The book provides a very interesting, knowledgeable view of modern Turkey. He discusses how the West's view of the Turks was similar to recent views of the Communist world. He describes the Ottoman period and the transition to modernism under Ataturk. He looks at the Kurdish Crisis, the Armenian issue, EU integration, Islamic fundamentalism, the Turkish diaspora, the recent wars in the Balkans, Cyprus, Central Asia, poverty, government policies, etc. He does all this in a very readable style. However, I found the book excessively negative. I read it while travelling through Turkey, and several Turks who saw the front cover (a picture of Ataturk) were very interested to see what I was reading. Yet I felt uncomfortable when they opened up to chapters on the Kurds and fundamentalists. While admiring modern Turkey, its history and its people, I found myself reading a volume which focuses only on the problems. I wonder to what extent Pettifer's work in Greece and the Balkans have influenced his dark view of Turkey. Yet I still recommend the book as a well-written, well-researched book on the modern Turkish Republic.