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Karl Popper and The Open Society,
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This review is from: The Open Society and Its Enemies (Routledge Classics) (Paperback)
The book "The Open Society and Its Enemies" appeared as a philosophical and methodological development of Karl Popper's work: "The Poverty of Historicism", all written in political exile in New Zealand during the Second World War . This was his war effort (1rst Published in 1945), as well as "The Road to Serfdom" (1944) of his friend Hayek.
Popper (1902-1994), wanted to study the roots of historicism and of totalitarianism in philosophy, social sciences and politics. Upon his own methodology, he delivered his attacks on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx, the fathers of the ancient (tribalism) and the modern vision (nazism and stalinism) of the closed society; states without democracy and freedom for the individuals. He applied his research concerning the method or the logic of scientific discovery to the study of the societies. It is the same methodology of trial and error, of problem solving, with testability and falsifiability, in the natural sciences and in the social sciences. Hence his methodological individualism (Cf. also Hayek) to study the society, with its institutions as an evolutionary process, and the "piecemeal social engineering" for the policy measures. So he grasped all the conditions: in theory, economics and politics, to preserve the "open society", liberty and democracy.
In the XXth Century Popper and Hayek were the great philosophers of the liberal democracy.
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Initial post: 3 Jun 2013, 08:24:45 BST
Thank you for a very helpful detailed review. I have ordered this and have already purchased Hayek's 'Road to Serfdom'. I have also almost finished my first philosophy course with the Open University which I enjoyed very much.
In reply to an earlier post on 5 Jun 2013, 13:21:17 BST
Last edited by the author on 5 Jun 2013, 13:28:42 BST
Mr. Francois Marcognet says:
Thank you for your appreciation. If you wish to learn more in Popper's epistemology you can go straight on to his book: "Objective Knowledge", which integrates all his work concerning his theory of knowledge. With my encouragements for your studies in philosophy.
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