Top critical review
One person found this helpful
on 18 March 2013
I have just finished reading Darwin's famous book, The Origin of Species. Consequently, I have some questions and wondered whether anyone might shed some light on the following?
1. Darwin does not mention dinosaurs so when was the first dinosaur fossil discovered?
2. Darwin writes about natural selection always being advantageous to a species so in what respect is it advantageous for a person to be born blind or handicapped in some way?
3. In what way is it advantageous for Man to have different blood groups? Why does Man have different blood groups and is he the only animal to do so?
4. Sea Horses appear to be aesthetically pleasing but to what natural advantage was it that they evolved into such vulnerable yet pleasing forms rather than, say, fish?
5. Darwin writes many long turgid sentences especially with regards to species and variety. Indeed, he does not appear to be able to successfully define the difference. Have I overlooked something?
6. In what way has the complexity of the eye - from Ape to Man - changed and evolved?
7. Popularly known as the "missing link"; is there any evidence of a transitional or intermediate fossil form or has there ever been a fossil found in the past few hundred years anywhere on earth which has convinced most people of the evolution of Mankind through Darwin's argument and theory of Natural Selection? If so, what is it and why is it convincing?
8. Moreover, Darwin wrote of the difficulty of such evidence because, amongst other reasons, of the extermination of transitional forms and the the very slow process involved. However, he maintained that under the ocean floor would be the best place to look for transitional forms. Since Mankind has had the benefit of using new technology to search for, say, Oil or Gas deposits under the sea or ocean floor surely some scientists have had the opportunity to explore these regions and conclude on their findings?
Have any intermediate or transitional forms been found?
9. According to Darwin the evolution of the eye began with basic life forms existing in the dark depths of the sea and uses nerves sensitive to light to illustrate his point but why was/is there a nerve sensitive to light?
10. Darwin writes in the chapter on the Difficulties of Theory in The Origin of Species:
"Hence the inhabitants of one country, generally the smaller one, will often yield, as we shall see they do yield, to the inhabitants of another generally larger country. For in the larger country there will have existed more individuals, and more diversified forms, and the competition will have been severer, and the standard of perfection will have been rendered higher... ."
Darwin was an Englishman who, after travelling round the world for five years was fully aware of the strength of the British and their ever growing Empire. Indeed, he was proud of this fact as anyone who has read The Voyage of the Beagle must admit. So why did Darwin draw a conclusion almost opposite to his direct experience?
11. Darwin concludes:
"And as natural selection works solely by and for the good of each being, all corporeal and mental endowments will tend to progress towards perfection."
Can anyone shed any light on what is, "perfection"?
12. Did Darwin really believe in Theistic evolution? In other words, did Darwin think that God was involved or behind the work of Natural Selection as expounded in his book, The Origin of Species? He writes:
"To my mind it accords better with what we know of the laws impressed on matter by the Creator, that the production and extinction of the past and present inhabitants of the world should have been due to secondary causes, like those determining the birth and death of the individual. When I view all beings not as special creations, but as the lineal descendants of some few beings which lived long before the first bed of the Silurian system was deposited, they seem to me to become ennobled."
There are many other points made by Darwin and many times I have asked, is this true? In some instances, I am almost certain that what is being posited, is not true. However, this is enough for now. If anyone can answer any of these questions it would be most enlightening.