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A Costly Cold War Confrontation
on 20 January 2014
This was the first major war after the end of the World War 11; it came just 5 years later in 1950!
Korea was split in half after the war, having been under Japanese rule previously. It had been simmering with violence ever since.
Essentially the Korean war was a cold war confrontation. The communists of North Korea invaded the South. America,mindful of communist expansionism entered the fray with the United Nations. They only just got there in time, but quickly drove back the North Koreans. They even looked like they might have defeated the communists and taken the North. However, Russia and China were not going to allow that happen. Enter China with Russia as sleeping partners. This then became a very different war. China's army was huge and manpower was no problem. Backed by Russian weapons they became a formidable foe. America had a decision to make, a full scale war against China and North Korea would almost certainly bring in Russia as allies to China. That would constitute World 111?
The war dragged on for 3years with the three major powers too nervous to push the issue to an
all-out war or push for total victory. In the end America were content to hold the South and keep the Communists out. China was content to save the North, which would keep America from residing on their border!
This was a real war in every sense. It cost the US, UN, Korea & China dearly in terms of life and cost to economy.
Total troops for the UN & America totalled 1 million. The Communists totalled 1.6 million. Losses were very, very high, on both sides, in terms of those killed, wounded, missing & POW's. Civilians were also very badly hit with losses estimated at some 2.5 million.
On top of that the usual war crimes, atrocities and massacres occurred. All in all this was a very bloody war indeed.
This book gives reasonable overview, though some of the photographs are perhaps not as good in quality as some of the others books in the series. Some of the latter issues are not covered in much detail but this is still a great series for those that like their history and a quick way to get an update.