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He was raised in Estonia as a Lutheran and like many of the Baltic nobility could speak German
on 3 February 2016
I saw this book in a second hand book shop and picked it up as I was looking for something to read on the Napoleonic era now that the BBC are dramatising War and Peace. I turned straight to the war of 1812 and lo and behold spotted straightaway the sentence that 'Barclay de Tolly and Bagration were both of German descent'. Anyone who has studied the war of 1812 will know that Prince Michael Andreas Barclay, the Russian Field Marshall and commander of the 1st Russian Army of the West was of SCOTTISH descent from the clan Barclay of Aberdeenshire.He was raised in Estonia as a Lutheran and like many of the Baltic nobility could speak German. As for Pyotr Bagration, it is very well known that he was a GEORGIAN prince and General of the Russian Imperial Army and fatally wounded at Borodino. He is mentioned in War and Peace. Also,quite why they needed to insert 200 pages of footnotes I have no idea. The Peninsular war is totally ignored and while it is true Napoleon did not take direct part in the campaign and relied on his generals to fight it for him (one of the reasons he probably lost) I find this omission totally baffling for a book about one of history's greatest military commanders.