This very interesting book stunnned me in various ways. It challenged my views of the Second World War especially over Japan and the principal reasons of Atom bombings.The official history over Japan is always the views of the victors--the US. This book is written by a Japanese writer with caution but bravely. It brushes aside the reasons told by the US Administration about the usage of A-bombs. The book carefully shows the inner-party struggles among the ruling elite of the Japanese Empire and clearly shows that the Japanese Government was ready to accept surrender. The Japanese point of view depends heavily on the attitude of the Soviet Union. When Molotov summons the Japanese Ambassador in Moscow and declares war on Japan, the Japanese elite is devastated. They count on Moscow to mediate peace overtures between Japan and the US. The stormy advance of the Red Army can not be stopped and the Japanese do not fight against the Reds either.Among the ruling elite of the Empire the worst nightmare is a potential communist upheaval. They could do anything to avert this consequence at all costs. The changed US Administration from Roosevelt to Truman clearly plays in this area. They don't want the Soviets involved in Japan proper. They can not stop the invasion of the Red Army into China and Korea but they won't have the Soviets have a share on Japan. In a respect the dropped A-bombs are a veiled threat to Soviet Union.The Soviet Union carefully play with the former and new imperialist powers in the region. They liberate the oppressed Chinese people from the yoke of Japanese invaders giving huge boost to Communists in China paving the way for the 1949 victory. The US double dealing results in bombing of major cities with atom bombs and with Soviet entry into war, the Emperor accepts unconditional surrender. From then on, a disgusting relation develops between US and Japan like in West Germany. The former torturers and imperialists remain where they are in the ruling elite. Like co-operation between CIA and former Nazis, the Japanese agents are to be used in Cold War against Communists. The country still has thousands of US soldiers on its land. WHY?