'His children are falling from the sky,' is the arresting opening sentence of the second novel in Mantel's trilogy, exploring the life of Thomas Cromwell at the court of Henry VIII. Hawks at the king's hunting party in Wiltshire have been named after Cromwell's dead daughters, an odd memorial, but one that immediately reminds us of Cromwell's loss of those dear to him, and the cut-throat world in which he is now a key player. 'When they look down they see nothing but their prey, and the borrowed plumes of the hunters; they see a flittering, flinching universe, a universe filled with their dinner.'
As has been observed by others, Mantel is writing at the height of her powers and her language is full of delights. She doesn't burden us with her research, which effortlessly provides the structure to her novel - it is her sensory description which allows us to think we know what it is to inhabit the world of Henry Tudor. She conjures up - with even more skill perhaps - the workings of Cromwell's mind and the political machinations required to serve his king and to remove and execute a queen, according to the law of England. Cromwell has read Machiavelli and clearly thinks he could write better if he had the time - but there are always papers, always business to be attended to if the kingdom is to prosper.
Wolf Hall is an extraordinary novel, fully deserving of its prizes and the praise it gathered; Bring Up the Bodies is its near equal. If Wolf Hall was very much about the fall of Wolsey and the rise of Cromwell to high office, Bring Up the Bodies is about Cromwell holding on to power while Anne Boleyn loses it, and the cost of that to both. Mantel is writing a trilogy and this makes sense for the second act. Wolsey is still a character in this novel; his spirit guiding Cromwell, his loyalties and actions. Anne Boleyn loses her influence when she fails to provide Henry with a son and heir. Cromwell and Anne Boleyn supported each other in their rise to power but Cromwell notes the signs that the king's interest is moving and determines not to repeat Wolsey's mistake of not fulfilling the king's wishes quickly enough. The long-standing fascination with the Tudors is such that most of us know the plot - but Mantel triumphs in creating suspense and pathos for Anne and in keeping us strongly aligned with Cromwell's point of view, even as he schemes and orchestrates the evidence against her.
About halfway though the novel there is an pivotal scene where Henry is believed dead after a jousting accident. Mantel describes Cromwell's thought processes as the court panics and the country is on the brink of chaos. One moment he is caught up in emotion as he gazes at the king, 'Henry is waxen, and he sees the shocking tenderness of human flesh evicted from steel. He is lying on his back, all his magnificent height stretched out on a piece of ocean-blue cloth. His limbs are straight. He looks uninjured. He touches his face. It is still warm. Fate has not spoiled him or mangled. He is intact, a present for the gods. They are taking him back as he was sent.' The next moment he is thinking how he will pre-empt a civil war. It is a tour de force which both informs us of Cromwell's character, allowing us to make sense of his later actions, and gives us some insight into the fragility of the peace the Tudor reign has brought.
Henry's fickleness is clear throughout this novel, the renaissance prince is shown to be increasingly narcissistic and Cromwell has to draw on all his powers to manage him. It was part of Hilary Mantel's genius to tell this story from Cromwell's viewpoint. He is a man who has gained power through merit and hard work rather than by birth and privilege - and that appeals to our age and sensibilities. He is powerful and yet he knows that his power is vested in the king and in the value he brings him. Later in the novel Henry convulses with rage and says 'I really believe, Cromwell, that you think you are king, and I am the blacksmith's boy.' Cromwell is able to avert Henry's rage - whilst thinking that Henry would not have survived the smithy and the need for a cool head around fire and molten metal - but he knows that he will only survive if he gives the king money and the possibility of peace and an heir and so he goes to work.
Mantel has a mischievous way of inserting lines into her narrative that seem to come from Elizabethan plays not yet written - just one more enjoyable part of this rich and exciting novel.
If you read nothing else this summer - read this
on 14 August 2012
After the superbly crafted Wolf Hall no one could have expected the sequel, Bring Up The Bodies to extend and develop the stylistic writing and brilliantly realized imagery- and yet it does, triumphantly so that as a deliberately shorter 'middle book' of a trilogy the story of Cromwell and the fall of Ann Boleyn, is both dark and totally gripping. This is no filler middle book but a brilliant tour de force of daring and beautiful writing. Whilst in Wolf Hall the narrative imagery and establishment of characters/setting seemed to dominate here it is the dialogue sequences that stand out with wonderfully crafted confrontations between Cromwell and Boleyn and as her world implodes the supposed "lovers" that Cromwell entraps. The daring also comes in Cromwell's thought world as he occasionally lapses into fantasy reverie about the situations that he both creates and is entangled in. His increasing isolation (as he works late and almost constantly) is offset by endless summonses and orders from the king to deal with Boleyn and engineer the marriage to Jane Seymour. In the background there are constant references to Wolsey and More as victims of the kings capricious whims or Boleyns supposed scheming. Within all this Mantel finds time for dark humour (call me rizly) and the wonderful mangling of his name in mock affectionate terms (Henry calls him crumb, Boleyn mangles his name in pseudo French pronunciation) so that he appears to be a shapeshifter- Cromwell uses a protean and prodigious energy to serve all his "masters" whilst himself remaining the master of his own destiny, yet enemies remind him of his probable fate under Henry if he puts a foot wrong. Mantel is highly skilled, sincere and totally in control of her material. Originally this was never intended to be a trilogy but as a reader I am grateful for one more volume that will see Cromwell meet his maker- for now mantel is his maker and overall she has produced a stunning piece of work- worthy of the booker longlist and a good tip to win overall. Its a mesmerising read in what will be Mantels tour de force- her finest body of work.
on 11 June 2012
Had Amazon given me the option, I think I would have given this 3.5 stars. It's a beautifully written book which is, at times, touching, funny, tense and always intelligent. I certainly devoured it. Nevertheless, I found it a lesser novel to Wolf Hall for several reasons. (Minor spoilers below if you are not familiar with Tudor history).
Firstly, whilst it carried on the tale of Cromwell, I didn't feel that it added much thematically to what had already been explored in Wolf Hall. There were additional considerations on statecraft and age but so much territory had already been covered that it felt like an addendum to the previous novel rather than a discreet work. Compare it, for example, to "I, Claudius" and "Claudius the God", which tell two halves of a story but use the two halves to explore quite distinct themes; consequently, both Claudius novels feel fresh in a way that Bring up the Bodies doesn't.
I also found the plot less rewarding - I think because it deals with a difficult transitory period concerning the pomp and fall of Anne Boleyn. Therefore, the actions lend themselves less easily to a novel than the passage of Cromwell from Putney bruiser to Master of the Rolls and Secretary to the King as told in Wolf Hall. There is a less clear direction of travel for our main protagonist and he has less agency in the journey he goes on, at times seemingly 'going through the motions'. This sets up some nice comparisons with the fall of Wolsey but I couldn't escape the feeling that the interrogation of Boleyn's lovers, for example, was a less brilliant literary execution (pardon the pun) than that of Thomas More in the first novel. It just seemed more pedestrian and, I think, that is because Mantel had less juicy historical ingredients to play with.
I can't help but feel that this is a bridging novel (I believe there is a third novel en route?) and, consequently, is largely designed to get the main characters from the end of Wolf Hall (the 'rise of Cromwell') to the beginning of the next novel (the 'fall of Cromwell'). That is not to say that it isn't good - it is very good - but whereas Wolf Hall was a book that functioned wonderfully as a self contained exploration of plot, character and theme this novel lacks both the internal coherence of those three factors and the excitement of so much novelty and invention.
I can't help but wish that Mantel had cleansed her pallet with another project between Wolf Hall and Bring up the Bodies so she could come to the material fresh. Sadly, I imagine that the effort of holding the life of Cromwell and the constituent themes of the book is too taxing to break it up like that!
on 6 June 2013
This sequel fails to deliver the interest and and colour of Wolf Hall, and overall is pedestrian and boring.
Mantel persists in her strange narrative style: third person, with Cromwell often only referred to as 'he', with a first person's perspective. A new innovation is the awful phrase 'he, Cromwell', rather than just 'Cromwell' which makes the English appear worse, rather than better. As well as confusing the reader (with no gain in terms of more sophisticated understanding), this clumsy form of expression can lead to daft writing, such as "The earl is on his feet. He remains seated."
The readability of the novel is further diminished by the poor use of paragraphs, extraordinarily long chapters, and the lack of clear breaks between different scenes. I expect that everyone reads for a limited period at a time - certainly not for 150 pages without a break. Without obvious breaks in the text, and the tendency to segue directly from one event to the next, there is no logical place to stop reading, and when starting to read again, I often had to back track to find the thread of the narrative again. The novel has a 'stream of consciousness'feel to it, without the depth or insight that usually accompanies this style of writing, and gives no consideration to how the reader might respond to the text.
I've read many, many novels in my time, some quite long and demanding, eg Tolstoy's 'War and Peace', and 'Anna Karenina'. I don't mind thinking hard to get full value from the text, but in this case, I felt that maintaining the concentration required was more akin to understanding a tedious tax form, rather than appreciating literary depth.
on 2 April 2013
Having read `Wolf Hall', I was chomping at the bit to read `Bring up the Bodies'. This book is large, heavy; it appears a challenging read from the outset, yet I was hooked. I work an hour away and I carried this book with me on the train everyday if only to capture a quiet moment to indulge myself in Thomas Cromwell's world. When I completed it, I read it again.
Mantel is an incredible writer; her prose brings the court of Henry to life in a manner other writers can only dream of. The characterisation of Cromwell is compelling. Thomas is often portrayed in other volumes as a devious, scheming bully, instrumental the fall of Anne Boleyn, betraying his former mistress when the tide turned against her. Mantel takes the facts of 1536 and puts forward an alternative; Cromwell's motives are understood and I even found I sympathised with his plight, a balancing act of humanism against the impenetrable will of a disillusioned king.
The characters of Anne and Henry are fascinating. For one moment, Cromwell can see Anne's attraction and the next he cannot; the moment has past and therein lays his power against her, she cannot charm him as she does others. Anne acknowledges this and it grates on her; her vanity is wounded and this is her eventual undoing. Henry is the big love in Cromwell's life as the king was to Wolsey previously; yet the king's character is cleverly constructed to imply a deeply flawed individual, spoilt and sulky, yet somehow charismatic. He is neither deserving of devotion nor despicable as a tyrant; his character portrays what we dislike most in present-day politicians etc. - an inability to engage with life in a real world to which they have never been party. Somehow one feels pity for Henry, his privileged upbringing has left him utterly isolated, yet he is surrounded by false friends. Cromwell is his only true ally yet Henry is often too short-sighted to appreciate his worth.
`Bring up the Bodies' is an interesting, stimulating read; the story of Anne's fall is tragic and thought provoking. The text is exceptional; the description rich and captivating, not a cliché in sight. Mantel even makes policy readable! There is moments of extreme emotion, despair, and yet humour in the oddest places; much as in reality.
I cannot wait for the next book to be released; HM please hurry!!
Sophie Elmhirst has recently written a long piece in the New Statesman about Hilary Mantel in which she says that "her Cromwell books are a combination of wild imagining and unimpeachable accuracy".
Could anyone put it better?
Wolf Hall tells the story of Thomas Cromwell's unlikely rise to prominence from humble beginnings and an abused childhood to his position as Cardinal Wolsey's 'right hand man' where he comes to the attention of Henry.
The wonderfully entitled Bring Up The Bodies (the call from the Tower of London to bring the accused to trial) continues the saga of Henry's overarching quest for a male heir. Anne Boleyn's meteoric rise and catastrophic fall from grace is a familiar story. But in Hilary Mantel's hands it fairly crackles with electro-charged excitement. Writing in the present tense gives the reader such a sense of immediacy, as though Henry's demand for a mate who will comply with his increasingly desperate mission to acquire a son is hot news. Indeed, as Sophie Elmhirst says in her New Statesman piece, it is almost as though history might be re-written: could it possibly be that Anne will knock out a boy and hold on to her head? Or will Thomas Cromwell have to use his prodigious wiles and innate ability for deadly intrigue to rid Henry of this duff and disappointing baby-making machine? There is one particular dialogue scene, about a third of the way through the book, between Anne and Cremuel (as she calls him) that is so good that it gave me - literally - tingles of pleasure and I had to put the book down for a few moments and just take a little time out to enjoy the thrill of reading such exceptional writing.
Hilary Mantel's use of the pro-noun "he" for Cromwell is controversial; once you attune yourself to it though, you will see it for the magnificent master-stroke that it is. For the Cromwell "he" is, in fact, the Mantel "I". Mantel inhabits the very mind, heart, soul and body of Thomas Cromwell. And this, I believe, is what makes this author the outstanding British writer of her generation.
If Hilary Mantel wins the Booker on 16th October, she will be the first British author to win twice. Do it, Booker panel. Bring up the accolades.
on 2 September 2012
Having absolutely loved Wolf Hall, my impatience got the better of me and I ordered the hardback of Bring Up the Bodies. And it did not disappoint in any way. Mantel is at the height of her powers and the continuing story of the fascinating Thomas Cromwell enthralled me. But this is far more than a simple narration or historical novel. Underlying it is a complex analysis of humanity, humaneness, cruelty and frailty. I couldn't stop reading it, slowed down towards the end because I didn't want it to end, then started over again immediately. A rich experience.
In her previous novel, Wolf Hall, author Hilary Mantel, recreates the dramatic story of Sir Thomas More's trial and execution in July, 1535, during the reign of King Henry VIII. As she opens this novel, set just three months later, More's downfall is still fresh in the minds of everyone at Henry's court. Thomas Cromwell, who prosecuted More on behalf of the king, is now Henry's chief minister, firmly ensconced in the power structure of the Tudor Court. He will have plenty of work to do over the next seven or eight months. Now that Henry's marriage to Katherine of Aragon is annulled, Henry has married Anne Boleyn, but he has tired of her and does not believe she will bear him a son. Assigning Cromwell to find a way to free him from his new queen, Henry begins to pursue the plain and modest Jane Seymour, whose virginal ways stand in sharp contrast to those of Anne.
The personal, political, and religious conflicts among the families and courtiers of Katherine, Anne Boleyn, and eventually Jane Seymour create myriad complications for Henry and his ministers, especially Thomas Cromwell, who must always watch his back. Henry's political relationships with France, Spain, and the Holy Roman Empire are also perpetually changing. War constantly threatens, none of the countries trust each other, and secret negotiations regarding marriages of state, the exchange of envoys, and the creation of secret alliances are always under way. Henry has broken with the papacy, and he, Cromwell, and the priests in England are constantly wrangling about the practical issues of their church vs. the papacy. Recently, Henry has decided to seize monasteries for their assets and lands.
Author Hilary Mantel focuses the novel on Cromwell, vividly recreating the complex maneuvering on all levels as Henry becomes impatient to be freed of Anne. As Cromwell develops a plan which will satisfy Henry, the characters and the period come vibrantly to life, despite the intricate genealogies and the political complexity. The devious plot to entrap Anne and those who support her unfolds with a kind of panache and care for realistic details that are rarely seen in fiction - a scheme so clever and full of malice that it sometimes feels like a secret memoir from the period. The lively dialogue, often full of dramatic irony as the characters talk at cross purposes, conveys information as well as the characters' feelings. At the same time, it also inspires feelings within the reader - anger, resentment, or even pity for these characters, all of whom are pawns. The degree to which the women, especially, are the lowliest pawns of all in the great game of court politics is obvious, as the grand plot against Anne Boleyn reveals.
As the action moves inexorably to the novel's climax with arrests, trials, and gruesome executions, the reader understands how all this came about, and feels not only like a witness to history but like a participant in it. When Anne ultimately faces trial, the reader marvels at all that has happened in the mere seven months (and four hundred+ pages) since the novel opened. Mantel's writing is so effective on so grand a scale that this novel feels like an absolute shoo-in for the 2012 Booker Prize.
On reading this, I came to the conclusion that Mantel's Cromwell is a man who cannot endure hypocrisy; each man and woman must, in Cromwell's view, remain true to his or her own colours. And Cromwell has, in his opinion, remained true to his own. He has remained loyal to his family and his true friends, and he has remained loyal to Cardinal Wolsey, long since dead, but not forgotten; at least not by Cromwell. And so while Cromwell knows that the King must always be given what he wants, Cromwell has reconciled it with his conscience to be able to fulfil that demand while remaining true to his own beliefs. Hypocrisy in others must be stored up and played off, and that is what he does, when it is time to give Henry what he now wants; release from Anne.
I must admit that I had wondered how the author would treat Cromwell's part in these episodes while remaining empathetic to Cromwell (as the story is written from Cromwell's perspective, and so must show Cromwell in his own honest light); but this was brilliantly done. The author's character portrayal remains true, and Cromwell sails through his life on his even keel. But even as Anne is destroyed, Cromwell is at his most powerful, and yet most vulnerable; if Anne's enemies can remove her from the Court and the world, can they not remove Cromwell also?
A brilliant book, and a brilliant follow-up to Wolf Hall; can't wait for the final book in the trilogy when Cromwell must reconcile his life to his own fate. In this story, at least, he cannot remain a watcher on the sidelines, but must surely have to fully participate in a close investigation of his own moral and ethical values.
on 4 February 2016
I bought this book twice - once in paperback, which I found very heavy to handle for reading in bed, so I re-ordered it on my Kindle, which was just fine. I have enjoyed every minute of reading this book, just as much as the first volume (Wolf Hall). So much looking forward to reading the third volume, which I presume isn't written yet?
I have been waiting a long time to find some reading matter that would give me a real interest in English history, rather than the history of the French Revolution which has always fascinated me (and yes, I have bought the paperback of Hilary Mantel's book but not got it onto the Kindle yet). After reminding myself all the way through that I am reading a NOVEL, I am now ready to read a biography of Thomas Cromwell as well as some of the other characters in these books. Thank you Hilary Mantel (I haven't seen the tv series but will be asking for it shortly on DVD for my birthday).