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Ciho Miron (Bucharest, Romania)

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The Egyptian World (Routledge Worlds)
The Egyptian World (Routledge Worlds)
by Toby Wilkinson
Edition: Paperback
Price: £41.99

6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars One of the best conceived and written handbooks about the ancient Egyptians, 6 Feb. 2010
It is hard to describe in a couple of phrases a book intended to be a basic reference tool for every student eager to comprehend the mechanism of the ancient Egyptian civilization. I think everybody involved in the study of the Pharaonic civilization will enjoy the content of a thematically arranged book instead of a chronological overview of what the ancient Egyptians created during their existence. Indeed, the editor could gather thirty-two outstanding chapters written by some of the most authoritative scholars of our time, and grouped them thematically into seven sections. They are as follows: Environments, Institutions, Economies, Societies, Ideologies, Aesthetics and Interactions. Each of them is divided in a couple of sub-chapters, necessary to understand the topic debated by the Egyptologists. One of the principal aims of the editor was to present to the reader: "...a digest of current research trends in Egyptology as well as a unique examination of the Egyptian world". I think they wholly succeeded to provide us with one of the best conceived and written handbooks about the ancient Egyptians. A special note for previously unpublished photographs and drawings included in the present volume. For every person, the present book is an easily accessible introduction to the world ruled by the Pharaohs . Overall, `The Egyptian World" will serve as a standard reference book in the years to come. I hope that this engaging book will be widely read.


The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt's Third Intermediate Period (Writings from the Ancient World)
The Libyan Anarchy: Inscriptions from Egypt's Third Intermediate Period (Writings from the Ancient World)
by Robert Kriech Ritner
Edition: Paperback
Price: £34.99

2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars The first comprehensive source book of the Third Intermediate Period texts translated into English., 24 Dec. 2009
Robert K. Ritner is currently Professor of Egyptology at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, being one of the leading scholars with regard to the study of ancient Egyptian magic. There are no subjects referring to Egypt with which he is not familiar. Ritner is one of the most prolific Egyptologists of our times.
The present volume is published by the Society of Biblical Literature within the series "Writings from the Ancient World". Ritner translated the most important texts of all genres from the Third Intermediate Period (about 1065-650 B.C.) which "is commonly disparaged as <the Libyan Anarchy>, with reference to the ethnicity of its foreign rulers, who were descendent from Libyan mercenaries". Ritner based his historical enquiry on K.A. Kitchen's classical book ("The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt"), but without ignore the new results of the "Birmingham School"(whose member proposed a different reconstruction of Dynasty XXIII and his location at Thebes rather than Leontopolis). The author translated all together 176 texts, in every case being taken into consideration the followings: a short explanatory introduction to the related documents, a minimal bibliography, the transliteration of the ancient texts, and the translations proper. Short notes close the sequence, helping to the understanding of the renderings. For the specialists, the transliterated texts will represent the most valuable part of the book, sections remaining enigmatic for the general reader. Anyhow, the last cited category had only to ignore the transliterations, and can profit with great benefits from the other elements mentioned above.
Ritner compiled a very useful source book, comprising reconstructed texts from scattered primary information, some of them published long ago, and having out of day translations. It is the first time such as an amount of texts of the Third Intermediate Period is translated into English within the frame of one book. Ritner's volume can be considered a valuable research tool for Egyptologists, historians of the Near-, and Middle-East, and to all educated persons deeply involved in the study of ancient Egypt's later history. It is worth mentioning that appreciatively at the same time appeared the monumental Hieroglyphic collection of texts published by the German Egyptologist, Karl Jansen-Winkeln("Inschriften der Spatzeit". Teil I: Die 21. Dynastie, Wiesbaden, 2007; Teil II: Die 22-24 Dynastie, Wiesbaden, 2007, and Teil III: Die 25. Dynastie, Wiesbaden, 2009).
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Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1, the Near & Middle East)
Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 1, the Near & Middle East)
by Erik Hornung
Edition: Hardcover
Price: £182.69

2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Not easy, but essential!, 28 Oct. 2009
Within the frame of the series Handbuch of Oriental Studies(Section One, The Near and Middle East, vol. 83)appeared a rare book edited by E. Hornung, R. Krauss and D. A. Warburton: Ancient Egyptian Chronology(2006). Having more than 500 printed pages, and with a rather difficult subject, this splendid enterprise is not an easy lecture you can finish in few days. Being a comprehensive book, it is hard to summarize in a couple of sentences. It is an outstanding reference book, important due to the following reasons: with one or two exceptions, the studies are written by the leading scholars of the moment; the reader has the possibility to find out more about the Egyptian chronological tradition and method of dating; we learn about the main datable sources of the Egyptian history, from the Predynastic, until the end of the Persian Period, including Meroe, also; the reader is introduced in the "mysteries"of radiocarbon dating, the luminescence dating, the dendrochronology, astronomical phenomena, the lunar calendar, the lunar dates, the heliacal rising of the star Sirius etc. , and their relationship with the ancient Egyptian chronology. In conclusion: with a very interesting concluding part and chronological tables, bibliographies and detailed indexes, the Ancient Egyptian Chronology is an indispensable tool for the future researches, for specialized libraries and scientists working in the field of chronological investigation.


The Libyan Period in Egypt: Historical and Cultural Studies Into the 21st - 24th Dynasties: Proceedings of a Conference at Leiden University, 25-27 ... Uitgaven - Egyptological Publications)
The Libyan Period in Egypt: Historical and Cultural Studies Into the 21st - 24th Dynasties: Proceedings of a Conference at Leiden University, 25-27 ... Uitgaven - Egyptological Publications)
by Gpf Broekman
Edition: Paperback
Price: £77.62

0 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars High value studies about the Lybian Period, 28 Oct. 2009
In comparison with other self-disciplines studying the ancient civilizations, Egyptology is a young science. For the layman, and not only, everything relating to the history and culture of Ancient Egypt was bringing to the end. According to such an opinion, now the Egyptologists are working only to prepare their syntheses concerning different aspects of this civilization. The publication of the present volume is one of the best examples to emphasize and to confirm that the above mentioned assertions are artificial. Indeed, the history of the Lybian Period is far to be solved. Reading the contributions of the volume we can realize that there are many contradictory standpoints between scientists. In this respect is very useful "the summary of the current debate in Egyptology" presented by the editors. They stressed that the majority of the studies are relating to the sequences of the rulers within the dynasties, the location of the capital of Egypt, or the location of the royal residence of the regnant dynasties. Beside "dynastic" problems , among the 24 articles published in this volume, there are also articles connecting to religious problems of the period, also. At their origin, these high value contributions were presented during a Conference organized in 2007, at the University of Leiden. Far for being an easy lecture, these studies could represent a step ahead for the solution of some problems of the Third Intermediate Period. For the moment, regarding this subject we have the dispute between two generations of Egyptologists, and also between different schools of Egyptology in the world.


Dayr Al-Barsha Volume I. the Rock Tombs of Djehutinakht (No. 17k74/1), Khnumnakht (No. 17k74/2), and Iha (No. 17k74/3): With an Essay on the History ... Kingdom (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta)
Dayr Al-Barsha Volume I. the Rock Tombs of Djehutinakht (No. 17k74/1), Khnumnakht (No. 17k74/2), and Iha (No. 17k74/3): With an Essay on the History ... Kingdom (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta)
by H Willems
Edition: Hardcover

5.0 out of 5 stars A publication with high standards!, 28 Oct. 2009
It was in 1974, when the first volume of one of the most outstanding monographs relating to the Oriental Studies, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, has appeared. Until now 186 volumes were printed in different languages, mainly in English, and French, and 6 are in press. One of them is a model synthesis concerning three tombs from Deir el-Bersha, in Middle Egypt, nearby the city named Mallawi. Over there undertook his excavations Prof. H. Willems, first on the behalf of the Leiden University, and from 2002 on, he leads the Mission of the Catholic University of Leuven(Belgium). The volume comprises the publication of three small rock tombs (that's of Djenutinakht, Khnumnakht, and Iha), probably dated immediately after the unification of Egypt during the reign of Mentuhotep II (XIth Dynasty). All the three individuality were in service of the nomarch Ahanakht I, the leader of the Hare nome(namely "great chief of the Hare nome") in the early Middle Kingdom. Apart from the translations and commentaries of some autobiographical texts, the more interesting part of the volume is the concluding chapter, entitled: "An Essay on the History and Nature of Nomarchal Rule in the Early Middle Kingdom". It seems that the three persons with elevated rank belonged to the provincial elite, and at the same time they were closely attached to the nomarch. All in one, I recommend H. Willems book's to every person interested in the political, social, and religious life of the early Middle Kingdom, and Ancient Egypt, also. The reader will discover a publication with high standards.


The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century BC (Yale Egyptological Studies) (Yale Egyptological Series): 12
The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century BC (Yale Egyptological Studies) (Yale Egyptological Series): 12
by Colleen Manassa
Edition: Paperback
Price: £37.00

5.0 out of 5 stars King Merneptah's Strategy against the Sea People and Libyans, 28 Oct. 2009
The books published within the frame of the prestigious "Yale Egyptological Series" are high value scientific contributions, and usually written for the benefit of the Egyptologists. The majority of them are reviewed or presented in well known Egyptological journals. C.Manassa's book, a revised and updated version of her undergraduate thesis, submitted to Yale's Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, is not an exception from his rule. Starting with 2006, she is Assistant Professor of Egyptology at Yale University. Personally, I think her work must be presented even for the average readers. The subject debated by the author is the great Karnak inscription of king Merneptah, namely the text dated from his 5-th regnal year, which describe the Libyan and Sea People invasion of Egypt around 1208 BC. Apart from the lexicographic and grammatical analyzes of the text, very useful for the specialists, there are many individual aspects, which can be taken into consideration by everybody. They are as follows: the accurate translation (in spite to the fact the text is damaged); the historical contexts(with a useful overview as regards the Sea Peoples, and the Libyans); the military strategy used by Merneptah to defeat the great coalition; the literary form of the text(at the origin probably a day-book of a military scribe), and last but not least the theological content of the text(the battle being considered as a struggle between chaos and order). I think we have to find out how to use the thoughts of a scientific book, and to take benefit on creative ideas such those which are present in the high value thesis of C. Manassa.
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The Gold of Honour in New Kingdom Egypt (Ace Studies)
The Gold of Honour in New Kingdom Egypt (Ace Studies)
by Susanne Binder
Edition: Paperback
Price: £124.05

1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A clear analysis relating to a specific type of award, 28 Oct. 2009
In ancient Egypt devoted officials were rewarded with different favors by the ruling kings. One of this is named "Gold of Honour", in New Kingdom having a specific form, namely a golden necklace. Dr. S. Binder investigates in her monograph the inscriptional, iconographical and archaeological type of evidences relating to this kind of royal "gift", which denote a specific relationship between the prized person and the ruler. The author presents a useful review of the researches undertaken by specialists during the decades of the last century relating to the place and character played by the award in question. Her conclusion is suitable: before the New Kingdom, the evidences relating to the "Gold of Honour" are rare, probably since gold was too costly to be offered as reward for loyal people. This phenomenon is especially typical for the New Kingdom, when gold was more widely used in the Egyptian society than before. S. Binder compiled a very important corpus of inscriptional evidence for rewarding with gold, and in a separate chapter the vocabulary and the constructions of the texts are assessed. The "Gold of Honour" is a special favor received by a person from the king, and it is not connected to a specific occupational or honorific title hold by the compensated persons. The volume contains also a very useful "Prosopography" of 281 individuals having been in connection with the "Gold of Honour"; it is an exhaustive archaeological, iconographical and textual evidence from the New Kingdom holders of such a favor. The present volume is addressed above all to Egyptologists, but everybody could benefit from S. Binder's clear explanations concerning this specific type of award existing mainly during the New Kingdom. We are sure that the present volume will start more debate in the future about a fascinating subject, which in absence of materials is not yet solved and explained in all his aspects.
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The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs, Volume I: Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty (3300-1069 BC) (Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharoahs)
The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs, Volume I: Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty (3300-1069 BC) (Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharoahs)
by Darrell D Baker
Edition: Hardcover
Price: £45.19

1 of 3 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Not so bad!, 28 Oct. 2009
As I was recently involved in writing a "Lexicon of Pharaohs", in Romanian, for the benefit of my students, I was eager to order and read the first volume of "The Encyclopedia of the Egyptian Pharaohs" compelled by Darrell D. Baker. Finally, I find out a well-printed book, with much useful information about the Egyptian Pharaohs, presented in alphabetical order. It is not my intention to "minimize" the results of a longtime personal research, but I would like to emphasize some things I consider a little "strange". The texts are indeed well written, easy to lecture, but sometimes lucking of basic information. I consider non-sense to present the Pharaohs' names in hieroglyphs; the average reader will consider them a curiosity, especially their transliterations. The Egyptologist will realize easily that only some of the variants are presented, and they usually are expected the references to Beckerath's "Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen", 2nd ed., 1999. After each king, there is a short bibliography, the author using the Harvard system, which for the non-Egyptologist is a real enigma. The "Bibliography" is a mixed one: comprising both scientific, both articles and books wrote for the average people. The most strange is the "Index", a simple alphabetical list of the Pharaohs, but without any indication of page numbers they have in the book. After all, these phrases reflect my own conception about such a work. Personally, I prefer the system used by Th. Schneider, Lexikon der Pharaonen, Düsseldorf, 2002, or by M. Dessoudeix, Chronique de l'Égypte ancienne, Ed. Actes Sud, 2008.


Law in Ancient Egypt
Law in Ancient Egypt
by Russ Versteeg
Edition: Paperback

5.0 out of 5 stars A basic book concerning the Ancient Egyptian law, 28 Oct. 2009
This review is from: Law in Ancient Egypt (Paperback)
Not very often we have the privilege to get into our hands books written with a great measure of honesty. It's the case of the "Law in Ancient Egypt" by Russ VerSteeg. The author is a lawyer, and professor at New England School of Law, being the writer of some books about the Ancient law systems. His intention was a very honorable one: to write a synthesis about Ancient Egyptian legal philosophy, which can be used by the Egyptologists, and by the average readers, also. In general, I think that he succeeded by presenting a very useful handbook about what we can name Egyptian law. The author used a good bibliography, being neglected only few basic references. The volume is divided in two parts: the first dealing with the ancient Egyptian concepts of justice, legal organization and personal, legal procedure, and the second one with property, the family, succession, crime and tort, contracts and commercial law. The present work has a pronounced didactic character. According to VerSteeg's investigation the literary works represent basic sources for the study of the legal procedures and cases. It is a publication which must be read, and used as one of the basic references as concern the "law" in Ancient Egypt.


Letters from Ancient Egypt (Writings from the ancient world)
Letters from Ancient Egypt (Writings from the ancient world)
by Edward F. (Trn) Wente
Edition: Paperback
Price: £10.99

6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Don't miss this book!, 28 Oct. 2009
It is not an easy task to translate from ancient Egyptian, to make the resulted text understandable for the benefit of different kinds of readers. To accomplish such an aim you need a deep knowledge in your scientific field of research, a lot of experience, and even literary skill. All these abilities are present in the case of Prof. E. Wente's translations concerning the ancient Egyptian letters. The resulting book, Letters from Ancient Egypt, is a masterpiece of the genre. Wente, with a great ability, find the most proper English phrases for the majority of Egyptian idioms. Only with a few exceptions, in the most cases the texts translated came from the category of "letters", and dating back from the Old Kingdom, until the 21-st Dynasty(roughly 2600- 1000 B. C.). The items are organized in twelve sections, ending with the fascinating "Letters to the Dead and God". As a specialist in Egyptology, I highly recommend to everyone to purchase and read this attractive, instructive and valuable book.


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