Timewalkers: Prehistory of Global Colonization (Penguin history) Paperback – 26 Oct 1995
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Paperback, 26 Oct 1995
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The book discusses and tries to answer the following questions: Why are humans everywhere? How did we become human? To what extent before we became fully human did we start to populate the world? And why, when we became fully human, did we populate the world so comparatively quickly?
Australopithecines stayed in Africa, as did Homo Habilis. Homo Erectus spread out from Africa. Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis successfully adapted to sub-glacial Eurasia. However, modern Homo Sapiens Sapiens are everywhere.
At first I browsed through this book. That was a mistake. Read this book sequentially. Each chapter builds on the previous ones and on the theories, terms and definitions introduced in them. Theories arepresented, critiqued and either accepted or rejected. Some theories, currently out of favour, are marked for their possible return. Personally, I was interested to read that one word, crocodiles, was used to dismisses The Aquatic Ape Theory.
THE CONCLUSION: The reason modern humans are everywhere is because they had purpose. This is not the same as historical progress. Modern humans ". . . change themselves and their societies rather than being buffeted by climate and pushed along by basic passions, natural needs". There was some evolutionary adaption but ". . . the reason people are everywhere was the result of purpose, the process of deliberate action. This operated in ecological time as behaviour was exapted to meet changing circumstances.Read more ›