Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty Paperback – 1 Feb 2001
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"A concise and very readable review of the evidence on why rural poverty persists ... There is an excellent overview of who the rural poor are, supported by tables summarising the findings of a large number of research studies." -- Development in Practice
"Interesting ... strongly recommended for every agricultural economist and economist interested in development and poverty." -- European Review of Agricultural Economics
Progress in reducing rural poverty has stalled. In the 1990s, it fell to less than a third of the rate needed to meet the United Nation's commitment to halve the world poverty by 2015. Although three quarters of the world's 1.2 billion extremely poor people live and work in rural areas, aid to agriculture, their main source of income has fallen by two thirds. In its "Rural Poverty Report 2001", the International Fund for Agricultural Development argues that, to be successful, poverty-reduction policies must focus on rural areas. To overcome disadvantages stemming from remoteness, lack of education and health care, insecure and unproductive jobs, high fertility, and (often) discrimination as women or ethnic minorities, the rural poor need; legally secure entitlement to assets (especially land and water); technology (above all for increasing the output and yield of food staples); access to markets; and access to microfinance. Such policies would promote economic growth and help alleviate urban poverty as well.Sustainable reduction in poverty would need creation of a pro-poor policy environment, and allocation of a greater volume of resources targeted to the poor with greater effectiveness. This needs to be complemented by better partnership among the government, civil society, and the private sector so that the poor are empowered to take responsibility for their own development.
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