Reframing: Neurolinguistic Programming and the Transformation of Meaning Paperback – 1 Jun 1983
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Though reframing may appear at first an NLP term it was referenced eight years earlier by Watzlawick et al (an influence on Grinder) who defined the ‘gentle art’ as “changing viewpoints in relation to which a situation is experienced and to place it in another frame which fits the 'facts' of the same concrete situation equally well or even better, and thereby changing its entire meaning.”
B&G call this classic approach ‘content reframing’, described by Koestler as ‘bisociation’ (the ability to connect an event in two separate and different contexts) and they concentrate on certain areas of attaching new responses to sensory experience by either a:
1. meaning reframe, i.e. a new complex equivalence including to a larger frame (“you can make it mean anything some how”).
2. context reorientate, i.e. comparative generalisation (“every behaviour will be useful some where”).
These two types of framing could be expanded to incorporate Dilt’s logical levels (with personal preference for the choice of adverbs) as follows:
1. value redirect: (motivation-permission) - why?
2. belief reconstruct: (convincer) outcome - how?
3. strategy restate: (capabilities-energy decision) - what?
4. behaviour repattern: (metaprograms) part/function - which?
5. context reorientate:(e.g. chunking laterally) - where?
Often the authors demonstrate working the levels in a sort of rudimentary coaching fashion (one would assume prior to Dilt’s famous model); with the process of ‘dragging down’ the clients’ responses from the why? to the what?/which? layers a repeated maneuver. This is particularly evident in uncovering the distinction between primary and secondary gain that can be related to motivational psychology’s notion of ‘functional autonomy’ (Allport): the recognition behaviour can become detached from the outcome it is supposed to achieve, that does not serve a useful function for the person any more.
Such an approach is encapsulated in the Advanced 6 Step Reframe (a staple technique of NLP) provided its own chapter that details the necessary steps to separate the inappropriate behaviours/parts from the positive intention (what you are trying to achieve). A chapter on Negotiating Between Parts is also covered with the key message of: “the more carefully you specify exactly what a part is going to do, the less you are likely to get objections from other parts about having it exist.”
The founders have openly stated all the stuff they make up is quite literally made up (!) and Bandler often refers to NLP as “his” hallucinations. Such a zen-like attitude to my mind captures the freedom-loving nature of reframing that I think Bandler, particularly, discovered the repercussions of in his attempt in the nineties to assert traditional authority on the field. These actions dramatically back-fired since they suffered from a lack of moral regularity in the creation of legal standards, and opened up NLP to the vagaries of charismatic and/or traditional authorities (Weber) - there are now at least eight different Boards and Associations.
According to B&G the reframing method differs markedly from the usual maneuvers in psychotherapy because the change agent is “a conscious consultant and the client their own therapist and hypnotist.” Though NLP ‘syntacticians’ know what goes where and in what order (sorting and sequencing) - a theme revisited from Magic 2 - changing the frame is for the most part a meta-awareness trip for the client. To this end there are plenty of everyday therapeutic applications to ponder upon that demonstrate, in the hands of a skilled practitioner, the utilisation of reframing in the context of couples, families and dissociated states (e.g. bingeing) work; and even beyond the first generational material, which the book is really target at, there are plenty of wider applications to consider to make this a really useful book to pick up and read.
their old frames of perception, you can't read this book and remain
in your persimistic and unhelpful way of thinking.
you will experience a paradigm shift
What they teach is incredibly interesting, but I simply found it unreadable. This books been around since 1982, so I have no idea why in all these years no one has corrected the spelling and grammar. I'm not talking the odd word here and there, I'm talking multiple words per page.
I could maybe forgive (although I still wouldn't be able to read it) the errors if the book had been translated from another language but these guys are American so there is no excuse. I think it was actually edited by two foreigners lol :) They both had the Greek/Cypriot surname of Andreas. Maybe it's a self publish book?
I'm not saying don't read this book, because these are the guys that invented NLP, so they know their stuff, and I am sure that if you can look past the spelling errors/grammar that the book would be fascinating, but I feel kind of cheated that I have bought it but have been unable to read it. I tried about 3 or 4 times, but I haven't been able to get past the errors, so regrettably I won't be finishing reading it. Shame.