With increasing concern of human being on the issue “sustainability, the interpretation has also become a fanciful exercise. The issue sustainability can be understood from two perspectives, the first one is reductive approach, second is the holistic approach. A reductive approach to sustainability, turns green design into a checklists such as wildlife preservation- check, recycled materials- check, mixed-use planning- check— without really approaching what each of these techniques is trying to achieve.
Under the holistic approach of sustainability, can be used four pillars of sustainability—social, cultural, environmental and economic— together to create projects that work with, as well as within, an environment and lead to the growth of strong, integrated, healthy communities in every sense. The holistic approach of sustainability is the integration of cultural, social, economic, and environmental growth into a long term plan for supportable, healthy living in unique, diverse environments. An integrated, holistic approach to sustainability encompasses everything from an evaluation of existing technology usage to sustainable design practices with future‐proofing, compressed distribution channels, green1technologies, and deployment best practices. Specific areas of focus include: mobility, resource usage and energy efficiency. When combined, all of these elements help organizations improve energy efficiency, reduce total cost of ownership, and improve overall building performance. Sustainability in its greater holistic sense is becoming a reality. It is imperative that a major effort be developed which brings together diverse people from across the spectrum of societal institutions and across geopolitical boundaries. For any category of social institution (e.g., education, government, industry, etc.) the Interactions between segments of society is becoming a crucial centre points for discussion among compassionate human society. Out of all center points the education for sustainable development (ESD) is more than any points which has impacts.