- Publisher: Running Press Book Publishers (26 Sept. 2000)
- Language: English
- ASIN: B0062K3KFY
- Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 3,658,120 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
(The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People) By Covey, Stephen R. (Author) Hardcover on 26-Sep-2000 Hardcover – 26 Sep 2000
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
1. Be proactive... Set goal, identify constraint
2. Begin with the end in mind.... Set goal, identify constraint, exploit, subordinate everything else
3. Put first things first...... Focus on constraint
4. Think win/win.... Basic TOC philosophy, every conflict can be removed
5. Seek first to understand, then to be understood... TOC Layers of Resistance, paradigm shift
6. Synergize..... Layers of resistance, thinking process, set goal, focus on constraint, celebrate success
7. Sharpen the saw........ Beware of inertia!
I feel better when I recognize how intuitive TOC is in comply with Blue Ocean, 7 Habits, Good to Great,... several books...
HABIT 1: BE PROACTIVE. Effective people subordinate the stimuli or impulses experienced in life to values. Proactivity is when man uses his freedom to choose value driven responses to stimuli and works to achieve goals which are consistent with his values. Proactivity relies on man’s endowment of self-awareness. This endowment of man allows him to consider and understand what he is experiencing as an objective observer. The self-aware proactive individual comes to know his patterns of behavior, tendencies, and habits (whether good or bad) and work to align all of them with his values.
HABIT 2: BEGIN WITH THE END IN MIND. In order to be proactive, man must know what it is that he values. If he is going to begin subordinating impulses to values, exactly what values will those be? Discovering those values makes use of the human endowments of conscience, imagination, and self-awareness. Conscience puts man in touch with his principles and values and imagination forms an image of the implications of those principles and values for the life of an individual. Ultimately, this habit seeks to formulate/discover a purpose or mission for one’s life that is inspired and informed by true principles and values.
HABIT 3: PUT FIRST THINGS FIRST. With the inspiring vision of one’s purpose gained from Habit 2, the effect person uses the human endowment of independent will to begin proactively organizing their life around this mission. This organization focuses on roles (derived from one’s purpose) and desired goals. Furthermore, the effective person transitions their focus from time and methods as criteria for self-management to relationships and results. Habit 3 is greatly aided by an external organizer which organizes a week at a time (rather than daily or monthly), places an emphasis on people over things, and is open to spontaneity. The “measuring stick” with which to value an activity is its importance and urgency. Effective people focus particularly on important things which are not urgent such as caring for their body, recollecting themselves in their values, developing their mind, and emotionally grounding themselves and their relationships in proper values.
HABIT 4: THINK WIN/WIN. Built on the foundation of their own character, effective people are able to cooperate with other people towards recognizing and achieving mutually beneficial goals. The character strengths which particularly contribute towards recognizing and working towards these mutual goals are integrity/trustworthiness (commitment to true values), maturity (the courage to express oneself and consideration to listen), and an abundance mentality (mutual benefit leaves everyone better off). The effective person realizes that failing to achieve mutually beneficial outcomes can leave hurt feelings, damaged relationships, and resentment. Therefore, they always seek to achieve Win/Win or at least compromise in interdependent situations.
HABIT 5: SEEK FIRST TO UNDERSTAND, THEN TO BE UNDERSTOOD. Borne out of a genuine desire to understand, effective people practice the skills of empathic listening. An empathic listener can understand not only the intellectual content of another person’s communication, but also the emotional content. In the process of communicating, they seek to understand using their ears (words), eyes (body language), and heart (feelings) while “rephrasing the content and reflecting the feeling” to the other person. Empathic listening is a critical skill for the effective person since it gives them a better grasp of the situation and accurate data to work with in seeking Win/Win solutions. Only after having first understood, the effective person can then present their ideas in a context in which the other person can easily grasp what they are communicating.
HABIT 6: SYNERGIZE. Grounded in the independence and intrinsic security gained from Habits 1, 2, and 3 the effective person actively seeks out alternative perspectives and possibilities presented by other people in seeking Win/Win outcomes. Effective people are aware of their own perceptual limitations and lack of information. Therefore, they are open and welcoming towards the emotional, mental, and psychological differences of others rather than threatened by them. Synergy between people (especially effective people) culminates into something greater than the sum of its parts. Two people working together can achieve something neither could have achieved on their own.
HABIT 7: SHARPEN THE SAW. Effective people maximize results through cultivating and renewing the things which achieve those results. The most fundamental thing an effective person has to achieve results is their own self. Therefore, under the guidance of conscience, the effective person seeks to renew themselves physically, spiritually, mentally, and socially/emotionally. Physical renewal is care for the body through exercise and nutrition and heavily relies upon the proactivity of Habit 1. Spiritual renewal is recollecting oneself in the center or core of one’s life and deeply informs the mission/purpose discovered in Habit 2. Mental renewal is the continued development of the mind through growing self-awareness, reading, writing, and organizing one’s life. It is closely related to Habit 3. Social/emotional renewal recognizes that interpersonal effectiveness (Habits 4, 5, and 6) relies primarily upon emotional strength, not intellectual ability. Therefore, an effective person renews themselves socially/emotionally by developing a sense of intrinsic security founded upon a life of integrity, healthy relationships, and service to others. Finally, an effective person realizes the balance and synergy between the the four human dimensions and the 7 Habits. None can be neglected without undermining the others; growth or renewal in any area cultivates the rest.