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The Franco Regime, 1936-1975 by [Payne, Stanley G.]
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The Franco Regime, 1936-1975 Kindle Edition

5.0 out of 5 stars 1 customer review

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Length: 677 pages Word Wise: Enabled

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Review

"With the publication of Stanley G. Payne's massive and eminently judicious study we at last have the means of understanding the man and his regime. . . . The most solidly based and sanely balanced book yet to appear on this difficult subject."--Paul Preston, "New York Times"

"The most substantial contribution to our understanding the political history of Francoist Spain. Its tone is gruff, its learning staggering."--Raymond Carr, "New York Review of Books"

"A reference work essential for every historian of twentieth-century Europe."--Robert Whealey, "American Historical Review"

The most substantial contribution to our understanding the political history of Francoist Spain. Its tone is gruff, its learning staggering. Raymond Carr, "New York Review of Books""

With the publication of Stanley G. Payne s massive and eminently judicious study we at last have the means of understanding the man and his regime. . . . The most solidly based and sanely balanced book yet to appear on this difficult subject. Paul Preston, "New York Times""

A reference work essential for every historian of twentieth-century Europe. Robert Whealey, "American Historical Review""

Book Description

Francisco Franco presided over the longest authoritarian regime of the twentieth century.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 3470 KB
  • Print Length: 677 pages
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press; 1 edition (27 Sept. 2011)
  • Sold by: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B009NZHEY8
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Word Wise: Enabled
  • Enhanced Typesetting: Not Enabled
  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 customer review
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #838,683 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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By A Customer on 19 Sept. 2001
Format: Paperback
Astonishing, really, that no one has reviewed this book, because it is surely the most definitive yet written on the Franco period. Payne never puts a foot wrong as he shows how the regime evolved over time and ultimately, by contributing to Spain's economic and social modernisation, sowed the seeds of its own destruction. It can be slightly heavy going as Payne describes what now strike the reader as the rather meaningless reshufflings of personnel and institutions undertaken by Franco. But it is an absolute must for anyone interested in Spain or 20th century European history.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)

Amazon.com: HASH(0x9c1ae75c) out of 5 stars 6 reviews
18 of 18 people found the following review helpful
HASH(0x9c1b742c) out of 5 stars Excellent Scholarship 5 July 2005
By R. Albin - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
This is a very thorough, carefully referenced, and clearly written narrative and analysis of Franco's tenure as the autocrat of Spain. Payne begins with a concise introduction to the relevant background of Spanish politics and the origins of the Civil War, providing a nice overview of the major ideological currents and which of these currents is likely to have had the greatest influence on Franco. Payne's discussion of the origin of the Civil War is probably the most controversial part of the book. His position, laid out extensively in a prior book is that the actions of the Spanish Leftist and Radical parties were the primary contributors to the demise of the Second Republic. Payne's points are well taken but other scholars have tended to emphasize the role of the right in destabilizing the Second Republic. Payne then provides a nice overview of the Civil War, concentrating on the politics of the Nationalist side, the development of Nationalist ideology, and Franco's role as the eventual leader of the Nationalist movement. The narrative of Franco's participation in and leadership of the Nationalist cause shows the qualities that characterize his whole career as the Dictator of Spain. Cautious, thorough, tenacious once committed but politically flexible, and a very good judge of subordinates. The Nationalist triumph in the Civil War derived to a large extent from Franco's military professionalism. While certainly not an outstanding commander, his competence and the unity command inherent in having a single leader gave the Nationalists a substantial advantage over the Republicans. Payne divides the subsequent regime into 3 phases. The initial consolidation of power and semi-fascist phase, a period of authoritarian nationalism with a strong emphasis on Catholic traditionalism, and the final relative reformist phase from about 1960 to Franco's death. Each of these phases is discussed well with a good balance of narration and analysis of the underlying currents. Payne does a particularly nice job of tracing the tortuous history of internal regime politics and the impact of external events on the regime. Franco emerges as an unusually capable politician who was able to balance competing groups within his regime and willing to make key compromises when necessary. At the end of the 1950s, it became clear that the regime's economic policies were total failures. Franco had the flexibility to accede to marked changes in policy that played a major role in Spain's subsequent remarkable economic development. Payne is thorough, dispassionate, and makes judgements free of rightist or leftist cliches.
7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
HASH(0x9c1b7480) out of 5 stars Splendid, objective and well documented 16 Aug. 2009
By Jose Sanchez Alarcos - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
[...]. However, since this is a book for the international market, I think that a praise in Amazon, made by an interested observer and born in Spain, should be more valuable.

Anyone interested in the recent history of Spain can reach a conclusion: Almost all the specialists lie.

There are different ways to lie:

One of them is having a previous political position and accepting, omitting or downplaying facts according to this position. Many specialists as Tuñón de Lara, Paul Preston, Ricardo de la Cierva, Pio Moa and some others could be under this chapter. Anyone familiar with the works of these writers can observe that the tendencies in some of them are opposite but they act in the same way. They have two different set of rules and the acceptability is defined depending on who performs the action to be analyzed.

Another way to lie can be involuntary: When someone writes about the own experience and, because of that, has a limited view of the reality, the final picture has only one side. That could be the case of Burnett Bolloten, Felix Schlayer, George Orwell and many others that write about their personal experience living in one side during the war. They cannot really know if similar actions happen in the other side and, thus, this is not commented and their picture of the situation could be strongly deviated.

The third one is worse since the writes lies in the name of the objectivity. The writer tries to keep a neutral position having in every single situation the same distance from both sides and, thus, forgetting who is in every case the killer and who is the victim.

Payne is different...and better. He tries to be objective but, in doing so, he does not confuse objectivity with equidistance. He tries to attach the objectivity to the facts and that's why he can critizice one side and, at a different moment, can criticize the other side.

Perhaps, Payne could be criticized about the name of the book. He starts before 1936. The book is not a biography of Franco but speaks even about his childhood. Once Franco starts to be a political and military leader, Payne gets more centered at his political activity.

Franco, as described by Payne, is not the kind of moron and grey character that many specialists have been drawing for years. Actually, he is presented as a very interesting man, able to outsmart his many opponents even when his appearance was far from attractive.

However, the book is not a favorable praise of Franco. Payne tries to explain what happened and why and, to understand that, a half-stupid Franco should leave many issues unexplained.

During the Civil War, both sides were critiziced from abroad due to the huge number of assassinations. The dynamics of this moment or what were the forces during the II World War and the resulting position for Franco and for Spain cannot be understood without studying the character, changes and actions of the main actor.

I would like to finish with a personal remark: After reading many books from very different writers about Spain during the XX century, I can say that this book has been clarifying for me in some previously unexplained issues.

Gracias por su libro.
8 of 8 people found the following review helpful
HASH(0x1e584030) out of 5 stars Indepth analysis 17 July 2002
By Paul G. Nordstrom - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
We tend to think of dictatorships in a very specific way. One man cannot rule alone and this book describes the political manuvering and the ideological underpinnings of Franco's Spain. I was surprised that Fascist Italy was the ideological wellspring for the Iberians. I found particularly interesting the idea of Corporatism as a means of organizing society.
9 of 11 people found the following review helpful
HASH(0x9c1b7708) out of 5 stars One of the finest works I have ever read 23 Jun. 2003
By Right Liberty - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Paperback
This is without a doubt one of the finest books I have ever read. I read it cover to cover and not only did I find it a fascinating read, but it was also a work which breaks down many preconceived notions about the structure and dynamics of the Franco regime. This, read with Hitler Stopped by Franco, will certainly change some ideas about the character and motivation of Franco. This book cites well from primary sources, and is certainly one of the best researched works I have seen on the subject. Any person who questions the motives or history of the Franco regime should read this book. (Especially if they have read the terrible articles in the New York Times lately).
HASH(0x9c1b7948) out of 5 stars I haven't read it yet, but it looks as ... 12 Jun. 2016
By Customer - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
I haven't read it yet, but it looks as if it will be extremely interesting for a reader who lived in Spain for one year. (1963 - 1964)
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