Amilcar Cabral: Revolutionary Leadership And People's War Hardcover – 31 Mar 2003
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Amílcar Cabral é um dos políticos africanos com maior renome internacional. Pertence à primeira geração de nacionalistas e, como tal, o seu nome ombreia com o de outros nacionalistas que, de uma forma ou de outra, ganharam notoriedade. Para além de político e dinamizador de massas, prerrogativas expectáveis em tais líderes políticos, Cabral posicionou-se ainda, e nessa qualidade tem sido lembrado, como um dos grandes intelectuais da África Subsariana. Estes e muitos outros aspectos relacionados com a história de vida, com o pensamento e com a acção política de Amílcar Cabral são exaustivamente tratados por Julião Soares Sousa ao longo desta obra. Para além dos conhecimentos que são apresentados ao leitor com a devida profundidade teórica e analítica, reputo ainda de particular importância o cuidado dispensado aos aspectos metodológicos. Trata-se de uma obra que (...) contribui decididamente para o aprofundamento do conhecimento sobre o nacionalismo africano nos espaços de colonização portuguesa e, numa acepção mais alargada, para o desenvolvimento dos Estudos Africanos em Portugal. (in Prefácio de José Carlos Venâncio) A obra inclui um extratexto de 16 págs. a p/b com imagens e gravuras inéditas em livro.
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Amilcar Lopes Cabral was born in 1924. He was born in the Portuguese colony of Guinea (now Guinea Bissau). He received his education in Lisbon, Portugal and was an agronomic engineer. While studying in Lisbon, he founded student movements dedicated to African nationalism.
He returned home in the 1950s, and began forming independence movements on the continent. He was instrumental in the formation of the PAIGC (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde, (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde). He also worked with Agostino Neto to form a liberation party in Angola, the Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA).
From 1962, Cabral led the PAIGC in a war of liberation against the Portuguese imperial forces for the independence of Portuguese Guinea and Cape Verde. Over the course of the conflict, the party won land gains, and Cabral was made the de facto leader of large tracks of land in Guinea-Bissau. In 1972, Cabral began to form a People's Assembly in preparation for the country's independent. However, he was assassinated in Conakry in January 1973 before he could see his country's independence. He was assassinated at the hands of Portuguese agents in Conakry, capital of the Republic of Guinea, whose president is Sekou Toure.
The assassination of Amilcar Cabral brought no joy for the Portuguese Army as the guerrilla fighters intensified their struggle. In March 1973, the guerrillas acquired a new weapon namely Stella, ground-to-air missile which effectively neutralized the air superiority of the Portuguese Army. In September 24, in the forests of Madina do Boe, the PAIGC unilaterally declared the independence of Guinea-Bissau.
Cabral's is one of the greatest pan-African fighters to emerge from the continent. His military successes in Guinea inspired other liberation movements on the continent. He remains one of the greatest Pan African that the African continent has witnessed.
It tells, in astonishing detail and good-research, the life and times of a now very much forgotten African leader.
The book brilliantly discusses:
1. Amilcar Cabral as an outstanding academic in agriculture and in political thought.
2. Amilcar Cabral as a highly admirable person whose charisma, insistence on fairness, dialogue and forgiveness were not only admirable, but actually cost him his life.
3. Amilcar Cabral as a nationalist visionary whose political party, later guerrilla movement, was the only successful military take over of an African colonial territory: in other words, he didn't negotiate anything with the Portuguese (given their reluctance to do so) and so won the war of liberation and unilaterally declared independence.
4. Amilcar Cabral the clever diplomat: his chess-player intelligence and foresight made him respected on both sides of the Cold War spectrum, at the UN and even amongs the clandestine opposition in Portugal. Despite his war agains portuguese soldiers, most of whom forcefully conscripted, much of the Portuguese society felt sympathy towards his cause, as he insisted regularly that the struggle for freedom in Portuguese Guinea was one and the same as the aspiration for freedom in dictatorship Portugal.
However, one unfortunate element of the book is that, given the overwhelming positive impression we get from Amilcar Cabral, almost nothing is said about his personal life, aspects that although not decisive in his political legacy, would have nonetheless made for interesting reading. For instance, his divorce and second marriage is not even mentioned other than a few lines. The author Patrick Chabal can yet bring out a new edition of this book and delight us with more info!