For All the Tea in China: How England Stole the World's Favorite Drink and Changed History MP3 CD – Audiobook, MP3 Audio, Unabridged
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"A wonderful combination of scholarship and storytelling"
-Guy Raz, NPR host "All Things Considered."
"With her probing inquiry and engaging prose, Sarah Rose paints a fresh and vivid account of life in rural 19th-century China and Fortune's fateful journey into it...if ever there was a book to read in the company of a nice cuppa, this is it."
"The plot for Sarah Rose's "For All the Tea in China" seems tailor-made for a Hollywood thriller...a story that should appeal to readers who want to be transported on a historic journey laced with suspense, science and adventure."
"An enthusiastic tale of how the humble leaf became a global addiction."
-"The Financial Times"
"A delicious brew of information on the history of tea cultivation and consumption in the Western world...a remarkably riveting tale."
-"Booklist," (starred review)
"In "For All the Tea in China," the most eventful era of the tea plant gets the inspired treatment it deserves."
-"Minneapolis Star Tribune"
"Sarah Rose steeps us in the story of Robert Fortune."
-"National Geographic Traveler"
"Pause to reflect that the tea you are enjoying is totally hot - as in, stolen! Nabbed! Ripped off! Nothing more than the subject of international corporate espionage!"
-"Chicago Sun Times"
"In this lively account of the adventures (and misadventures) that lay behind Robert Fortune's bold acquisition of Chinese tea seedlings for transplanting in British India, Sarah Rose demonstrates in engaging detail how botany and empire- building went hand in hand."
-Jonathan Spence, author of "The Search for Modern China"
"As a lover of tea and a student of history, I loved this book. Sarah Rose conjures up the time and tales as British Legacy Teas are created before our eyes. We drink the delicious results of Robert Fortune's adventures every day."
-Michael Harney, author of "The Harney & Sons Guide to Tea"
""For All The Tea In China" is a rousing Victorian adventure story chronicling the exploits of botanical thief Robert Fortune, who nearly single- handedly made the British tea industry possible in India. Sarah Rose has captured the thrill of discovery, the dramatic vistas in the Wuyi Mountains, and the near-disasters involved in Fortune's exploits. For tea-lovers, history buffs, or anyone who enjoys a ripping good read."
-Mark Pendergrast, author of "Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World." --This text refers to the Audio CD edition.
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Top Customer Reviews
Think about it the next time you pick up a carton of tea - you're dealing in stolen merchandise! In 1848 Fortune was tapped by the East India Company to return to China, somehow finagle his way into an area that was forbidden and bring back all there was to know about the horticulture and making of tea. At that time China had tea more than tied up - that country controlled all the world's supply and kept it hidden from foreigners. It was as simple a fact then as now - money. The British East India company was no longer in a position to trade, so if it could find out how to grow its own tea it would lose mega dollars (or pounds in this case).
Fortune more than rose to the challenge. His disguised himself as Chinese complete with mandarin's robes and pigtail. However, his physical transformation was not his most daunting task - he needed to swipe the plants, convince some tea workers to come with him and get all safely back to India.
Sarah Rose has compiled an exciting Victorian adventure filled with risk, danger and almost fatal errors. Fortune is one of our most fascinating historical figures, and a mysterious one. He died in 1880 and we read, "Little is known about how he spent the very last years of his life. For reasons of her own, his wife, Jane, burned all his papers and personal effects upon his death." What stories they might hold!
- Gail Cooke
Most Helpful Customer Reviews on Amazon.com (beta)
Robert Fortune was the son of a Scottish farm worker. Lacking the means to get a formal education, Fortune learned his skills from practical apprenticeship and obtained a post at the Royal Horticultural Society garden at Chiswick. His skill at cultivating rare blooms from the Orient in hothouses earned him a ticket to China at the end of the First Opium War. His mandate was to collect rare plants and study the botany of China. He almost died there. As he lay gravely ill, the Chinese junk he was on was attacked by pirates. Fortune roused, rushed up on deck and organized a successful defense. The incident illustrates his courage and resource when confronted by adversity.
On his return to London in 1847, he wrote a book about his experiences in China that became a bestseller. When the British East India Company looked around for a man capable of penetrating into the interior of China and obtaining plant specimens and seeds for purposed tea plantations in India, Fortune was the man they turned to.
This is a fascinating book on many fronts. As a story of corporate espionage, it touches on issues of trade and economics that are controversial today. The technology used to bring viable seeds and plants to India is astounding when one considers that sailing ships were the transportation means of that era. A spotlight is put on the opium trade, an issue that still resonates. Sarah Rose writes with a lively, clear style that makes this a hard book to put down. I recommend this book to historians, tea drinkers, economists, gardeners and corporate policy makers. Brew up a cup and enjoy!
This would earn billions for a British empire tangled in the opium trade with a restive China, and replace that nation's supply of tea with that grown by its more reliable subjects in India. This shift kept English domination, expanded globalization, set off quicker tea clippers to bring tea to an invigorated porcelain and clay manufacturing region, and would increase health standards as less beer and more water was boiled and then brewed.
Tea picking, she explains, is as if the topmost boughs and last couple of leaves of a Christmas tree were selected. Extremely laborious to gather, 32,000 shoots make ten pounds, nearly what a picker could gather in a day. Five pounds of fresh leaves produce one dry pound.
I found such details intriguing. As Vine offers a proof to read, I do not know if maps and pictures will be included, but no such evidence is in my copy. These features would have enriched the text, for while Rose tells the journeys of Fortune carefully, Western readers unfamiliar with China might have benefited from charts here. Also, the Sepoy Mutiny episode, however crucial to the hold of the East India Company and the British empire over India, appears tangential to merit its own chapter, however skillfully summarized.
Rose tells Fortune's own dramatic story well. As he wrote his own account, there is necessary paraphrase and citation, but largely we hear it retold by Rose rather than recounted by Fortune. Along the way we learn about gardens as incorporating the dimension of time into space, of Chinese "face," the sordid coolie trade, opium dens, Enfield rifles, pirates, and how Fortune gave his name to the edible fruit he found, Citrus fortunei, or the kumquat. His 13,000 original seedlings in terraria failed to survive, but another batch did, and from these, the Assam tea business and Darjeeling blends thrive today. He also learned what confounded earlier botanists: while green and black tea plants are harvested separately in different regions, the tea is from the same plant, Camellian sinensis, but only black is cured or "harvested." Cheap sugar boosted the British preference for a tea able to take milk and sugar, the black kind. But, the Indian Assam variety originally was too harsh for European palates, and a hybrid from the protected Chinese varietals was demanded.
Fortune's journey along the "Bohea" Great Tea Road is the highlight of this narrative. At the Wuyi Shan monastery, Buddhists cultivated the craft. Today, the Da Hong Pao type is still guarded by armed men, worth far more than its weight in gold. Here, Fortune found the seeds he'd sneak out that would become today's tea stock. It was a business even around 1850 bringing in $650 million annually in today's money, and out of such a lucrative commerce, Rose demonstrates, globalized networks began to extend that we rely on today with Asia and beyond.
The problem with this approach that I discovered shortly into the book, is that the entire work comes off as pure conjecture. On one page, Rose will note that there is little in the way of primary source material on Fortune's life - that his wife destroyed much of it, if it ever existed, upon his death. There is no clear way of looking into how Fortune was as a private man. On the next page she'll be describing how Fortune reacted or felt about certain things. Yet she repeatedly notes that there is actually no information to support how Fortune might have felt. How can you claim to be nonfiction when you are writing a story that is pieced together with your own imagination?
I suppose I could get past that irritant if the story itself was well written - but it's not. The writing style is jilted and wandering with occasional side notes that are unnecessary. Overall, I would not recommend this book.
The only disappointment for me was the end of the book. After the tea arrived back in India safely, I would have been happy to end the book. Because the remainder of the book was more dry and historical, it probably did not need to be included - except for completeness' sake. It was almost like this book was trying to be two things - an all-inclusive history of tea espionage and its effects on British imperialism, and the story of Robert Fortune. The story that grabs the reader is that of Fortune, tea-hunter. The facts about why the East India Trading Company was seeking out tea and hiring botanists to steal the secrets from China are very interesting, and they support the motivation of the journey. The portraits of the historical figures are revealing and apt. But after the story of Mr. Fortune ends, I didn't care so much about the rest of history.
What All the Tea in China is not is a history book. The author calls it a work of popular history and Fortune's travels are described as an engaging story rather than as a historical account. The reader is given glimpses of Fortunes thoughts and moods during the travels rather than just an account of what he did. Although I learned a lot about Fortune and tea, I was left wondering just how much I had learned at the end of the book. The author includes quotes in the book, but references are purposefully omitted although ideas for future reading on the subject are included at the end of the book. I wondered how much of the book was actually historically accurate and how much of what I read was fictional embellishment to bring the story to life. Was what I learned the true story about the theft of tea from China or was it only loosely tied to the true history?
The story itself varies from smooth stories of Fortune's adventures to jumpy transitions to accounts of happenings elsewhere in the world which I found to be a bit jarring. For example, the end of the book brings the reader to India where Fortune has just delivered his last shipment of tea seedlings and plants. In the next chapter, the author is describing the fall of the British East India Company due to riots over the introduction of the P53 gun in India. I found myself wondering how long did it take for the tea to grow properly and how did India get in a position to usurp China's tea production.
Overall, an interesting introduction to the theft of tea cultivation and production from China to end the Chinese monopoly on tea, but with uncertain accuracy and not the best writing. However, if you are looking for a true historical account of tea production, this book may not be for you.
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