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The dangers of 'plural monoculturalism',
This review is from: Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Hardcover)
Sen argues that British policy on multiculturalism is undermining individual freedom (that it represents 'plural monoculturalism'). It represents a classic debate on whether identity is (a) monolithic and (b) ascribed or chosen.
For Sen, it's not the specific identity that matters but its context. Meanwhile, others highlight those individuals who accept their identity as given (not chosen).
Of course, this always gets complicated when a national identity is involved. I agree with Sen's argument, though, that defering community cohesion to the community spokespersons lessens the wider campaign of civil society.