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Exciting insight to a lesser known aspect of Britain's finest 20th century statesmen,
This review is from: Churchill and the Jews (Paperback)
A pivotal and scholarly study by one of the greatest historians of the 20th century and official biographer of Winston Churchill into Churchill's very special relationship with the Jewish people and his support for the Jewish cause and the Jewish national liberation movement- Zionism.
Churchill's father Randolph was himself berated by associates because of his friendship with individual Jews.
Winston Churchill would take this friendship further into the public domain and was a supporter of the Balfour Declaration promising a restoration of the Land of Israel to it's ancient inhabitants the Jews.
Churchill saw the evils of both Bolshevism/Communism and Nazism and led the fight against both diabolical systems.
He rightly pointed to the cruel excesses carried out by Bolshevik commissars and foresaw the great struggle for the soul that would last to the current day between Zionism and Communism. The fact that the Zionist cause would distract young Jews from advancing Communism and give them an alternative focus-that of rebuilding the Jewish ancient home in their ancient homeland- the drive of Communism for world domination, is in my opinion the real root of the hatred of Leftist Jews for Zionism and Israel.
Churchill endorsed Zionism and charged Jewish Bolsheviks with engineering a world wide conspiracy for the overthrow of civilization'. While Churchill was correct to condemn Bolshevism and Jewish-born Bolshevik criminals, his description of Bolshevism as a 'Jewish movement' was an anomaly in his usual friendly attitude to the Jewish people, and was a gross exaggeration and generalization.
In 1921 Churchill visited 'Palestine' and at Gaza was greeted by howling mobs crying 'Death to the Jews: Cut their throats", part of the very early hostility shown to the Jewish people by the Arabs of the area, and fanned by the Mufti Haj Amin al Husseini.
Churchill was determined that British commitment to Jewish statehood and immigration into the Land of Israel would not be compromised by the drive to appease Arab rage as exactly would be done with the White Paper of 1937 by the great appeaser of 20th century history, Neville Chamberlain. Churchill pointed out that the Jews in pre-state Israel at the time were under unprovoked deadly attack in the 1920s and 1930s by Arab mobs, and urged the British authorities to protect the Jewish people of the Levant.
These attacks grew more intense in the 1930s with the fifth aliyah of hundreds of thousands of Jews fleeing Nazi persecution to pre-state Israel, as well as the radio broadcasts from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany which blew the flames of Arab rage against the Jews into an inferno.
Churchill was up against the machine of the British establishment in his campaign for Jewish rights in Palestine and was opposed by most of the British Cabinet at the time. Chamberlain said 'if we have to offend either the Arabs or the Jews, let it be the Jews' and Anthony Eden's secretary wrote that Eden was immovable on the subject of Palestine as he 'loves Arabs and hates Jews'.
It was Churchill who drew attention to the large scale immigration into Palestine of hundreds of thousands of Arabs, leading to a tripling of the Arab population in the first two decades of the British Mandate,
In 1938 quoting from the official British mandate census figures in Parliament at Westminster Churchill noted that 'in the past 15 years between 1923 and 1938 there had been according to the official figures an increase of 300 000 in the Arab population and 315 000 in the Jewish population.
Churchill opposed the infamous white Paper of 1937 that gave the Jews only a third of Western Palestine , a fraction of land [promised by the Balfour Declaration.
"Therefore it would seem to me, having regard to our wartime pledges, that it would obviously be right for us to decide now that Jewish immigration shall not be less in any given period than the growth of the Arab population arising from the animating and fertilising influence of the Jews'
Churchill warned against Nazi persecution of the Jews from 1933 and when the news of the mass slaughter of Jews during the Holocaust by the Nazis became apparent he warned that the Nazis responsible for these horrors should be put to death.
He also endorsed the call by Zionist political leader Moshe Shertok (later Israeli Prime Minister Moshe Sharett) for the Allies to bomb the railway tracks to Auschwitz, which was not ultimately carried out.
Roosevelt I learned here wished to qualify Churchill's statements on the Nazi atrocities with the word 'alleged' and Roosevelt too was talked out of supporting a Jewish national home in Israel by the Saudi King.
Churchill opposed as leader of the opposition Britain's senseless 'squalid war against the Jews' in Palestine carried out by the Attlee and Bevin government , and seems to be aware that this was the most shameful and despicable moment in Britain's proud and illustrious history .
He spoke against the British governments aid of the Arab aggression with arms and officers after Arab armies attacked Israel in 1948 and urged Britain to recognize the fledgling state of Israel.
On Churchill's 80th birthday on 30 November 1954, Foreign Minister of Israel Moshe Sharett wrote to Churchill "Your staunch advocacy of the Zionist idea, your belief in justice and ultimate triumph and your joy in it's consummation with the rise of an independent Israel have earned you the everlasting gratitude of the Jewish people."
An interesting aside in this book is that is that Churchill's father Randolph was greatly influenced by the Jewish Prime Minister of Britain, Benjamin Disraeli,.
Oner November evening in 1947 Churchill had fallen asleep while painting and dreamed that he was talking with his father. During the conversation Lord Randolph said "I always believed in Dizzy, the old Jew. He saw into the future, We had to bring the English working man into the picture"
Churchill would have urged Britain to stand by Israel while it is under genocidal attack by terror and world radicalism and also would have urged a better deal for Britain's indigenous working classes.