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Is There a Swarm in Our Future?,
By A Customer
This review is from: Out Of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World (Paperback)
Kelly goes on a wide-ranging journey through evolutionary theory, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and market economics; he admits that, if "cybernetics" was still in vogue, his book would be an update on thinking in that field. He believes, with considerable evidence backing him up, that our technological future will not be a Metropolis-like scenario of industrial gray steel; Technos and Bios are converging to create a neo-biological civilization made up of both humans and "living" machines. This digital culture will be characterized by the swarm, with many minds directing one superorganism. These trends, Kelly believes, mean the end of centralized control; our social and economic future will be decentralized and distributed, essentially "out of control."