A most challenging structure of thought,
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This review is from: Existentialism: A Reconstruction (Introducing Philosophy) (Paperback)David E.Cooper's Existentialism: A Reconstruction is just that.It reconstructs out of the many philosophers of Existentialism an imaginary amalgam and synthetic creature,The Existentialist,who gives us the line of up-to-date existential awareness,that is relevant to our lives today.In demystifying these complex concepts:Being-in-theworld, Being-for-itself,Being-in-itself,commitment,availability,Dasein,freedom,self-estrangement, phenomenology, epoche, directedness,intentionality,reduction,spectator,participant,project,The Other, proximal,negativity,ready-to-hand, equipmental,care,value,lack,alienation,'objective body'.'lived body',authenticity,bad faith,the Look,an object for the Other,herd mentality,mass existence,Public,they,facticity,transcendence,fallenness,salaud,ex-istent,choice, contingency,thrownness,given,Angst,useless passion,gratuitious,absurd, outside myself,open to the world, spectatorial ego,intersubjective solidarity,it clears up the subjectivist/psychological cloud it was under.Cooper unpacks this whole nucleur payload of meaning in calm,lucid, coherent,logical prose.
He also utilises the major works of Heidegger(Being and Time),and Sartre(Being and Nothingness),and their other works,along with Kierkegaard's several,Husserl's works on phenomenology,Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception,Gasset,Buber and Beauvoir's many tomes,Jaspers,with a sprinkling of Nietzsche's,also quoting from Wittgenstein,Marcel,Iris Murdoch, Maccquarrie and Barrett.Existentialism is viewed as the attempt to overcome various forms of alienation:from the world,from one another,from oneself.The early chapters describe the existential phenomenology,on the basis of which the Cartesian metaphysics are `dissolved'.Discussions of the self and of others,and of `Angst' and absurdity,lead into chapters on existential freedom and the prospects for an existential ethic and reciprocal freedom.Cooper seems to remove the soap bubble around Continental philosophy, placing existentialism within the great historical traditions of philosophy,arguing that it deserves as much attention from analytical philosophers as it has always received on the Continent.He demonstrates that Sartre
and Heiddeger have a lot more in common,despite their differences.