Most Helpful First | Newest First
2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Another excellent volume,
This review is from: The Cities of Pamphylia (Paperback)
From the author's Introduction:
"Pamphylia is that part of modern Turkey which faces south into the Mediterranean and is hemmed in by mountains in all other directions... To the west are the Lykian Mountains; to its east are the hills of Rough Kilikia, and the two highland areas are joined to the long high range of the Taurus Mountains on the north. The sea, the Bay of Antalya, or Pamphylian Sea, is to the south."
"I am attempting here: to reconstruct the history of this small area, which indeed happens to have some quite remarkable ancient remains, but which was never important in affairs at any time. The aim is, besides teasing out the regional history, to consider the effects of outside forces on the society of the cities: it seems to me that these are crucial elements in the region's history."
The chapters are:
P001: The Arrival of the Greeks
P015: The New Cities
P042: Intruders: Kroisos and the Persians
P069: The Effects of Alexander
P085: Hellenistic Growth
P109: The Effects of Antiochus IV
P136: Pirates and Romans
P152: Imperial Subjects
P191: The Effects of Christianity
P206: The End of Greek Pamphylia
Appendices, Bibliography, Index: pp233-257.
16 pages of colour plates.
Pamphylia was a (relatively) little enclave just out of the way enough to avoid visits by its bigger neighbours; apart from Alexander, who wandered about a bit and then went away without causing much trouble. It was inhabited by Hittites and "local" tribes, who were joined by Greeks before 800BC. Somewhere before 700BC a series of cities were founded - Side, Aspendos, Sillion, Perge, Magydos, Olbia and Phaselis, with Attaleia and Korakesion being added in the Hellenistic period. One of the surprising things about these cities is that there is no evidence for them ever being at war with each other - something you would expect if there were Greeks about. Apparently the mixture of the local peoples kept the Greek propensity for civil strife in check. They did get involved in external wars, but the cities appeared to keep a harmonious local federation going throughout their history. The great players of the period(s) make their appearances in the story, but at a distance, and the cities manage to keep out of the wars, or at least, keep the wars out of Pamphylia, by judicious alliances and tribute payments; even the Romans didn't bother them very much.
This is one of Dr Grainger's more academic studies, in that the footnotes and bibliography are quite detailed, but the text is to his usual interesting and readable standard.
Further recommended reading by John D. Grainger:
The Cities of Seleukid Syria
The Syrian Wars (Mnemosyne, Supplements)
The League of Aitolians (Mnemosyne, Supplements)
The Roman War of Antiochos the Great (Mnemosyne, Supplements)
Alexander the Great Failure: The Collapse of the Macedonian Empire (Hambledon Continuum)
Hellenistic and Roman Naval Warfare 336BC - 31BC
Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom
Note that the Osprey Fortification volume on Greek Fortifications of Asia Minor 500130 BC (Fortress) looks in detail at Side, Sillion and Perge, with detailed illustrations of the walls and other fortifications.
Most Helpful First | Newest First
The Cities of Pamphylia by John D. Grainger (Paperback - 12 Dec 2008)