5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
on 1 August 2007
This is a great little book that provides a good starting point for both children and adults to learn how to read, write and understand Egyptian hieroglyphs.
It's not a grammar book and this is probably a good thing for those just setting out to learn more about hieroglyphs. In the first chapter, the author explains in simple and straightforward terms how hieroglyphs were deciphered, and how words were composed and read. Then, through explaining the importance of names in Ancient Egyptian life, the book shows how hieroglyphs were used not only to provide the sound (pronunciation) of names but also the meaning behind the names. Both aspects were equally important to Egyptians and to us in understanding how hieroglyphs were used in ancient times but can still be used and read today.
Chapter 2 looks at people and their names, Chapter 3 at Gods and their names and Chapter 4 at Animals and their Names. Chapter 5 looks at practical examples of the use of hieroglyphs in everyday Egyptian life, from descriptions of the body and emotions, epithets and titles to greetings and insults. By the end of the book, using hieroglyphs, you will at least be able to write your own name, rename your pets, become upwardly mobile by upgrading your status to god or goddess and have a new and interesting way of insulting the next person who annoys you. There are even some tips on how to draw some of the harder animal hieroglyphs. Believe me, this is really useful!
The book is well put together with a lot of interesting pictures, illustrations and examples. It's a good place to start and I would recommend it. If you want to then go on and learn more about hieroglyphs I would suggest Manley & Collier's `How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs'.
4 of 4 people found the following review helpful
If you have an interest in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and want to learn a bit more without buying an entire teach-yourself course, this is a really good place to start. It will help you to learn how hieroglyphs work and would be a good foundation course for more detailed books if you decide to take your interest further.
The aim of the book, the author states clearly to "teach you how to write your own hieroglyphs", which is certainly a new approach. The introduction describes how the aim is to teach the readers to create a persona for themselves by examining ancient Egyptian names, titles and labels. The idea is to involve readers in a one to one relationship with the hieroglyphs, encouraging them to think about names and comments to enable them to engage at least on superficial level, with the ancient Egyptian way of thinking. McDonald says that by learning to name people, pet is possible to see the Egyptian world through ancient Egyptian eyes.
After the introduction, which explains how the book is to be used and discusses the importance of naming in Ancient Egypt, McDonald discussed the hieroglyphic script, briefly explaining how it was deciphered before looking at how the script works in practise. She covers directions of writing, the order of hieroglyphs, the sound of ancient Egyptians, the different types of scripts which were used and then explains how the hieroglyphic script actually functions by combining sound and meaning signs. She wraps up the chapter with a small exercise which asks the reader to write their own name using symbols from the single consonant sign list and a selection of determinatives, both of which she provides.
The first full chapter is entitled "People and their Names". In it, McDonald uses the whole topic of naming to bring Egyptian people and their beliefs to life: "As soon as a child was born, he or she was given a name that could serve as a protection. It could be done in different ways. The most common method was to link the child with a god". A chart is included to show how names were often composed as part of a formulaic arrangement which would include the name of the deity - for example "beloved of Amun". The goes on to handle the subjects of nicknames, family relationships, terms of endearment and occupations. Again, the chapter is wrapped up with a set of tools to enable the readers to create new names for themselves.
The "People and their Names" chapter forms the template for the next two - "Gods and their Names" and "Animals and their Names". In "Gods and their Names" McDonald looks at how the name of a deity reflected that deity's role in life, but she also mentions that some names, like that of Osiris, are difficult to interpret. The exercises at the end of the chapter encourage readers to 1) create their own demonic names and 2) to create a name for a sacred place. The "Animals and their Names" chapter is, as you might expect, rather endearing in places, and includes the terms for many animals that I have never seen mentioned in hieroglyphic form (e.g. spider, rhino, flea, lizard). McDonald looks at pets' names, animal symbolism and the use of animal titles in human names.
Chapter 5 is slightly different. It looks at words and phrases in ancient Egyptian, digging into how worlds are put together and what the construction reveals. There are also greetings, insults and laments.
It is an enjoyable book and I will find the vocabulary useful. It offers a different way of understanding hieroglyphs and how they are assembled into words that capture wider concepts. It only offers a very basic insight into the grammar of the language, which you would expect in a book of this size, and it does this most effectively. It is the ultimate absolute beginner's book.
If I had been given this when I was a hieroglyph-obsessed 12 year old I would have been very grateful, happy and hooked! Even as an intermediate Middle Egyptian reader in my mid 40s I learned some new facts and terms, and the book will certainly keep its home in my collection. At the price, with excellent diagrams, easy to read hieroglyph arrangements, pronunciation guidelines and photographs (many from the British Museum), it is a real bargain.
If you are just starting out and don't mind to start at a basic level, or if you have a bright and interested teenager on hand, this would be a good book to acquire.