Symington's position is that
1. rather than narcissism being caused by environmental deficit, it is the result of a choice being made to turn away from the other. And as it is a choice it can be unmade.
2. the internal sense of the `life-giver' is dependent on stable predictable relationships with care givers in the outside world.
It is these 2, but mainly the first, that enables Symington to assert that his is an existential theory.
The question is, just because Symingtons thesis involves choice and relationality, does this make it existential?
1. In spite of talking about `choice' his is not an existential theory because it is thoroughly embedded… Read more