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Unconventional Flying Objects: A Former NASA Scientist Explains How UFOs Really Work
Unconventional Flying Objects: A Former NASA Scientist Explains How UFOs Really Work
by Paul R. Hill
Edition: Paperback
Price: £15.51

1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars How alien aerospace craft fly and protect their hulls and users, and how their motherships travel between the stars, 4 July 2014
It is evident that Professor Paul R. Hill brought a lifetime of aerospace knowledge and experience from his career with NASA and its predecessor organisation to his analysis of selected reports of alien aerospace craft, that were mostly observed or encountered landed on or hovering over, taking off from or landing on, the surface of the Earth, or flying over it. He reached firm conclusions about how the smaller types of alien aerospace craft that operated relatively close to the Earth were propelled, and their hulls and any users protected, and proposed how the aliens' larger "motherships" might travel between different star systems.

Professor Hill concluded that smaller alien aerospace craft were propelled and their hulls and users protected, by what Marc Millis has called "synthetic acceleration force fields": "After Rockets?" by Mr. Marc G. Millis, MSc., who managed NASA's Breakthrough Propulsion Physics project and founded the Tau Zero Foundation, in the "Imaging the Future - Brave New Worlds" series of articles in the leading global aviation and aerospace trade magazine "Aviation Week & Space Technology", October 24/31 2011, page 76.

Professor Hill proposed that self-energised, larger alien interstellar craft used synthetic acceleration force fields for only a few hours when departing under high acceleration from a star system. The alien starships focussed and directed their synthetic acceleration propulsion force fields against massive bodies in space, such as a planet or star.

The starships' propulsion systems subsequently changed over to a form of rocket thrust based on force-carrying particles until a coasting velocity close to light speed was reached. Arrival in a star system probably involved decelerating using this form of "rocket thrust" and then changing back to synthetic acceleration force fields to slow or stop close to a planet or central star.

My own interest began when in the course of routine reading to keep up-to-date with scientific and technological developments generally, I first learned of the experimental and theoretical work of Professor Martin Tajmar and his team at "Space Propulsion and Advanced Concepts", Austrian Research Centers GmbH (ARC), now the Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (AIT): "Gravity's secret", by Dr. Stuart Clark, FRAS, published in New Scientist magazine, 11 November 2006, No. 2577, pages 36 - 39.

I read most of the original reports of the observations and encounters that Professor Hill discussed in his book, and (being only a technology lawyer with just basic, high school-level mathematics, physics and chemistry) tried to understand and apply some of his simpler mathematical formulae. After some practice, it became fun to calculate things like the mass density and mass of some alien aerospace craft whose dimensions, etc. had been accurately reported, and then try to calculate the amount of energy required for a particular craft to hover or accelerate at a particular rate.

Online tools and spreadsheets (e.g. Microsoft Excel) have greatly simplified calculations, and it is no longer necessary to hand-draw tabular and graphic outputs, as it appears Professor Hill may have done in the book. However, in the original edition it was stated that some "drawings are computer-generated" possibly due to the efforts of Dr. Robert M. Wood, another aerospace scientist and engineer, who was acknowledged for his "invaluable assistance" in preparing the book for publication.

Professor Hill completed the first edition of this book in 1975. This was the decade in which the output (journals, special reports, books, etc.) of serious, observation and encounter-report-focussed, international teams of what we would now call "citizen scientists" that underpinned the U.S.-based A.P.R.O. and the UK-based "Flying Saucer Review" reached their peak levels. However, the first edition of Professor Hill's book was not published until 1995.

The total number of subscribers to all of the serious, printed paper UFO journals in the English language that were published around this time may have been under 10,000 people. This contrasts with the availability online today, of literally hundreds of millions of citizen scientists who potentially, have the education and time to use the work that has been done by Professor Hill and many others to try to provide the new transportation propulsion and energy generation science and technology that humankind so desperately needs.

Discoveries of worlds around other ordinary stars - the exoplanets - began in 1995. In 2013, it was announced that three exoplanets were orbiting within the habitable zone of a single star system, and in 2014, that an Earth-sized planet was orbiting in the habitable zone of another star system. These and many other related observations and analyses suggest that Professor Hill was correct in his analysis and conclusions. That is, it may not be necessary to propose that alien craft and aliens come from other dimensions, through wormholes, from the future, etc. The popularity of such speculative ideas during the last part of the 20th century was perhaps due to reports of alien transportation systems and their users continuing to accumulate, while our astronomical technology was not yet advanced sufficiently to detect or image other worlds.

Professor Hill's work demonstrated that the aliens could have travelled in advanced spaceships to visit us, and anyone who is motivated to use their high school maths and science can check his analysis and conclusions, and go on to make further discoveries, and develop interesting and possibly useful hypotheses of their own. For example, many reports that describe alien aerospace craft may provide hints about how their synthetic acceleration propulsion force fields may be generated. In addition, simple calculations of the amount of energy required for the craft to perform as they have been observed to do, narrows the range of possible ways in which they might generate this energy.

Following the discoveries made by the Kepler planet-hunting space telescope and other space and Earth-based observatories, expert astronomers have confidently predicted that there are probably billions of potentially habitable planets just in our galaxy. Therefore, since many of these planets may be home to civilisations that are millions or even billions of years older than humankind, no possibility should be ruled out. The volume and variety of alien transportation systems, aliens, their surrogates, and their activities that have been reported, including the strangest reports, seem quite plausible in this context.

The strenuous efforts of aliens or their surrogates since at least the late 19th century to spread disinformation or misinformation about the real nature of their transportation systems (mentioned in more detail in some of my other book reviews) suggests that at least some of their science and technology - hopefully including their propulsion, hull and user protection, and energy generation systems - might be acquired, or duplicated, and applied by us in the near future. This in turn suggests that it is worthwhile to study Professor Hill's work and observation and encounter reports of the type he analysed.

I am not aware of any other book that comes close to what Professor Hill achieved, and recommend reading and using his work in conjunction with selected reports of alien craft, many decades worth of which are available in the publications of the teams that contributed to and operated A.P.R.O. and the "Flying Saucer Review", and other "citizen science" organisations dedicated to collecting reports about, investigating, analysing, and producing publications about the phenomena.

Many original reports and analyses are now available to purchase in books, on disc, or view or download online, as well as video and audio files of historical and contemporary interviews, news reports, documentaries, dramatisations, etc. of compilations of, or particular observations or encounters.

The paperback version of this 2014 edition seems to be a re-titled version of Unconventional Flying Objects: a scientific analysis, by Professor Paul R. Hill published in 1995, with a revised Foreword. I have not compared every page of the new paperback edition with the original book but so far it seems identical apart from the Foreword. Paragraph 2 of the new Foreword is old paragraph 4 without any changes, and paragraph 3 is an edited version of the old paragraph 6.

About half of the new Foreword discusses possible reasons for the difficulties that have long been experienced in bringing the study of evidence for UFOs, ETs, their activities, etc. into the scientific mainstream. Recently, this issue has resurfaced in a new context: the apparently anomalous objects and phenomena that are seemingly present in many of the images that have been published online, attributed to the cameras on the Mars Curiosity rover.

I purchased the first edition of Professor Hill's book in paper format in 2009, and my copy became so worn-out from frequent use that the arrival of the "immortal" Kindle version of that edition with the facility to search instantly for particular subjects, names, observations, or encounters, etc. was very welcome. Since the new paperback edition of the book seems practically identical with the old one, I have not yet purchased the new Kindle edition.


Unconventional Flying Objects: A Scientific Analysis
Unconventional Flying Objects: A Scientific Analysis

5.0 out of 5 stars A key work about alien propulsion, hull and crew protection systems, 14 Oct 2013
I bought this book in printed paper format in 2009, and my copy is now so worn-out from frequent use that the arrival of the "immortal" Kindle edition with the facility to search instantly for particular subjects, names, observations, or encounters, etc. has been very welcome.

It is evident that Professor Hill brought a lifetime of aerospace knowledge and experience from his career with NASA and its predecessor organisation, to his analysis of selected reports of alien aerospace craft that were mostly observed or encountered landed on or hovering over, taking off from or landing on, the surface of the Earth, or flying over it. He reached firm conclusions about how the smaller types of alien aerospace craft that operated relatively close to the Earth were propelled, and their hulls and any users protected, and also proposed how the aliens' larger "motherships" might travel between different star systems.

Professor Hill concluded that smaller alien aerospace craft were propelled and their hulls and users protected, by what Marc Millis has called "synthetic acceleration force fields": "After Rockets?" by Mr. Marc G. Millis, MSc., who managed NASA's Breakthrough Propulsion Physics project and founded the Tau Zero Foundation, in the "Imaging the Future - Brave New Worlds" series of articles in the leading global aviation and aerospace trade magazine "Aviation Week & Space Technology", October 24/31 2011, page 76.

Professor Hill proposed that self-energised, larger alien interstellar craft used synthetic acceleration force fields for only a few hours when departing under high acceleration from a star system. The alien starships focussed and directed their synthetic acceleration propulsion force fields against massive bodies in space, such as a planet or star.

The starships' propulsion systems subsequently changed over to a form of rocket thrust based on force-carrying particles until a coasting velocity close to light speed was reached. Arrival in a star system probably involved decelerating using this form of "rocket thrust" and then changing back to synthetic acceleration force fields to slow or stop close to a planet or central star.

My own interest began when in the course of routine reading to keep up-to-date with scientific and technological developments generally, I first learned of the experimental and theoretical work of Professor Martin Tajmar and his team at "Space Propulsion and Advanced Concepts", Austrian Research Centers GmbH (ARC), now the Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (AIT): "Gravity's secret", by Dr. Stuart Clark, FRAS, published in New Scientist magazine, 11 November 2006, No. 2577, pages 36 - 39.

I read most of the original reports of the observations and encounters that Professor Hill discussed in his book, and (being only a technology lawyer with just basic, high school-level mathematics, physics and chemistry) tried to understand and apply some of his simpler mathematical formulae. After some practice it became fun to calculate things like the mass density and mass of some alien aerospace craft whose dimensions, etc. had been accurately reported, and then try to calculate the amount of energy required for a particular craft to hover or accelerate at a particular rate.

Online tools and spreadsheets (e.g. Microsoft Excel) have greatly simplified calculations, and it is no longer necessary to hand-draw tabular and graphic outputs, as it appears Professor Hill may have done in the book. However, the book states that some "drawings are computer-generated" possibly due to the efforts of Dr. Robert M. Wood, another aerospace scientist and engineer, who was acknowledged for his "invaluable assistance" in preparing the book for publication.

Professor Hill completed the book in 1975. This was the decade in which the output (journals, special reports, books, etc.) of serious, observation and encounter-report-focussed, international teams of what we would now call "citizen scientists" that underpinned the U.S.-based A.P.R.O. and the UK-based "Flying Saucer Review" reached their peak levels. However, Professor Hill's book was not published until 1995.

The total number of subscribers to all of the serious, printed paper UFO journals in the English language that were published around this time may have been under 10,000 people. This contrasts with the availability online today, of literally hundreds of millions of citizen scientists who potentially, have the education and time to use the work that has been done by Professor Hill and many others to try to provide the new transportation propulsion and energy generation science and technology that humankind so desperately needs.

Discoveries of worlds around other ordinary stars - the exoplanets - began in 1995 and in 2013 no fewer than three exoplanets were announced to be orbiting within the habitable zone of a single star system. These and many other related observations and analyses suggest that Professor Hill was correct in his analysis and conclusions. That is, it may not be necessary to propose that alien craft and aliens come from other dimensions, through wormholes, from the future, etc. The popularity of such speculative ideas during the last part of the 20th century was perhaps due to reports of alien transportation systems and their users continuing to accumulate, while our astronomical technology was not yet advanced sufficiently to detect or image other worlds.

Professor Hill's work demonstrated that the aliens could have travelled in advanced spaceships to visit us, and anyone who is motivated to use their high school maths and science can check his analysis and conclusions, and go on to make further discoveries, and develop interesting and possibly useful hypotheses of their own. For example, many reports that describe alien aerospace craft may provide hints about how their synthetic acceleration propulsion force fields may be generated. Also, simple calculations of the amount of energy required for the craft to perform as they have been observed to do, narrows the range of possible ways in which they might generate this energy.

Following the discoveries made by the Kepler planet-hunting space telescope and other space and Earth-based observatories, expert astronomers have confidently predicted that there are probably billions of potentially-habitable planets just in our galaxy. Therefore, since many of these planets may be home to civilisations that are millions or even billions of years older than humankind, no possibility should be ruled out. The volume and variety of alien transportation systems, aliens, their surrogates, and their activities that have been reported, including the strangest reports, seem quite plausible in this context.

The strenuous efforts of aliens or their surrogates since at least the late 19th century to spread disinformation or misinformation about the real nature of their transportation systems (mentioned in more detail in some of my other book reviews) suggests that at least some of their science and technology - hopefully including their propulsion, hull and user protection, and energy generation systems - might be acquired, or duplicated, and applied by us in the near future. This in turn suggests that it is worthwhile to study Professor Hill's work and observation and encounter reports of the type he analysed.

I am not aware of any other book that comes close to what Professor Hill achieved, and recommend reading and using his work in conjunction with selected reports of alien craft, many decades worth of which are available in the publications of the teams that contributed to and operated A.P.R.O. and the "Flying Saucer Review", and other "citizen science" organisations dedicated to collecting reports about, investigating, analysing, and producing publications about the phenomena.

Many original reports and analyses are now available to purchase in books, on disc, or view or download online, as well as video and audio files of historical and contemporary interviews, news reports, documentaries, dramatisations, etc. of compilations of, or particular observations or encounters.


The Cover-Up Exposed, 1973-1991 (UFOs and the National Security State Book 2)
The Cover-Up Exposed, 1973-1991 (UFOs and the National Security State Book 2)
Price: £6.41

5.0 out of 5 stars Another fascinating study and analysis by Richard Dolan, 13 Oct 2013
In my opinion few other books in this field have better conveyed an author's excitement and passion for his subject matter, and demonstrated more skill in making an enjoyable and useful narrative out of such an astonishing volume and range of reports, analyses, and other material than this major work. This book continues Mr. Dolan's chronological survey and analysis of reports of alien craft, aliens, and their activities in modern times. He describes and analyses how political elites (focussing on the US), military and security services, scientists, the media, official and private sector investigators, researchers, analysts, and the general public have tried to deal with the challenge.

As in his previous book UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973 published in 2002, Mr. Dolan supplies key details such as places and dates of observations, encounters, meetings, etc., as well as the names of people involved. This information together with details of relevant reports, books, and other documents, and other events and data enables anyone to do their own further reading and research, especially now that so many original documents, reports, newspapers, books, video and audio files, etc. are available to view, download, or purchase online.

During this period (1973 - 1991) it became possible to better assess the activities of at least some aliens, or their surrogates. Already, in the mid to late 1960s, analyses of reports of alien craft, aliens or their surrogates, and their activities starting in the U.S. in the late 19th century, had suggested a pattern of deception, including the spreading of misinformation or disinformation by the aliens. These conclusions were perhaps most clearly and forcefully expressed in the output of the journalist, investigator, analyst, and author John A. Keel.

It seems almost certain that aliens or their surrogates masqueraded as human aviators in the US during 1896 - 1897, and again in 1909 (first in simulated "airships" and later in "aircraft"). If so, then in the last half of the 20th century at least some aliens may have disguised themselves or their surrogates as "astronauts" that crewed what appeared to be advanced aerospace craft. These aliens pretended to be exploring the Earth, although they often appeared to do so in a suspiciously random and desultory manner.

Also, from at least the late 19th century onwards aliens seem to have pretended to "inspect", "repair", or "maintain" whatever craft they were seen with or in, for example, "airships", "aircraft", or aerospace craft, in some cases requesting the assistance of people whom they encountered (or selected).

A relatively benign and hopeful interpretation of this deceptive behaviour is that we humans have the potential to analyse and duplicate their advanced propulsion and energy generation systems, and so it was important for them to try to disguise their transportation systems as being of human origin, usually at the leading edge of our contemporary science and technology at any particular point in time.

Unfortunately, if one accepts some of the conclusions of Mr. Keel, it seems equally possible that the alien deceptions, misinformation, and disinformation may actually have been intended to distract and confuse us and prevent us from discovering their real activities. These may have included the abduction of human beings and the killing of animals in what has been called the animal mutilation phenomenon. Private sector investigators and analysts discovered during the time-frame covered by Mr. Dolan, that the abduction of people was happening on a much larger scale than had previously been imagined.

It was no longer possible to propose that the phenomena only comprised the reported experiences of a few people who had undergone a single experience of being kidnapped opportunistically by aliens because they happened to be vulnerable and available, while they were travelling, working, etc. in geographically-remote areas, usually at night. See, for example, the experiences of Mrs. Betty and Mr. Barney Hill: The Interrupted Journey by Mr. John G. Fuller, published in 1966, and Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience: The True Story of the World's First Documented Alien Abduction by Mr. Stanton T. Friedman, MSc., and Ms. Kathleen Marden, published in 2007.

During 1973 - 1991 reports and books began to reveal not only the widespread occurrence but also the common characteristics of abductions, one of the earliest works being Abducted!: Confrontations with beings from outer space (A Berkley Medallion Book) by Mrs. Coral and Mr. Jim Lorenzen who founded and managed the A.P.R.O. investigation, analysis, etc. organisation, published in 1977.

Mr. Dolan also introduces the (possibly related) animal mutilation phenomenon, that was the subject of a 1980 television documentary, "A Strange Harvest", by Ms. Linda Moulton Howe (that may be available to view online, or to purchase on videotape or DVD), who also wrote the Foreword to this book.

Mr. Dolan discusses how alien aerospace craft were observed in the time-frame of significant political developments in countries such as Iran. While alien craft disguised as human-made airships were reported prior to and during the First World War of 1914 - 18, a major alien effort with some type of clear purpose was only readily apparent when the "ghost rockets", alien craft that simulated advanced versions of Nazi German cruise missiles flew over and sometimes seemed to crash in Scandinavia in 1946.

The aliens' intention seems to have been to make people in neutral countries or the West believe the "ghost rockets" were human-made cruise missiles launched by the Soviet Union (Russia). They were possibly trying to provoke a reaction from or provide some type of warning to neutral or western nations, undertake some kind of psychological or sociological experiment, etc. The ghost rockets were discussed Mr. Dolan's earlier book: UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973 published in 2002.

The UFOs observed much later over Belgium (where NATO is based) as the Soviet Union collapsed may have had a similar purpose, and are also discussed by Mr. Dolan in The Cover-Up Exposed, 1973-1991 (UFOs and the National Security State).

One of the most important books ever written in the field was completed early in the 1973 - 1991 time-frame: Unconventional Flying Objects by Paul R. Hill, a senior NASA aerospace scientist and engineer who relied in part on reports of alien craft, aliens, and their activities during the 1970s. Professor Hill completed this book in 1975, but it wasn't published until 1995.

During the time-frame covered by Mr. Dolan there was increasing criticism from within and without the field of the "Extraterrestrial Hypothesis (ETH)" that as early as the late 19th or early 20th centuries had proposed that the unfamiliar craft and their users that had been observed or encountered, had originated from other worlds. We can speculate now that this criticism arose at least in part because, although many astronomers thought that worlds orbiting other stars must exist, none had yet been discovered. Also, there seemed to be too great a volume and variety of reports of alien craft and of aliens or their surrogates, considering the obstacles to travelling between different star systems that had been detailed by some influential scientists and authors, for example: Extraterrestrial Civilizations by Professor Dr. Isaac Asimov, published in 1979.

However, the relatively recent, widespread use of a large variety of uncrewed, remotely-controlled or even partly-autonomous air vehicles, first by the military services and later by other organisations suggests that many of the reports of multiple, smaller craft exiting from or returning to larger craft were correct, and that these were in fact alien, automated or remotely controlled craft. If this is so, then this can help explain the large volume and wide variety of alien craft that have been observed or encountered.

Towards the end of the time period covered by Mr. Dolan the public Internet began to develop that would ultimately make many reports, analyses and books available online. The number of potential readers has expanded from often less than 2,000 subscribers globally, to the regular, printed publications containing the latest reports and analyses for a respected, major investigations and analysis group, to perhaps 2 billion today.

Mr. Dolan notes that even a major investigation and analysis group could have as few as 1,500 subscribers to its regular publication, and that sometimes publication ceased entirely. My own reading has confirmed that Mrs. Coral and Mr. Jim Lorenzen of A.P.R.O. reported that the number of subscribers to their regular printed paper magazine decreased from 4,000 in 1967 to 1,500 a few years later, although their subscriber base eventually increased to 3,500 by about 1975: Encounters with UFO occupants (A Berkley medallion book) by Mrs. Coral and Mr. Jim Lorenzen, published in 1976. The United Kingdom-based Flying Saucer Review reported having only 1,750 regular subscribers and 1,250 subscribers for its separate FSR Case Histories in the early 1970s, the decade when its published output reached its greatest level: "Flying Saucer Review, March - April 1972, Vol. 18, No. 2."

As in other fields of study the concept of "citizen science" undertaken online by up to hundreds of millions of people, could be a powerful tool for increasing our knowledge and making desperately-needed breakthroughs in science and technology in areas such as marine, aircraft, and aerospace craft propulsion, and energy generation.

Mr. Dolan's book also sets the stage for possibly the most significant development of all, the discovery of large numbers of worlds around other stars - the exoplanets - beginning in 1995, that revolutionised astronomy and by the second decade of the 21st century led to astronomers predicting that billions of habitable worlds almost certainly existed just in our galaxy, thus providing key support for the ETH.

The absence of succession planning which seems to have directly led to the closure of at least one of the most important private sector investigative organisations, the Lorenzens' A.P.R.O. is discussed by Mr. Dolan. His extensive coverage of the role of the security and military services highlights just how difficult it might have been to select and appoint successors who were not in some way connected with them, and whose identities, history, and activities are so thoroughly described by Mr. Dolan in this important book.

It is fascinating to think about how future historians, researchers, investigators and analysts, decades or perhaps a century from now, will rely on Mr. Dolan's work, and how it will be compared and contrasted with what has already happened, including in what is still our future, as the political elites, and security and military services of new major world powers such as China and India respond to the challenge posed by our alien visitors or residents, their activities, and their advanced technologies.

This review is based on a paperback copy of the book, published in 2009.


UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973
UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973
Price: £10.73

1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A modern, vital, highly-readable reference work, 11 Oct 2013
This book provides a detailed, narrative survey of reports of UFOs, USOs, aliens, and their activities between 1941 and 1973, and of the various people and organisations that evidently influenced or controlled how (or whether) such reports were assessed objectively, or even made public. The book achieves a good balance between including sufficient reports, and bringing out some of the key points of many of them, leaving the reader to do further research on those that especially interest her or him. The inclusion of relevant names, dates, locations, and sources of information, etc. makes it much easier for anyone to do their own further reading and research.

The increasing availability of some classic UFO books and journals referenced by Richard M. Dolan, the author, in electronic form, such as those that are instantly available as Kindle books at modest prices will greatly assist researchers, although this process is not yet complete. Many important books and journals are still only available in printed paper form, often only second-hand, while some are seemingly unavailable or too rare and expensive for most people.

Mr. Dolan makes a convincing case that a great deal of information remains undisclosed by the security services and the military of the US and other countries, which tends to have been confirmed by the release of some historical reports by, for example, the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) (in late 2010) which I personally found useful.

Mr. Dolan also makes a good case that the military and security services tried in various ways to discourage the making, national distribution, analysis, etc. of reports. Articles whose intention seems to be to discourage the discussion of alien craft, aliens, or their activities still appear from time to time, including in some globally-distributed, popular science or astronomy publications, and even in a leading, global financial publication.

It is fascinating that what seem to be human efforts that may involve withholding information, and even distributing misinformation or disinformation parallel what some aliens have done, such as their use of aerospace craft disguised as "airships" and what they said to people who encountered them or their surrogates that masqueraded as ostensibly human inventors, crews or passengers of "airships" in the US in 1896 - 1897. Many of the newspapers that published these reports are now available online, including on free-to-view websites such as the US Library of Congress "Chronicling America". The deceptive behaviour of many aliens in their contacts with people who observed or encountered them was perhaps best described by the journalist, investigator, analyst and author John A. Keel from the mid-1960s onwards, especially in OPERATION TROJAN HORSE: The Classic Breakthrough Study of UFOs copyright 1970 that is now available as a Kindle book.

Acting on Mr. Dolan's conclusions can also save researchers wasting a lot of time and effort. It may be more productive to concentrate on, for example, reports by private citizens published shortly after particular observations or encounters occurred, in local newspapers, reports and analyses published in private sector, specialist journals, and books written by those who operated or contributed to such journals (including the UK-based "Flying Saucer Review" and the US-based "A.P.R.O. Bulletin" that may be available on disc media or online) and other non-government channels.

This is not to say that those who operated the journals or contributed to them had no connections to governments, because important researchers, investigators, and authors like Gordon Creighton (Flying Saucer Review), Professor Dr. J. Allen Hynek, John A. Keel, Major Donald E. Keyhoe (NICAP), Coral and Jim Lorenzen (A.P.R.O.), Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, and Leonard H. Stringfield, were at one time or another government employees, contractors, or consultants, or served in or worked for the military. The modern researcher has always to assess how and to what extent this may have affected their output.

For example, Professor Dr. Hynek admitted that when he worked for the US Air Force he invented a fictional, natural atmospheric phenomenon in order to dismiss a potentially-important observation:The Hynek UFO Report published in 1977, Chapter 3 (It Can't Be: Therefore It Isn't), pages 34 - 38). His actions probably delayed the formulation and public discussion of ideas that could have relied on this data, e.g. that the tops of trees were seen to spin around as a UFO passed over them due to a synthetic acceleration propulsion force field (that may have been focussed or rotating) radiated below the craft: observation by a man and his two sons at 1300 hours local time on Wednesday 13 August 1947, in the Snake River Canyon near the city of Twin Falls, in the state of Idaho, United States, reported in the Times-News newspaper, Twin Falls, Friday 15 August 1947, front page and page 6, including illustrations of the craft.

A copy of the above-referenced newspaper report, and additional information including further sketches of the craft, have been made publicly available by the FBI: Office Memorandum to the Director, FBI entitled "Flying Discs" and dated 20 August 1947, file reference ufo_4.pdf, UFO Part 4 of 16, pages 39 - 44 of 77, at [...] Part 4 of 16/at_download/file

Unconventional Flying Objects by Paul R. Hill, a senior NASA aerospace scientist and engineer, originally published in 1995, discussed many classic reports and drew firm conclusions from them about alien propulsion, hull, and crew protection systems, etc. and ideally complements Mr. Dolan's work. Other works by Mr. Dolan include The Cover-Up Exposed, 1973-1991 (UFOs and the National Security State) and A.D. After Disclosure: When the Government Finally Reveals the Truth About Alien Contact.

This review is based on a paperback copy of the book, copyright 2002.


The Mothman Prophecies
The Mothman Prophecies
Price: £4.31

5.0 out of 5 stars One of John A. Keel's most important works, 10 Oct 2013
I think that this book is one of the most important works by the journalist, investigator and author John A. Keel. During the 1960s and 1970s he appears to have influenced the private sector to change their focus from collecting and analysing reports of what seemed to be alien craft, towards investigating and speculating about the behaviour and nature of what may be alien beings or their surrogates, and of the people who reported they had observed or encountered them.

Mr. Keel provided precise details of many of the places, names, and dates, etc. involved in observations or encounters, and of the newspapers in which they were reported. This is very helpful to anyone who wants to do their own research, especially now that so many old newspapers are being made available on free-to-view websites, for example, the Library of Congress "Chronicling America", or pay-to-view or subscription websites, such as family history websites or the websites of some major newspapers.

Mr. Keel included many reports of encounters by people with entities that often rather poorly simulated the appearance and behaviour of human beings, and were possibly autonomous or remotely-operated, manufactured biological, electrochemical or electromechanical surrogates for their controllers. Some were possibly non-material projections or holograms, etc. Some of these entities appeared to be capable of telepathic communication with people, but most attempted dialogue using audible speech, which they often did rather badly.

In their contacts with people many of these entities seem to have tried to threaten, confuse, mislead or frighten. They sometimes requested information but hardly ever volunteered or provided any true or useful information in return. Mr. Keel's investigations, research and analysis suggest that private citizens should avoid contact with the entities, not let them into homes or offices, or engage in dialogue or other contact with them. Given the frequency with which they have evidently been encountered, it is possible that our military or security services may have succeeded in capturing one or more of them, and possibly learned something useful.

Mr. Keel also studied in detail, reports of what were possibly alien aerospace craft analogous to our own present-day Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPVs) or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) ("drones"). These simulated or were disguised to resemble large extinct flying dinosaurs, winged humanoids, etc. Mr. Keel described how some people who observed them suffered eye injuries consistent with exposure to strong ultra-violet light rays, which has often also been the case for people who viewed "flying saucers" or other shapes of UFOs, that were not configured to resemble winged creatures, etc.

The ultra violet rays may have come from air molecules that happened to be in the path of, and were energised by, powerful X-ray or gamma ray radiation that alien craft may generate, direct, and focus to control the synthetic acceleration force fields that propel and protect their structures. More information is available in the book Unconventional Flying Objects by Paul R. Hill, a senior NASA scientist and engineer, that was originally published in 1995.

Mr. Keel covered in detail the "wave" of aliens or their surrogates or craft (including those disguised as winged entities, or human beings) that were reported prior to or following a disastrous US bridge collapse in December 1967. Other books have reported on waves which seem to have had a different focus, for example, one that possibly centred on a military facility that collected data from a network of underwater listening devices, but also involved interaction by aliens with people and farm animals in the area in which the facility was located, as described in the books: The Uninvited, by Clive Harold, and Dyfed Enigma: Unidentified Flying Objects in West Wales, by Randall Jones Pugh and F. W. Holiday, both of which were published in 1979.

I strongly recommend reading at least one other of Mr. Keel's books, his earlier work: OPERATION TROJAN HORSE: The Classic Breakthrough Study of UFOs. Mr. Keel also wrote many interesting and useful articles based on his investigations, research and analyses that were published in, for example, the journal "Flying Saucer Review" during the years 1966 - 1971. He continued to comment on developments in the field through letters to, and at least one book review for, "Flying Saucer Review" during the 1970s and early to mid 1980s. Copies of "Flying Saucer Review" are available to purchase on CD or may be available to view online.

The Mothman Prophecies [DVD] a movie (film) released in 2002, was based in part on Mr. Keel's book, which has also been titled "The Mothman Prophecies" or "Visitors from Space - The Astonishing, true Story of the Mothman Prophecies".

This review was based on a paperback version of the book: "Visitors from Space - The Astonishing, True Story of the Mothman Prophecies" published in the United Kingdom in 1976. The book begins with a quotation from the science fiction masterpiece Childhood's End (S.F. Masterworks) by Sir Arthur C. Clarke, first published in 1953, which has inspired and influenced many people; I have also reviewed it to celebrate its availability as a Kindle book.


OPERATION TROJAN HORSE: The Classic Breakthrough Study of UFOs
OPERATION TROJAN HORSE: The Classic Breakthrough Study of UFOs
Price: £7.49

5 of 5 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Operation Trojan Horse: a foundation for further research, 9 Oct 2013
When I first began to research and write about "alien" aerospace and underwater craft, aliens, and their activities I was lucky enough to discover this important work by chance, in a second-hand bookshop. It is very helpful for researchers and analysts that it has now been made available as a professionally-produced, electronically-searchable, Kindle book.

Mr. Keel's accurate references to particular historical newspapers, names, dates, places, and events made it much easier for me to do my own research, especially now that so many old newspapers have been made available online, including on free-to-view websites such as "Chronicling America" of the US Library of Congress. For example, I was able to research the reports of the alien aerospace craft that simulated "airships" in the US in 1896 and 1897 (and the encounters people reported with aliens that masqueraded as the airships' inventors, crews, or passengers).

I was also able to research Mr. Tillinghast, a US manufacturer who was evidently used by aliens as an unwitting "front man" for a campaign of disinformation spread via daily newspapers during late 1909 that involved flights by their simulated "aircraft". I was able to see for myself the similarities pointed out by Mr. Keel, with the way aliens had earlier used their legal representatives and other people they encountered or sought out, to spread disinformation about their aerospace craft disguised as airships via US daily newspapers in late 1896 and during 1897.

Our online access to increasing numbers of historical newspapers in searchable archives enables us to do original research on the foundations provided by Mr. Keel, for example, discovering a later newspaper article (New York Tribune, Wednesday, July 13, 1910, Volume LXX No. 23,250, page 3, column 5) in which it was reported that Mr. Tillinghast did eventually show a rather strange-looking "aircraft" (perhaps supplied to him by aliens) to a reporter and the secretary of the local Board of Trade (Chamber of Commerce). However, in order to have seen this article, Mr. Keel would have had to manually search through multiple printed paper or microfilm newspaper archives for over five months subsequent to the period when Mr. Tillinghast's (or rather, the aliens') activities were being most intensively reported.

Mr. Keel's view that the aliens (or whatever they are) are often deceptive in their dealings with us may have come as no surprise to some theologians or other experts on religion, or senior members of our military or security services, but it was very helpful to me when analysing some other encounter reports, and when thinking and writing about the subject from a non-para-psychological viewpoint. By this I mean using as a working hypothesis that alien aerospace craft and aliens (or their surrogates) may really be visiting (or resident on or in) the Earth having arrived from other star systems of which we now know many exist, including a system that appears to have three planets orbiting within the habitable zone of the parent star, announced in 2013.

I also strongly recommend Mr. Keel's other books and articles, such as his four-part series on the "ghost fliers" that complemented the material in this book, about what may have been alien aerospace craft which simulated the appearance of a variety of contemporary aircraft and were observed over Scandinavia in the 1930s, in the "Flying Saucer Review" in 1970 and 1971. Mr. Keel's considerable abilities as an investigator and author were demonstrated by the skilful way in which he collected, edited and commented on material that was presumably published originally in Scandinavian languages, in partnership with the Swedish researcher Ake Franzen. Historical issues of the "Flying Saucer Review" can be purchased on CD or may be available to view online.

A footnote in the last of the "ghost fliers" articles made me buy a book entitled The search for Amelia Earhart about the missing US aviatrix, by Mr. Fred Goerner, a well-resourced radio journalist. Mr. Goerner's experiences, and what he was told by people during his visits to the remote island of Saipan may be relevant to our field of study. He also met with and was encouraged by the famous US Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. A senior naval officer who was about to retire conveyed a message to Mr. Goerner that, "Admiral Nimitz wants you to continue, and he says you're onto something that will stagger your imagination."

This message seemed to me not only designed to encourage Mr. Goerner to investigate more deeply and widely, but suggested that far more was involved than the fate of a long-missing aviatrix. By commenting so strongly, to a private investigator and author like Mr. Goerner, Fleet Admiral Nimitz may also have revealed that there was a difference of opinion within the military high command or security services about dealing with aliens.

My experience is I am sure typical of the interesting discoveries that await anyone who is stimulated by Mr. Keel's work to do their own additional reading and research.

I think that Mr. Keel's work is ideally read in conjunction with books such as Unconventional Flying Objects by Paul R. Hill, who was a senior NASA aerospace scientist and engineer, published in 1995. I believe this book helps to explain some of the phenomena discussed by Mr. Keel, such as the various colours of the airglows observed around alien aerospace craft.

There are also articles, books and video works that explore the para-psychological viewpoint in more depth. For example, relevant articles appeared in the "MUFON UFO Journal" (that may be available to view online) such as those of 2002 by Mr. Chris Aubeck, co-author of Wonders in the Sky: Unexplained Aerial Objects from Antiquity to Modern Times published in 2009, which I have also briefly reviewed. I also recommend viewing a television program that may be available online, in which Professor Robert Bartlett discussed medieval reports of phenomena some of which resemble modern reports of aliens or their activities: "Inside the Medieval Mind, Part 3, Belief."

This review, which has only touched on a very little of Mr. Keel's body of work, is based on a paperback copy of the book published in 1971.


Wonders in the Sky: Unexplained Aerial Objects from Antiquity to Modern Times
Wonders in the Sky: Unexplained Aerial Objects from Antiquity to Modern Times
Price: £15.17

5.0 out of 5 stars Well-balanced compilation of historical reports, 8 Oct 2013
This book contains hundreds of historical reports that often closely resemble modern reports of alien transportation systems, aliens, and their activities. I believe that the book achieves the very difficult feat of summarising numerous reports from all over the world, made over a very long period of time, while including sufficient references for each to enable anyone to do further research on those that especially interest her or him.

As the modern era is approached the precision of the reports increases, probably due to the development of scientific astronomy using telescopes (from 1608) and regular and accurate reporting of unusual phenomena by ship's masters or commanders, etc. For example, precise reports by at least two observers on 9 July 1686 in north-eastern Europe apparently enabled the minimum altitude of a hovering and manoeuvring "brilliant object" to be calculated.

On 7 May 1761 the famous scientist Joseph-Louis Lagrange is said to have observed what may have been an alien starship in a polar orbit around Venus. This report is stated to be from "France" but Lagrange apparently did not move there (or at least not permanently) until about 1786; however I haven't consulted a detailed biography of Lagrange, or the issue of "The Observatory" (7 (1884): 222-226) cited in the book as the basis for the report.

More complex, close encounters also seem to have been reported and investigated in depth at the time, as the modern era approached. For example, on 8 April 1665 in northern Europe airborne, shape-shifting objects that resembled birds and then ships were observed, analogous to the alien craft observed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that simulated the appearance of our own "airships" or early aircraft, and later in the 20th century, of our contemporary aircraft or aerospace craft, submarines, or ground vehicles. Subsequently a "flying saucer"-shaped UFO hovered for several hours over a church and some of the observers became ill, possibly from exposure to powerful X-ray or gamma ray radiation from the craft that it may have used to direct and focus synthetic acceleration force fields that propelled it, and protected its hull and users.

The book begins with an inscription on a granite object dating from around 1460 BC. The first part of the book ends in 1879, one of the last reports being a summary of an observation on 22 January 1878 of a "large saucer"-like aerospace craft by John Martin, a farmer, north of Dallas, Texas, in the United States. As is the case for an increasing number of the reports in the book, readers can now view an original report of this observation online: in this case an article entitled A Strange Phenomena, published in The Dallas Weekly Herald, Dallas, Texas, Vol. XXV., No. 18, Saturday, January 26, 1878, column 4, page 3, freely available to view via The Portal to Texas History.

In the United States in 1896 and 1897 newspapers contained many reports of alien aerospace craft that often simulated the appearance of human-made airships somewhat more advanced than those that were being developed in Europe at the time. In the US in 1897 there were also reports of conversations between the human-appearing crews or passengers of such landed alien aerospace craft, and people who encountered them. Free online sources of historical US newspapers include the Library of Congress website "Chronicling America" and the Quincy, Illinois Public Library. Alien aerospace craft that simulated the appearance of airships were also observed over New Zealand during 1909, and newspaper reports of the time can be accessed on the free, official National Library of New Zealand "Papers Past" website.

The second part of the book deals with reports of what may have been alien transportation systems, aliens, or their activities including some that date back thousands of years or longer. For example, the ancient, epic literature of India that contains references to what may have been alien aerospace craft and advanced alien weapons is introduced in this part of the book.

The book also contains reports of aliens whose activities, such as abducting people temporarily or permanently, resemble those that have been widely-reported and investigated from the mid-to-late twentieth century onwards. Please see my other book reviews for my personal recommendations of selected books by qualified and experienced people who have investigated this subject in detail.

This review is based on a paperback copy of the book that is copyright 2009.


UFOs: Generals, Pilots and Government Officials Go On the Record
UFOs: Generals, Pilots and Government Officials Go On the Record
Price: £5.91

0 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Praise, comments, and other reading suggestions, 6 Oct 2013
This study is based mainly on selected reports of observations or detections of, or encounters with alien aerospace craft during the late 20th and early 21st centuries by qualified, professional people such as military or civilian pilots, police officers, etc. It begins with a report of a UFO "wave" from Belgium where various alien craft were observed and even pursued by military interceptor aircraft, beginning in late 1989. The accompanying illustrations to that report are very clearly-reproduced, which is characteristic of the high quality of the text, illustrations and photographs throughout the book.

Since NATO has its headquarters in Belgium the occurrence of the wave there while the Soviet Union was collapsing seems more than coincidental. The Belgian wave may have been a warning or a provocation to NATO, similar to the wave of alien "ghost rockets" that flew over or appeared to "crash" in Scandinavia during 1946. The ghost rockets were initially interpreted as being advanced versions of captured or duplicated Nazi German, early cruise missiles launched by the Soviet Union.

Also included in the book is a reported observation by a French Air Force pilot and his wife, of a disc-shaped alien aerospace craft near their home. Its oscillating movements and forward tilt before its rapid departure may provide clues as to its method of propulsion. Similar manoeuvres by other alien craft were used to help determine how they were propelled by a NASA scientist and engineer, Paul R. Hill in his book Unconventional Flying Objects: A Scientific Analysis published in 1995.

However, works such as Secret Life: Firsthand, Documented Accounts of UFO Abductions published in 1992 and The Threat: The Secret Alien Agenda published in 1998, both by Professor David M. Jacobs, and Abduction: Human Encounters with Aliens, by Professor John E. Mack, M.D. published in 1994, that focus on some of the reported activities of aliens in relation to human beings suggest that some reported observations of alien aerospace craft may actually have been partial recollections of the start or end of abduction events, as detailed in, for example, Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience: The True Story of the World's First Documented Alien Abduction, by Mr. Stanton T. Friedman, MSc., and Ms. Kathleen Marden, published in 2007.

Other exciting and readable modern historical narrative works that put selected reports (including the "ghost rockets" mentioned earlier) into a historical and political context include the books by Richard M. Dolan beginning with UFOs and the National Security State: Chronology of a Coverup, 1941-1973 published in 2002. Collections of historical reports of what may have been alien aerospace craft or alien beings or their surrogates include: Wonders in the Sky: Unexplained Aerial Objects from Antiquity to Modern Times, by Dr. Jacques Vallée and Mr. Chris Aubeck, published in 2009.

This review is based on a paperback copy of the book by Leslie Kean, published in 2010.


Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience: The True Story of the World's First Documented Alien Abduction
Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience: The True Story of the World's First Documented Alien Abduction
Price: £6.71

5.0 out of 5 stars Suggestions for further research arising from this essential book, 3 Oct 2013
I think that Captured! The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience, is one of the key published, written works about Mr. & Mrs. Hill's experiences, along with the reports entitled A Dramatic Encounter in the White Mountains, N. H., September 19 - 20, 1961, dated 26 October 1961, and A Dramatic UFO Encounter in the White Mountains, New Hampshire - The Hill Case - September 19-20, 1961, dated 30 August 1965 both by Mr. Walter N. Webb and available on the NICAP website, the book The Interrupted Journey: Two Lost Hours Aboard A Flying Saucer, by Mr. John G. Fuller, published in 1966, and An Analysis of the Fish Model, by Mr. Walter N. Webb, in the book Encounters with UFO occupants (A Berkley medallion book), by Mrs. Coral and Mr. Jim Lorenzen, published in 1976.

I was especially interested to read how a non-hypnotic cognitive interview technique was later used to obtain additional information from Mrs. Hill about her encounter, and the detailed information provided concerning two investigators who were apparently employees of IBM. These investigators evidently had previous experience, of similar reports to Mr. & Mrs. Hill's, because they asked specific questions including about the distances, trip time, and the average speed at which Mr. & Mrs. Hill had been driving during their journey, what occurred between two sets of beeping sounds that they heard, whether any new item they had purchased recently was missing, about their dog's behaviour, and whether the Hills were carrying any "nitrates" in their car (there was in fact a bag of bone meal fertiliser in the car's trunk (boot)).

We can speculate whether the aliens who abducted Mr. & Mrs. Hill were already aware of the possibility of disease transmission via particular fertilisers, and about what this might imply for subsequent reports of animals being stolen, mutilated, or abducted temporarily by aliens or their surrogates before being returned, etc.

It may be worthwhile trying to obtain even more information about these investigators, but to date I have only accessed a paper that is attributed to them entitled An Historic Report On Life In Space: Tesla, Marconi, Todd, by C. D. Jackson and R. E. Hohmann, International Business Machines Corp., Kingston, New York, 2730-62, American Rocket Society, 17th Annual Meeting and Space Flight Exposition, Los Angeles, California, November 13 - 18, 1962.

I realise that this brief review only touches on a very little of the extensive information provided in this book, which is essential reading for anyone interested in the activities of what seem to be non-human visitors to the Earth, in relation to human beings. This review is based on a printed paper format version of the book that is copyright 2007.


Childhood's End (S.F. Masterworks)
Childhood's End (S.F. Masterworks)
Price: £3.99

1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Childhood's End and the real ETs, 25 Sep 2013
Sir Arthur wrote Childhood's End in a simple style that was as easy and enjoyable for me to read at the age of ten as it has been throughout my adult life. The book overflows with exciting and inspiring ideas but they are always expressed clearly and concisely. There is no attempt to impress the reader with techno-babble or fantasy. The action ranges across the Earth from great cities to wilderness areas, from deep underground to underwater, and aboard alien starships that cross interstellar space to a home-world forty light-years distant. The book's ideas, the thoughts and words of its characters (human and alien) and action sequences drive the story forward logically towards a transcendental vision of our future that has been mediated by non-human beings.

The book seems directly relevant today, even though it was written sixty years before we discovered potentially-habitable exoplanets around other stars, and also before it was generally accepted by those who have researched or investigated the subject intensively, that what seem to be non-human beings actually visit or reside on our planet. The thoughts and discussions of the book's human characters about the nature and purpose of the aliens whom they call the Overlords seem uncomfortably prescient as we now struggle to understand the nature, purpose, and activities of the aliens that people have reported they observed or encountered. When the Overlords finally show themselves, their physical appearance seems to anticipate the research that was later carried out into folklore resources by Dr. Jacques Vallée and others.

The book's main protagonist identifies the parent star of the Overlords' home world by taking advantage of a social gathering around a high-tech version of an Ouija board. It would be spoiling the story to relate how he uses this information, but he does so in a completely logical if daring way. We can speculate that some real aliens may take advantage of séances, etc. to communicate with people, similarly to how particular aliens evidently communicate telepathically with certain people who encounter them.

Sir Arthur wrote that the visible light trail left by an Overlords' departing starship was probably caused by "the bending of light in the presence of a colossal gravitational field". He has his main protagonist suggest that the ships' propulsion systems require them to start and stop close to a star, and that when departing a star system they "approach the velocity of light in less than an hour." Sir Arthur might have been aware of Lieutenant-Pilote Jean Plantier and Dr. Hermann Oberth's ideas that UFOs were propelled and their crews and hulls protected by what we now call "synthetic acceleration force fields".

Paul R. Hill of the NASA Langley Research Center refined and expanded on these ideas using as a basis selected, detailed UFO reports, in his book Unconventional Flying Objects originally published in 1995.

This review is based on a paperback copy of Childhood's End published in 2010.


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