1) Critical thinking skills are not prized, thus there is only lackluster interest in important STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) subjects. (If you can't form a hypothesis, and work toward proving or disproving it, you'll never make it in any science career, let alone have any appreciation for the "connectedness" of nature and the universe.)
2) We teach too many subjects in isolated boxes. The Ivy League schools a few years ago experimented with overlapping Intro Courses for freshmen, showing how various disciplines overlapped and were interconnected. Freshmen reportedly had a better grasp of each subject, and could make better informed decisions on what to major in.
3) Our teacher training for K-12 is not that great, and even teaching graduates bemoan not having had more "hands on" experience before getting their first classroom.
4) Overseas teachers, especially in the Orient, have rigorous training and mentors for years. Teachers are also highly respected in those countries, and parents are fully involved to encourage their kids.
5) University/college instructors are a mixed bag in the U.S. Too many tenured-professors have never worked a day of their life in what they teach, so all they can teach is "theory". And graduates are saddled with thirty year loans for degrees that in no way prepare them to even start an entry-level job in that field.
6) Some people argue that university professors are only supposed to teach "theory", and let the companies hiring the grads mold them into "ideal employees" based on their corporate mantra. But the reality is, businesses don't have time to teach grads how to do a job they already have a degree in. And employers complain bitterly that graduates (even law graduates) don't have Clue One about how to perform a day-to-day job right out of college.
7) And our graduate schools are nothing but bastions of totally unrealistic Liberalism. They are now pushing the "currently attractive theory" that facts are irrelevant - that the narrative is what's really important. This disregard for the Truth shows up in everything, from our worthless lamestream media, to politicians as outright liars just "pushing/molding the narrative".
TENETS OF LIBERAL EDUCATION UNDERPIN U.S. GOVERNMENT
They teach that "Knowledge is socially constructed, and therefore the narrative is all."