The story of wine, one of the foundations of Western Civilization, is the story of religion, medicine, science, war, discovery and dream. The essential historical background and the key developments in the history of wine through the ages are outlined in this compact, engaging, easy-to-read and well-illustrated text, with lists of top vintages. For thousands of years wine mixed with water was the safe drink. It was a key ingredient of medications. The antiseptic properties of the alcohol it contains saved lives. Wine was associated with many religious rituals, some of which survive today. The story of wine involves scientists like Hippocrates of Kos, Zaccharia Razi, Isaac Newton (albeit indirectly), Louis Pasteur, and many others. It also involves colorful people such as Gregory of Tours and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Vines made their way to the Americas with the Conquistadores. Then wines almost disappeared in the late 1800s as Phylloxera spread throughout the world. This scourge was followed by World War I, the Great Depression, Prohibition, and World War II. Today, winemaking has enjoyed a renaissance and many excellent and affordable wines are produced throughout the world. Stefan K. Estreicher is Paul Whitfield Horn Professor of Physics at Texas Tech University. His fascination with wine, and the history of wine, dates back to a memorable encounter with a bottle of Richebourg 1949 while working toward his doctorate from the University of Zurich, Switzerland. He has been invited to lecture on the topic at scientific meetings in San Francisco and Santa Clara as well as at Texas Tech and Oxford University (UK). Estreicher has published over 150 scientific papers as well as several articles on various aspects of the history of wine.