Dean Borgman's When Kumbaya Is Not Enough expound on the theologies of various factors that influence the young person's life: exegesis of scripture, culture and self; growth and development; family and peers and finally theology in practice. He does well to encourage the youth minister to take him/herself seriously both in biblical and cultural studies as well as self-reflection. Borgman emphasizes the importance of a true and accurate exegesis even if one much turn to biblical scholars and theologians for help. Even more, for a proper exegesis, one must also be able to sufficiently exegete biblical passages, culture and finally, and perhaps most significantly, the self. Thus Borgman outlines 4 important questions at the heart of youth ministry: what's going on? Can we share stories? What dreams do you have? How are you doing to get there? These questions in turn move from past to present to future back to present.
In encouraging young people, Borgman reminds the youth worker of the foundational step of a proper self-understanding. Thus he writes, "if knowing ourselves does not lead us to serve others more effectively, then this study is surely in vain."
He goes on to write on the theology of growth and development and notes that "most young people will come to faith and maturity only as they share, grow and serve in positive and supportive peer groups." In view of this, the most basic support group of the young person, the family, has undergone and continues to undergo rapid change. In view of the realities facing family life today, youth workers, Borgman insists, must support and strengthen whatever kind of family exists around the young person. This includes understanding and accepting the full reality of vastly differing family lives.
Finally, Borgman touches on the theology of heart and hands. He writes that good theology should inevitably lead to healing and faith and faith commitment, forgiveness and empowerment, liberation and development.