Towards the end of this book, Kunananda quotes the German philosopher Goethe: 'Whoever knows others as well as himself, must also recognise that East and West are now inseparable' (p.211). In many respects the reception of Buddhism in Europe and America is a test case for this assertion. Is Buddhism inherently 'Eastern', unbreakably connected to the cultures in which it developed, Indian, Sri Lankan, Tibetan, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and so on, or is it capable of transition to a different set of cultures: can it become 'Western'? It has been said that bringing Buddhism to the west is like holding a lotus to a rock and waiting for it to take root. In actuality Buddhism has already become western, and is now the fastest growing religion in France and Australia, but at what cost to its integrity? How has its encounter with the west changed it into something new? Kulananda provides an insightful map of this new territory, both introducing key Buddhist concepts and showing how the dharma has adapted to each new culture it has encountered. He consistently combines intelligence with readability as he offers an overview of 'western Buddhism', warts and all. I found the chapter on Buddhism and the cultural self-doubt of the west particularly interesting. Coming from the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order, kulananda is less dispassionate about this group than about some others, but this mainly serves to give credence to the lived experience out of which he writes. I cannot fault this book, but it did make me wonder whether the concepts of 'eastern' and 'western' will continue to have much credibility in the twenty-first century. There is surely something perverse about western capitalism's systematic destruction of traditional Buddhist cultures such as that of Thailand, at the same time that Thai forest Buddhism is gaining increasing numbers of western converts. In this transnational cultural exchange, why is it that the west gets religion but the east gets economics? In this context, Kulananda is surely charting not 'east' or 'west' but Buddhism as a global phenomenon, whose future, as that of the planet, is unknown.