The Tortoise Trust Guide to Tortoises & Turtles is a comprehensive and highly practical guide to the captive husbandry of tortoises and turtles. Unlike many texts, the information here is well researched, accurate, and based upon years of practical field, rescue centre and zoo experience by acknowledged experts in the field. The advice on which species are most suitable as potential pets is comprehensive, and takes into account local climatic conditions as well as space requirements. The various kinds of housing demanded by differing species is discussed in detail. Feeding is another topic that causes much confusion, and again, this text not only provides practical advice on diets for various species, but explains why these species need to be treated differently. Commonplace nutritional disorders and their causes are highlighted, for example, the causes and prevention of shell deformities. You will find reliable advice on feeding chelonia from arid, rainforest and aquatic environments, including how and when to use vitamin and mineral supplements and the importance of UVB lighting and natural sunlight. Also featured is advice on how to hibernate tortoises safely, and details of which species do and do not hibernate. The health care section is especially comprehensive, detailed, and up-to-date, with an emphasis on prevention and the avoidance of cross-infections and behavioural related injuries through mixing incompatible species. Captive breeding is also covered, with guidelines on constructing and using incubators, as well as advice on hatchling care and rearing. All in all, the Tortoise Trust Guide remains one of THE classic texts on this topic and one which has been highly commended by Tortoise and Turtle societies worldwide. This 4th Edition includes a significant amount of new information based upon recent studies in the wild, and extensive laboratory trials and comparisons of various housing and lighting systems. Written in a very straightforward and accessible style, it nonetheless packs in a wide range of subject matter that will be of interest to keepers of all levels.