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Is This Not The Carpenter?: The Question of the Historicity of the Figure of Jesus (Copenhagen International Seminar) [Paperback]

Thomas L. Thompson , Thomas S. Verenna
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
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Book Description

18 Aug 2014 Copenhagen International Seminar

The historicity of Jesus is now widely accepted and hardly questioned by most scholars. But this assumption disarms biblical texts of much of their power by privileging an historical interpretation which effectively sweeps aside much theological speculation and allusion. Furthermore, the assumption of historicity gathers further assumptions to it, shaping the interpretation of texts, both denying and adding subtext. Scholars are now faced with an endless array of works on the historical Jesus and few question what has been lost through this wide-spread assumption of historicity. Is This Not the Carpenter? presents a very valuable corrective: a literary rereading of the New Testament.



Product details

  • Paperback: 296 pages
  • Publisher: Routledge; Reprint edition (18 Aug 2014)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1844657299
  • ISBN-13: 978-1844657292
  • Product Dimensions: 23.1 x 15.5 x 1.3 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 1,039,308 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
  • See Complete Table of Contents

More About the Author

T.S. Verenna is an amateur historian who has been researching the Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman Periods for seven years and the ancient Near East for five years. He is the author of the book Of Men and Muses: Essays on History, Literature, and Religion (2009) and has co-edited the collection of essays 'Is This Not the Carpenter?': The Question of the Historicity of the Figure of Jesus (2012) with Th. L. Thompson

In addition to these collections, T.S. is also writing a monograph on the intertextuality of the Gospels and working on a new book project about the unreliability of ancient textual sources. T.S. is currently studying at Rutgers University and is double-majoring in classical languages and ancient history.

Academia.edu Profile: http://rutgers.academia.edu/ThomasVerenna
CV: http://rutgers.academia.edu/ThomasVerenna/CurriculumVitae

Product Description

Review

'An important example of what we need more of: serious scholarly examinations and debates on the historicity of Jesus and what methods to use in resolving it. It includes papers that for specialists are required reading on this topic.' --Richard Carrier, author of 'Proving History: Bayes's Theorem and the Quest for the Historical Jesus'.

'Marks an important milestone in the debate concerning mythicism in New Testament scholarship.' --Thomas Bolin, St Norbert College, Wisconsin, USA

'This volume contributes to a crucial development, namely moving historical investigation beyond the usual restrictions of the historical critical method, particularly beyond reliance on the theory of oral tradition, and bringing it into new terrain, especially that of literature.' --Thomas L. Brodie, Dominican Biblical Institute, Limerick

About the Author

Thomas L. Thompson is Professor emeritus, University of Copenhagen.

Thomas S. Verenna is an independent researcher and student at Rutgers University.


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3 of 3 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Jesus the carpenter, but was he? 22 Jan 2013
By Mithra
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
There seems to have been an explosion of interest in the myth hypothesis of Christian origins of late, of which this is the latest work I have read on the subject. The first thing to be said about this academically oriented collection of papers is that to appreciate many of them some knowledge of the subject matter is essential, without this the impact of the contributors', for the most part academics with the relevant qualifications, arguments cannot be fully appreciated, or, dare I suggest?, understood.

This is a book for people with a serious interest in the arguments for the myth hypothesis, The contributors provide the all important scholarly references which point readers in the direction of additional source material, or further clarify points the writers are making, or the reasons why. I found it of value that these reference appear at the bottom of the pages rather than be grouped at the read or the papers or the book. A general index would have been of value, although there is an index of references and one of authors.

Essentially, a book intended, I suspect, for hostile academics and one to be read thoughtfully in order to appreciate the impact of its arguments.
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Amazon.com: 4.6 out of 5 stars  5 reviews
15 of 17 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars An Important Milestone in this Debate 19 July 2012
By Hopeless Anglophile - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
The question of whether or not any historical figure lies behind the early Christian literary
portrayals of Jesus of Nazareth has occupied a strange place in the history of New Testament scholarship.
On the one hand, those who argued that Jesus is a fictional creation of the evangelists were long
ostracized from both the academy and the church (two entities with multiple overlapping constituencies).
On the other hand, the question at the root of mythicist project is the same that underlies much of
mainstream New Testament scholarship, namely how much early Christian theological concerns have
influenced the content of the canonical Gospels.

This collection represents the best discussion of this issue now available. Both established and up
and coming scholars from around the world address the mythicist question from a variety of different
perspectives and methodologies. Most importantly, the individual contributions are not uniform in their
conclusions concerning the historicity of Jesus. Some scholars argue for the existence of Jesus of
Nazareth (e.g., Grabbe, Müller), others against (e.g., Noll, Price), and still others opt not to decide (e.g.,
Thompson, Verenna). Two important features to this collection are the group of essays focusing on the
role of the Pauline corpus in the debate over the historicity of Jesus and the critical interaction in several
of the essays with Richard Bauckham's recent large monograph arguing for an eyewitness tradition
behind the canonical Gospels.

Space prohibits a detailed discussion of each essay, and thus a few remarks on some of the more
particularly interesting and provocative contributions will have to suffice. Roland Boer's retrieval of the
role of history, religion and the state in Germany in the historical Jesus debate in 19th Century Germany
("The German Pestilence: Re-assessing Feuerbach, Strauss and Bauer") makes clear the long shadows
cast by the fierce intellectual conflicts surrounding the Tübingen School. It should be read in tandem with
Michael Legaspi's excellent study of the rise of historical critical scholarship in the Old Testament at
Göttingen in the late 18th Century (The Death of Scripture and the Rise of Biblical Studies [Oxford/New
York: Oxford University Press, 2010) for the proper historical causes of the present shape of critical
biblical studies. Thomas Verenna's analysis of whether Paul need have known anything about a historical
Jesus in order to construct his theology is an outstanding discussion of Pauline texts, relevant Greco-
Roman parallels, and careful historical methodology. Joshua Sabih, a Qur'anic scholar, offers a
fascinating discussion of the material about Jesus in the Qur'an, and makes a well-argued for this material
to be independent of anything in the Christian tradition. Sabih's essay should spur biblical exegetes to do
more in looking at Qur'anic texts alongside the Bible, part of the larger comparative project called for by
Jonathan Z. Smith some four years ago ("Religion and Bible," JBL 128 [2009] 5-27). The final essay in
the volume, that of Kurt Noll ("Investigating Earliest Christianity without Jesus") is a fascinating exercise
in imagining how Christianity could have succeeded without there being a Jesus. Noll draws upon
Darwinian evolutionary thought, as filtered through Richard Dawkins' notion of memes to construct an
alternative history of the rise of Christianity, and regardless of where one stands on the issue of Jesus'
historicity, Noll's reconstruction will have to be reckoned with.

This well-edited and attractive volume marks an important milestone in the debate concerning
mythicism in New Testament scholarship, and it is to be hoped that others like it will follow.
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars The Way the Discussion Must Move Forward 17 Sep 2013
By Aaron Adair - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback
This volume by Thompson and Verenna should help actually put the discussion of not simply the study of the historical Jesus but the very question of the historicity of Jesus into the scholarly form that it needs. Much of the materials the Internet provides to this question is simply not worth the time of day, and it is even worse with misinformation that has to be unlearned. Not so here with its authors acting professionally and scholastically.

Some of the chapters provide background to the scholarship, such as 19th century debates and how the ways things were argued had much to thank from its cultural background. The last chapter provides a research paradigm to discuss the evolution of Christianity whether or not Jesus existed or did any of the things he was alleged to have done. In between we find some of the discussions about the nature of the evidence concerning the figure of Jesus: the letters of Paul and their relation to a historical figure, the non-Christian witnesses to Jesus, and literary nature of the Gospels. While not all of the arguments will be convincing, the chapters showcase some of the best arguments one is likely to see from either side.

Of course, because of the complexity of the evidence, any one of the discussions in a given chapter could be its own book. But that is why this volume needs to be the start of the discussion. Not only on points of evidence but also of method. The approach to the letters of Paul, for example, can produce very different results concerning a historical Jesus figure. Weighing which approach is the better (rather than just getting the desired result) is going to be a major dialogue, but it does well to start it here.

I provide a fuller review here: [...]

Since this volume is now in paperback it is affordable to a large audience. Some chapters may require more background in biblical studies to understand and appreciate, but it seems to me that it is accessible to those that are interested in a subject that almost certainly will remain of interest to scholars and laypeople alike: who was Jesus, if he was at all?
11 of 16 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars An interesting compendium 13 Aug 2012
By Roo.Bookaroo - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
On a scholarly note, this is the presentation by Publisher Equinox:

Description
The historicity of Jesus is now widely accepted and hardly questioned by most scholars. But this assumption disarms biblical texts of much of their power by privileging an historical interpretation which effectively sweeps aside much theological speculation and allusion. Furthermore, the assumption of historicity gathers further assumptions to it, shaping the interpretation of texts, both denying and adding subtext. Scholars are now faced with an endless array of works on the historical Jesus and few question what has been lost through this wide-spread assumption of historicity. Is This Not the Carpenter? presents a very valuable corrective: a literary rereading of the New Testament.

Contents
Introduction: Thomas L. Thompson and Thomas Verenna

Into the Well of Historical Jesus Scholarship

1. Jim West (Quartz Hill School of Theology) - A Very, Very Short Introduction to Minimalism
2. Roland Boer (University of Newcastle) - The German Pestilence: Re-assessing Feuerbach, Strauss and Bauer
3. Lester L. Grabbe (University of Hull) - "Jesus Who is Called Christ": References to Jesus Outside Christian Sources
4. Niels Peter Lemche (University of Copenhagen) - The Grand Inquisitor and Christ: Why the Church Doesn't Want Jesus
5 Emanuel Pfoh (National University of La Plata) - Jesus and the Mythic Mind: An Epistemological Problem

Paul and Early Christianity: Historical and Exegetical Investigations

6 Robert M. Price (Johnnie Colemon Theological Seminary) - Does the Christ Myth Theory Require an Early Date for the Pauline Epistles?
7. Mogens Müller (University of Copenhagen) - Paul: The Oldest Witness to the Historical Jesus
8. Thomas S. Verenna - Born Under the Law: Intertextuality and the Question of the Historicity of the Figure of Jesus in Paul's Epistles

The Rewritten Bible and the Life of Jesus

9. James Crossley (University of Sheffield) - Can John's Gospel Really Be Used to Reconstruct a Life of Jesus? An Assessment of Recent Trends and a Defence of a Traditional View
10. Thomas L. Thompson - Psalm 72 and Mark 1:12-13: Mythic Evocation in Narratives of the Good King
11. Ingrid Hjelm (University of Copenhagen) "Who is my Neighbor?" Implicit Use of Old Testament Stories and Motifs in Luke's Gospel
12. Joshua Sabih (University of Copenhagen) - Born Isa and Baptized Jesus: The Quranic Narratives about Isa
13. K. L. Noll (Brandon University) - Investigating Earliest Christianity Without Jesus
5.0 out of 5 stars No, he was not a carpenter. 26 Aug 2014
By Amazon Customer - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
For those who want to hear the arguments of whether Jesus was a historical person, this is a must read. I really enjoyed the diversity of the book. No crack shots or polemics, just some solid scholarship. I came in believing that Jesus was possibly not an historical figure, but now I am back on the fence again. Hehe. Don't get me wrong, there is no doubt, in my mind, that the Jesus presented in the NT never walked the face of the earth, but did he actually exist..hmm..I don't know. Get the book and decide for yourself. I really enjoyed each scholars presentation. The last one by K.L. Knoll is the one that got me back on the fence again. Great book.
11 of 17 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Good for laypeople, not just scholars 23 July 2012
By Hambydammit - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
For lay readers, section 1 is a must-read. Beginning with Jim West, who lays out an easily understood framework for viewing the Gospels as mythical writing, with no pretense at historical accuracy, these essays will challenge the "common sense" wisdom that Jesus must have existed. Niels Peter Lemche's essay is also an important read for the armchair enthusiast, as it provides a sobering look at the open animosity and sometimes vitriolic opposition to even the suggestion that the Gospels are not, in fact, historical documents, and that perhaps Jesus was a mythologized, or even entirely invented character.

With a reasonably sound understanding of mythicism and minimalism under his belt, the casual reader will find some very compelling arguments for this kind of reading of the Bible in section 2. In particular, the essays by Mogens Müller and Thomas Verenna are must-reads. The relationship between the Pauline Epistles and the Gospels is one of the central battlegrounds between historicists, mythicists, and agnostics, and these two essays illustrate the differences of opinion very well (with Müller arguing for the Epistle author's knowledge of Jesus' earthly life and Verenna arguing against it). Neither essay is an easy read for non-historians, nor are they intended to be, but together, they are an important illustration of the differences of opinion regarding methodology. Verenna argues:

In order to avoid the problems associated with this sort of investigation... the reader should be reminded that the question, 'why has this story been written?' can never be answered with 'because it happened.' Some questions need to be asked as a result: (1) 'What is the literature if it is not history?' (2) 'Why is this story being told?' (3) What is the reader required to believe?' and (4) 'Why should it be believed?'

Verenna goes on to argue (convincingly, by this reader's estimation) that Paul's "constant appeal to direct revelation, his desire to infuse Scripture into nearly every theological point he makes, should direct the reader to pause..." before blindly accepting the notion that Paul knew of an earthly Jesus. He addresses Paul's references to Jesus' crucifixion, drawing a distinction between two linguistic subtleties, and whether or not the broad context of passages related to the crucifixion are more parsimoniously explained as a "spiritual renewal or rebirth" or a historical event on earth. He also takes on the "consensus" view that Paul makes a direct reference to Jesus' earthly brother, James, and offers perhaps not a lock-tight rebuttal, but at least a question that must be answered before James can be argued as a proof of Jesus' earthly existence.

Section 3 delves into the Gospels themselves. For the lay-reader, James Crossley's defense of the position that John is a fabrication will be of special interest, as will Thomas L. Thompson's illustration of Jesus' temptation as a moral allegory. Threading through many Old Testament books, including Jeremiah, from which comes the tempter's offer for Jesus to create bread from stones, Thompson clearly articulates the kind of argument common to those scholars who view the Gospels as having little (if anything) to do with history and everything to do with culturally relevant edification through storytelling.

Many "regular folks" may experience minor difficulties with this book for a variety of reasons. As an example, Emanuel Pfoh blithely tosses out an entire paragraph in French, and provides no translation. In an online version with cut-and-paste capability, a reader could easily enter it into Google Translate, but as this book is only offered in hard copy at this time, the average reader will either have to skip the paragraph and infer its content, or take far too much time transcribing it into a translation app, or find a French speaker to read it to them. The language employed by many of the writers is scholarly, and assumes the reader knows a significant amount of historical jargon. These are minor quibbles that may be easily overlooked, since this book is designed for scholars who are generally polyglots.

It's very easy for establishment scholars, when they do leave their ivory towers, to wave their hands dismissively and haughtily espouse the "obvious" nature of Jesus' historicity, which everyone knows. And, of course, everyone thinks they know that Jesus obviously existed. But ask the average American to explain even the basics of the case for historicity (or mythicism, or agnosticism), and there's about a 90% chance they'll get it completely wrong. The average American -- whose religion is founded on the certainty of Jesus' existence -- needs to know what real historians say about it, but they have no idea. They need a book like this.
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