i found this to be a fascinating book in which the author looks at human society and its development by comparing and contrasting modern life with smaller traditional societies of hunter gatherers, tribes and so on. Many of the descriptions of these traditional societies focus on the peoples of Papua New Guinea, which has seen a period of very rapid and significant change. In 1931 much of the population were still wearing traditional dress, and lived without the components of society as we experience it: no phones, clocks, cars, no writing, metal, money or schools. Now traditional life in Papua New Guinea has almost disappeared - western dress is ubiquitous, and mobile phones and air travel are commonplace.
This rapid change provides much evidence for how traditional societies were - many people still remember in detail, and from personal experience, how they functioned - and this provides the basis for this book, along with much information about the !Kung of the Kalahari, the Ache and Sirinoco of South America, the Andaman Islanders of the Bay of Bengal, and many other traditional societies.
The author looks at land use and property, war, trade, crime and punishment, care of the elderly, raising of children, religion, diet and its consequences, language and much else, with frequent reference to modern history and modern state societies from across the world which helps to keep the narrative interesting for the general reader, as well as being very informative. The author concludes that there are aspects of traditional societies which would improve our lives today, as well as recognising the value of much of the progress which has been made in societal development around the world
I have found this book hard to put down - it is well written, at times amusing, and always interesting. I had never read Jared Diamond's work before but I shall certainly read his other books now.