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The War that Ended Peace: How Europe abandoned peace for the First World War

The War that Ended Peace: How Europe abandoned peace for the First World War [Kindle Edition]

Professor Margaret MacMillan
4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (81 customer reviews)

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Product Description


The story of how intelligent, well-meaning leaders guided their nations into catastrophe. Immersed in intrigue, enlivened by fascinating stories, and made compelling by the author's own insights, this is one of the finest books I have read on the causes of World War I (Madeleine Albright, former Secretary of State)

Once again, Margaret MacMillan proves herself not just a masterly historian but a brilliant storyteller (Strobe Talbott, President, Brookings Institution)

A masterful explanation of the complex forces that brought the Edwardian world crashing down. Utterly riveting, deeply moving, and impeccably researched, MacMillan's latest opus will become the definitive account of old Europe's final years (Amanda Foreman)

Book Description

The definitive history of the political, cultural, military and personal forces which shaped Europe's path to the Great War - now in paperback.

Product details

  • Format: Kindle Edition
  • File Size: 10347 KB
  • Print Length: 704 pages
  • Publisher: Profile Books (17 Oct 2013)
  • Sold by: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B00F63Z542
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray:
  • Average Customer Review: 4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (81 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,689 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
7 of 7 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Sleep Walking Into War 26 April 2014
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
A gripping read, suitable for a history novice, or an expert.
Beginning with the Paris Exhibition of 1900, Prof MacMillan charts European history to the outbreak of war, picking out, with the benefit of all we now know, how a series of events, along with a prevailing culture of militarism, and theories of how war should be conducted, and all the limitations of the period too, brought us closer to war.
As the introduction makes clear, it was not so much that the European powers intended to go to war, its that the various options were gradually narrowed down, so war became, apparently the only choice. I say apparently, for as Margaret Macmillan points out, there are always choices.
Even as we all know the outcome, the book holds the reader in suspense, as time and events march on.
Throughout the book we get a sympathetic appreciation for all the key players, with their strengths and foibles. Each chapter deals with significant events, e.g. the two Morocco crises, the Balkan wars, or aspects and movements of the time, e.g. the peace movements, military plans, militarism. We learn how all of this shapes the leaders of the day, and the various alliances that form between the powers. In the main, there's helpful analysis towards the end of each chapter, of what impact these events/factors had on the path to war. We also get an appreciation of the period, and how the key players were men (mainly men) of their time.
We are treated throughout the book to a then European perspective. How Europeans felt, how Europeans reacted, what values Europeans held dear, and so on. We get an insight into early 20th century European culture; this I found refreshing, exhilarating almost, drawing out a European identity.
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134 of 142 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A Failure of Brinkmanship 19 Oct 2013
By Dr Barry Clayton TOP 1000 REVIEWER
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
'Preventive war is like committing suicide out of fear of death' (Bismarck).

'It had to come' (US Ambassador in London, 1914).

'Torture and Cannibalism were the only two expedients that the civilised, scientific, Christian States had been able to deny themselves:and these were of doubtful utility'. (W.Churchill).

'Please restrain Conrad' (Archduke Ferdinand in 1908).

'You'll be home before the leaves fall'. (Kaiser to troops in August 1914).

'He was like a battleship with steam up and screws going but with no rudder, and he will run into something one day and cause a catastrophe'.( Sir Edward Grey describing the Kaiser).

Professor Sir Michael Howard has written that you cannot understand the causes of the Great War or indeed any war unless you also understand the political, economic, social and cultural environment in which it took place. Hence, the ramshackle nature of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, the constitutional arrangements of Germany post 1870,the surging nationalism in Serbia and the fragile nature of Tsarist Russia must be understood.For this reason, historians like Professor Margaret Macmillan now concentrate more on issues and developments in all of these fields instead of researching only diplomatic exchanges.

This essential requirement reveals the paucity and trivial nature of some of the offerings in the current cascade of books on the Great War, and why this account shines like pure gold. Those accounts that 'read like novels' do so because most of them consist of fiction and myth. No war has been so subjected to mythology, or stands so much in need of the correcting force of fundamental simplicities, as the Great War.
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2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars Generally very good 30 May 2014
The material is not new, but the author has marshalled her extremely complex material in a cogent way and on the whole writes quite well. There are a very few shocking lapses - she places the Napoleonic wars in the 18th century - and, as usual, despite thanking her friends and mother for reading the material, there are too many printing errors. (Others have commented that copy editors are no longer affordable for publishers.) The most irritating thing is the opening assertion that the question more interesting than why the war broke out is why the peace failed. This is a false dichotomy equivalent to saying, don't tell me why my car broke down but tell me instead what needs to be fixed. This nonsense was presumably cooked up to justify writing yet another WW1 book, but despite being the thesis of the whole work, is quickly forgotten as she writes what is in fact a gripping 'why the war started' book.
Also, how is it possible for a serious author to create such an absurd title, despite all those friends, and mum? Every war is a war that ends peace.
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54 of 61 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars "Cry 'Havoc' and let slip the dogs of war..." 17 Oct 2013
Format:Kindle Edition
As a Brit, studying the First World War at school in the seventies, memories of the Second World War were still fresh and bitter enough amongst parents and teachers that there was never really a question that the Germans were the 'bad guys' in both wars while we (the Brits, primarily, though a little bit of credit was occasionally given to the Allies) were the knights in shining armour. Enough time has passed since both wars now for a more rational view to be taken and this book by Margaret MacMillan is a well balanced, thoughtful and detailed account of the decades leading up to 1914.

MacMillan begins by giving an overview of the involved nations as they were at the turn of the century - their political structure, alliances and enmities, their culture and economic status. She then takes us in considerable depth through the twenty years or so preceding the war, concentrating on each nation in turn, and going further back into history when required. She introduces us to the main players: political, military and leading thinkers. She explains how and why the two main alliances developed that divided Europe and shows the fears of each nation feeling threatened or surrounded by potential enemies. And she shows how this led to an arms race, which each nation initially thought would act as a deterrence to war. Throughout she draws parallels to more recent history and current events, sometimes with frightening clarity.

In the mid-section, MacMillan discusses public opinion and cultural shifts, highlighting the parallel and divisive growth of militarism and pacifism and how the heads of government had to try to reconcile these factions.
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Most Recent Customer Reviews
5.0 out of 5 stars ... and social pressures that built to ensure that the Great War was...
Comprehensive and detailed study of the worldwide political and social pressures that built to ensure that the Great War was inevitable.
Published 1 day ago by Mr Lloyd Sutton
5.0 out of 5 stars Although I haven't finished this book yet, it is ...
Although I haven't finished this book yet, it is clearly and concisely written which makes it much easier to understand the background to the start of the First World War.
Published 4 days ago by Ms J Sawney
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
an excellent account
Published 6 days ago by brian rowley
5.0 out of 5 stars I found this a fascinating and readable book giving me ...
I found this a fascinating and readable book giving me a new insight , might read more of her work. I chose it because of the BBC radio 4 series
Published 7 days ago by graham hulme
5.0 out of 5 stars A New Approach to Understanding WW1
Really interesting to understand the build up to WW1.......very well and clearly written.....I feel I have met all the key players.
Published 9 days ago by Clare Sayers
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
Detailed and well written history of the build up to a world war
Published 9 days ago by Chris Weeks
4.0 out of 5 stars Who dunnit? Looking for the roots of the First World War
Another well-researched and well-written book by Margaret Macmillan that describes he events leading up to the First World War, focused around the key actors in each of the... Read more
Published 14 days ago by Anthony W. Bates
5.0 out of 5 stars Five Stars
Very informative
Published 15 days ago by Jd Hughes
4.0 out of 5 stars The first half of the book is better than the second half
I recall studying the causes of the First World War at A-level. The experience was tedious, an anatomy lesson of various alliances, the relative number of dreadnoughts built by... Read more
Published 19 days ago by F Henwood
5.0 out of 5 stars Superb book on the First World War
Very well written. Authoritative and articulate. Very clear account of how the First War started. Highly recommended.
Published 19 days ago by Peter Henry
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