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The Thirteenth Tribe: Khazar Empire and Its Heritage Hardcover – Illustrated, 5 Apr 1976


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Product details

  • Hardcover: 256 pages
  • Publisher: Hutchinson; illustrated edition edition (5 April 1976)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0091255503
  • ISBN-13: 978-0091255503
  • Product Dimensions: 21.6 x 14.2 x 2.8 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 4.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (12 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 994,346 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews

2 of 2 people found the following review helpful By Mac McAleer TOP 1000 REVIEWER on 22 May 2012
Format: Hardcover
I first bought this book in the late 1970s. Several clear-outs later I came across it again and re-bought it. Often revisiting books is a disappointment, but not in this case. Arthur Koestler produced an accessible, well-written history that flows easily through the often obscure and unfamiliar subject matter.

The Khazarian Empire originated as a collection of Turkic tribes and lasted from the 6th to the 11th centuries in the area that is now southern Russia and the Ukraine. To the south-west was the Byzantine Empire, to the south the Arab Caliphate, to the north and east the pagan tribes and to the west the Slavs, later controlled by the Rus, the southern representatives of the Vikings. Originally shamanistic, the Khazars converted to Judaism, perhaps as a balance to the Christian Byzantines and the Islamic Arabs.

In the west the Khazars founded Kiev, later to taken over by the Rus. In the east they had their capital, Ital, where the Volga flows into the Caspian. They engaged in international trade and were aggressively expansionist. For over a hundred years they fought with Islam, preventing it from reaching eastern Europe. Eventually they were defeated by the Byzantines and Rus in an unholy alliance, with a final coup de grâce given by the Mongol Golden Horde.

THE CHAPTERS The first four chapters describe the rise and fall of the Khazarian Empire. The next four discuss the consequences of this fall, leading to the conclusion that East European Jewry, the Ashkenazim, is substantially of Khazarian origin.

SELECTED LINKS
Shlomo Sand The Invention of the Jewish People
Kevin Allan Brook
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24 of 27 people found the following review helpful By Peter Buckley VINE VOICE on 6 April 2010
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Koestler, in The Thirteenth Tribe, traces the history of the ancient Khazar people, related to other Turkish tribes, the Magyars, Huns, and Oghuz, who from around 750AD, in their Caucasian homeland, converted to Judaism. Were they wiped out in the Middle Ages by the Mongol hordes of Gengis Khan sweeping westward at around 1222AD? There is substantial evidence that the majority migrated north and west, primarily to Hungary and Poland. Their influence on European history was considerably greater than their numbers might suggest, as they formed a buffer state between the expanding Islamic empire and Byzantium, and later slowed the southward marauding Viking Rus, who eventually served as the mercenary Varangian Guard in Constantinople. The Khazars, by rejecting Orthodox Christianity and Islam, choosing instead Judaism, did so primarily for political purposes. The reasoning went that the commonality of the Hebrew Scripture's acceptability to Jews, Christians and Muslims alike aided diplomacy and commercial trade.
David Keys, in his book 'Catastrophe', cites the Khazars and their migration as evidence of the widespread displacement of peoples after 536AD, and an explanation of the relatively sudden appearance of the Northern European Jewish (Yiddish speaking) communities.
What implications are there of this theory, in linking the origin of the Northern European Jews, the Ashkenazim, with the migrating Khazars? Zionism was the political Jewish movement that sought a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The United Nations in 1947 partitioned Palestine into an Arab and a Jewish state. Without commenting on the complex political situation in the modern day Middle East, no nation-state anywhere in the world today depends for its existence upon a genetically pure link with a historical `mother-race'.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Aaron on 7 July 2014
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
This information is very important in showing how the past impacts on the future in ways that you never thought possible. For eons tribes with long forgotten names have invaded and expanded into other areas. It is important to understand certain groups of people changed their religion to avoid being conquered and sharing their territories with other neighbouring districts who were encroaching on their boarders. By the Khazars converting to the Hebrew faith they avoided converging with the 2 most dominant religions at the time, Christianity and Islam. This book may require some study as it constructs the layout and design in a slow manner so that a full understanding is attained. It is interesting to note that the author Arthur Koestler was ostracised from the Jewish community after this publication and died in a car crash at the height of this published material.
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1 of 1 people found the following review helpful By Anna Ruyssenaars on 6 Mar. 2015
Format: Paperback Verified Purchase
Anybody who is interested in researching the origins and history of the Khazarian non-Semitic "Jews" whose descendants are presently exterminating the Last of the Palestinian People; are responsible for the genocide of the European People and the genocide of the
Jewish anti-Zionist People during WW2, as well as are responsible for the 1905 Armenian Genocide, as well as are responsible for many
more mega-heinous crimes worldwide against Humanity, as well as are now bend on totally exterminating the White Race
plus 98% of the rest of the world population in order for them to rule the world with a Stalinist Iron Fist,
should read this/Arthur Koestler's book, even though he believed that Zionists in 1948 had the right to once again steal the Land
from the weaponless native Palestinian People.
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