The first 67 pages are what you expect in a general book on the subject of aikido. The 21 Tactics shown left me stunned.
No17 sums it up. You cannot use this defence where an attacker bearhugs from behind around your elbows.
We teach self defence and practice these types of attacks on both males & females. The suggested raising of the arms to break the grip as you step back is a joke. The attacker is usually right agianst your body and you cannot step back or raise your arms.
There are numerous successful ways of defending agianst this type of attack but this is not one to be recommended.
Overall I was disappointed with the content and feel I waisted my money.
Mr. Sosa takes his readers on a journey into history, introducing us to Morehei Ueshiba, the founder of aikido. We learn not only when and how he evolved aikido from earlier, more brutal arts, but why he did so as well. Along the lines, we are faced with the same questions that Ueshiba faced: Can I defend myself without injuring others? What obligation do I have to do so? The answers to these questions are both quite personal, and Mr. Sosa treads the line between handing them out and showing them within each of us with precision.
This is not a book that you can read in an hour. Nor is it a book that will turn you into the next Steven Segal. It is instead a glimpse into the philosophy behind a young, effective, and beautiful art form.