In my church we had a series of sermons on 1 Corinthians and Bible Studies for almost 1 year. And even after this extensive study I still feel I not understand what Paul really said in this letter. Most interesting fact, that Paul send this letter to people without special and sometimes any education at all, he answered on important questions in this particular church, and people understand him. Now we have good education, a lot of great commentaries from people who had even better education and experience than we; and we still can’t understand Paul completely. It is why I purchased “The Message of 1 Corinthians (Bible Speaks Today) by David Prior”, and study 1 Corinthians on my own. David Prior has pastored churches in Cape Town, South Africa, and Oxford, England, and has served as director of The Centre for Marketplace Theology in London.
Together with this book I use John Piper’s Sermons on 1 Corinthians on Desiring God [...] I can’t tell that this is easy, but I see some progress in understanding. This book is very helpful, David Prior is trying to answer many my questions and he not afraid of “hot” topics. Actually I’m very happy of this book. Another very interesting book is The First Letter to the Corinthians (Pillar New Testament Commentary) by Roy E. Ciampa and Brian S. Rosner. This book is much bigger and much more difficult to read. I use this book for very hard verses. This book is available on-line for reading. [...]
John Calvin described 1 Corinthians as “no less difficult than valuable.” Especially difficult to understanding is ch. 15. Karl Barth wrote: ” The chapter is the key to the entire letter with its profound disclosures on this and that, which have their source in ultimate wisdom.” Karl Bart had a very interesting and unusual (for me) idea that Christ in this letter represented Israel, and he made parallel to Hosea 6:1, 2. Christ is Israel's hope, but also Christ is Israel. Paul quotes Hosea 6:1 in 1 Corinthians 15:4, saying that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures. Hosea prophesied God would raise Israel the third day. God raised Christ the third day according to Hosea. Therefore, God raised Israel (Christ) the third day. I highly recommend this book for study 1 Corinthians.