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The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics [Hardcover]

David J. Gunkel

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Book Description

7 Aug 2012
One of the enduring concerns of moral philosophy is deciding who or what is deserving of ethical consideration. Much recent attention has been devoted to the "animal question" -- consideration of the moral status of nonhuman animals. In this book, David Gunkel takes up the "machine question": whether and to what extent intelligent and autonomous machines of our own making can be considered to have legitimate moral responsibilities and any legitimate claim to moral consideration. The machine question poses a fundamental challenge to moral thinking, questioning the traditional philosophical conceptualization of technology as a tool or instrument to be used by human agents. Gunkel begins by addressing the question of machine moral agency: whether a machine might be considered a legitimate moral agent that could be held responsible for decisions and actions. He then approaches the machine question from the other side, considering whether a machine might be a moral patient due legitimate moral consideration. Finally, Gunkel considers some recent innovations in moral philosophy and critical theory that complicate the machine question, deconstructing the binary agent--patient opposition itself. Technological advances may prompt us to wonder if the science fiction of computers and robots whose actions affect their human companions (think of HAL in 2001: A Space Odyssey) could become science fact. Gunkel's argument promises to influence future considerations of ethics, ourselves, and the other entities who inhabit this world.

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The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics + Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics (Intelligent Robotics and Autonomous Agents Series) (Intelligent Robotics & Autonomous Agents Series)
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Review

A formidable new book... Provides a galaxy of challenging thought... Gunkel does a fine job of lucid and concise exposition. -- Peter Hankins Machines Like Us Gunkel's deconstruction is a tour de force that largely succeeds in getting us to 'think otherwise'. His argument that machines have always been the excluded other is convincing... Gunkel engages the thinking of both 'analytic' and 'continental' philosophers, which I believe is a virtue... The book is an original contribution to the field and likely to have wide reverberations... careful and remarkably comprehensive. Ethics and Information Technology There is something right about Gunkel's recognition that one can hardly consider the questions of machine morality without being led to more fundamental methodological and meta-ethical issues... He nevertheless succeeded in connecting the ethics of robots and AI to a much broader ethical discussion than has been represented in the literature on machine ethics to date. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews This controversial and thought-provoking book is a must-read for anyone interested in the philosophy of technology and in discussions on artificial intelligence and ethics of information and communication technology. The unprecedented value of the book is that Gunkel not only analyzes important aspects of the immediate problem but also that he places his discussion in the context of philosophical discussions on such related issues as rights discourse. Maybe some day the moral status of machines will be obvious for all of us, but for the present Gunkel's book provides an important voice for discussion on the moral status of machines. International Philosophical Quarterly From the opening pages, The Machine Question is a delightful melange of graduate philosophy seminars, solemn debates at science fiction conventions, and weighty discussions over drinks in dimly-lit pubs. It is delightful mainly because such diversity of approach, content, and examples is too rarely found in an academic publication...Gunkel's book is worth reading and will likely find a place in courses dealing with the problems reflected in its title. Essays in Philosophy

About the Author

David J. Gunkel is Presidential Teaching Professor and Professor of Communication Technology at Northern Illinois University. He is the author of Hacking Cyberspace and Thinking Otherwise: Philosophy, Communication, Technology.

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Amazon.com: 4.2 out of 5 stars  4 reviews
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Better questions for modern times 2 Mar 2013
By Zach - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition
This book was exactly what I expected having read David's other books, "Thinking Otherwise" and "Hacking Cyberspace". Gunkel narrows his focus here from "Thinking Otherwise" and focuses on what is not only arguably a very pertinent question of today, but quickly becoming one of the most pressing questions in the very near future: how does one approach the machine as other?

This is not a question with an answer, of course, but one that should bring us to think more carefully about the possibility not only of machine intelligence, but the ethical quandaries that emerge alongside artificial intelligence. Following the work of Baudrillard, Gunkel presents a great alternative to reading technology as merely a tool, and begins to delve into the ethics of this, possibly the most radical alterity. This book is an important read for anyone concerned about machine ethics, and a great addition to the growing body of work in this field.
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars a book that makes you think otherwise 7 Mar 2013
By Mark Coeckelbergh - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover
Are machines worthy of moral consideration? David Gunkel's "The Machine Question" is an exceptional book that differs from much of the literature in robot ethics since it does not argue for a particular position in the debate but attends to the question itself. What is the question when we are talking about moral considerability and moral status? How is this problem framed and what does this framing reveal and exclude?

Gunkel insightfully shows how the very way the "machine question" is usually asked already legitimates the domination, exploitation, and exclusion of others. By means of instructive and scholarly discussions of Descartes and Levinas, Gunkel deconstructs some of the most important oppositions in the debate. This is a tour de force that encourages us to "think otherwise".

With its original contribution to the field, this book deserves many readers. Gunkel's gesture sheds new light on a problem that will remain of central importance not only within machine ethics but also within moral philosophy in general. The author's efforts to go beyond more of the same are exemplary. The main virtue of this book is not that it is about the ethics of machines, but that it shows that modern ethics has always been a machine ethics. A significant contribution to moral philosophy.
4.0 out of 5 stars Well written. 12 Mar 2014
By Charles H. Davis - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Hardcover|Verified Purchase
As said, it's well written and is yet another of the many books written on this and closely related topics.
1 of 5 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars The Machine Question 21 Sep 2012
By John S. Canning - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
Not exactly what I was expecting. The author was thorough to the point of boring me, but that might just be the style in his circle, and I can't judge that. Haven't finished the book, yet. Am finding it hard to get motivated to pick it up again. I did learn one thing from the book, however:

A philosopher's job is not to answer deep questions,but to make certain that the right deep questions are asked. That makes me wonder: Who is supposed to answer them? I guess that is my own deep question.
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