Should atheism replace Christianity in Europe? A new Europe is emerging from the old order and with it, a modern version of an old philosophy. Christopher Hitchens and Professor John Lennox debate whether or not Europe should jettison its religious past and welcome the 'New Atheism' at the Edinburgh Festival in Scotland in August 2008. Dubbed the 'New Atheism' advocates are calling for the abandonment of Europe's religious heritage and the adoption of an aggressive secularism. Religion is detrimental to society, they argue. Indeed, in the words of Christopher Hitchens, it 'poisons everything.' Some, such as Professor John Lennox, strongly disagree. They maintain that, far from undermining society, the preservation of religious thought, and Christianity in particular, is vital to the survival of Western civilization. All this leads to the inevitable questions: Should atheism replace Christianity in Europe? Does atheism have a better record that Christianity? And finally: Where would the New Atheism lead the New Euroope? A prominent voice in the science vs. religion controversy, Prof. Lennox has debated atheists ranging from Victor Stenger to Richard Dawkins. Professor Lennox was also featured in the Fixed Point Foundation firm, Science and the God Questions (2007) and is the author of God's Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, Mr Hitchens has written extensively against religion because he deems it dangerous. He is the author of the New York Times bestseller, God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything. He also served as editior for The Portable Atheist, a collection of essays spanning the period from the Enlightenment to the present.