This book considers with humanity and thoughtfulness what is wrong with prisons today, what is done well in them and how best practice could be extended, especially if good practice could be less dependent on the limited - but often effective - voluntary sector. Lemos describes how even well-meaning prison staff rarely have the resources (time or money) to build on the good work done through projects which work. The author addresses the psychological, emotional and practical difficulties that prisoners have - and the system has - in preparing them for life after prison without reoffending. These include mental ill health, illiteracy and the absence of any stable family environment. While humanising the prisoner the author also addresses the needs of the victim(s) to see justice done in a way which can help them recover from their own trauma. The role of restorative justice is discussed in this context. Examples are given from many different countries of how practices in criminal justice systems have been used to reduce recidivism. This should be read by anybody interested in prison reform, and in particular by those of a 'lock-'em-up-and-throw-away-the-key' tendency. This book will persuade the reader not just that the whole of society would be better - not least by being less fearful - if crime could be reduced, but that this is possible with a bit of extra time, money and commitment, including the commitment of the prisoners themselves.