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The Global Flood: Unlocking Earth's Geologic History Hardcover – Dec 2012


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Product details

  • Hardcover: 175 pages
  • Publisher: Institute for Creation Research (Dec. 2012)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1935587129
  • ISBN-13: 978-1935587125
  • Product Dimensions: 27.9 x 21.6 x 1.5 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 972,032 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Title: The Global Flood( Unlocking Earth's Geologic History) <>Binding: Hardcover <>Author: JohnD.Morris <>Publisher: InstituteforCreationResearch

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2 of 3 people found the following review helpful By Amazon Customer on 19 July 2013
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
As a Christian tussling with some of the scientific issues which are generally accepted, I found this book absolutely first-class. Don't be put off by the title, because John Morris, who is a geologist, deals with creation as well as the effects of the Flood.

I'm not sure how a non-Christian would view this book, but Morris' analyses are pretty convincing if you have an open mind. i am now convinced that the Flood was the source of much of the world's geology (including fossils), and, although i have not quite finished reading the book, I'm already becoming convinced that the earth is not as old as scientists would have us believe.
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Amazon.com: 11 reviews
12 of 15 people found the following review helpful
Buy it, enjoy it, and be a critical reader. 4 Mar. 2013
By Mother of Three - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
I love flood and creation geology and thoroughly enjoyed this book. It is printed in full color with lots of pictures, diagrams and illustrations. It is beautifully put together and a compelling read. It would be good for older elementary school kids and up. The book includes the newest studies and findings which support a young-earth Creation and global flood view for explaining the earth's geological makeup and fossils. Being a critical reader though, I found that a few things that were included in the book did not have a great deal of corroboration from another source, which could make a skeptic very critical. Someone who shares the worldview of the authors will probably shrug and move on. One example is a long narrative of the earth's beginnings and history which is said to be chanted at festivals by a Chinese tribe which was unaware of the Bible. The story very closely matches the Genesis account including several names that are very similar to the Bible names. This is presented as evidence of the common and recent ancestry of all mankind. While it is interesting, and plausible, it is said to have been translated by a missionary and presented to the author of the book years ago. It would be a remarkable find if true. So I can't figure out why the organization sponsoring the book wouldn't have sent an anthropologist and a translator team to the area the missionary worked in to check into the story. However, aside from a few less-than-scholarly inclusions like that, the book presents a lot of common-sense evidence for a recent worldwide flood. If your worldview doesn't rule out the possibility of such an event, you'll find compelling reasons to see the geological features of the earth as largely the results of a worldwide cataclysmic deluge.
9 of 13 people found the following review helpful
Excellent geological evidence for the Global Flood 14 Oct. 2013
By Daniel N. Lionsden - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
Review of The Global Flood by John Morris
By Jon Covey, BA, CLS(ASCP)
Edited by Anita Millen-Covey, MD, MPH, MA

The Global Flood (2013) by John Morris (earned a Ph.D. in Geology at the University of Oklahoma) is an update rather than a reiteration of The Genesis Flood (1961) written by the late Henry Morris and John Whitcomb. The Global Flood is less technical than The Genesis Flood making it more comprehensible for those without a strong background in geology. Besides The Genesis Flood, some of his material is also from Andrew Snelling's compelling two-volume book Earth's Catastrophic Past (2009).

The Global Flood is divided into two sections. The first concerns the scriptural basis for believing in a global rather than a local flood. The second section covers information about the ice age, radiometric dating, radiohalos, geology, and their relationship to the Flood. The book was designed for the layman and minimizes technical jargon, although some is necessary. The most impressive section discusses interpretation of the megasequences found in North America and how they are evidence for the global Flood.

The definition of a megasequence can be fairly complex, but it is essentially a sequence of strata bounded at the bottom and top by unconformities. An unconformity represents a time when sedimentation appears to have stopped, followed by erosive removal of some of the previously deposited rock, and subsequent resumption of sedimentation. Most geologists assume this process required millions of years, while creationist geologists say most of the sediments lying on top of the Precambrian were generated by the Flood.

The Inception of Uniformitarian Interpretation
In Theory of the Earth (1795), James Hutton promoted the belief that strictly natural processes formed the earth. Charles Lyell further developed Hutton's philosophy by saying that the earth was formed only by uniform natural processes. This is the basis of uniformitarianism, which says that present processes of erosion and deposition are the key to the past (Principles of Geology, 1830).

Morris reminds the reader that Lyell's book strongly influenced Charles Darwin. This caused Darwin to misinterpret the origin of the valley through which Argentina's Santa Cruz River flows, concerning which Morris says, "Darwin's erroneous thinking soon became his life message, which he greatly extended on the Galapagos Islands." This is where he began to expand his view of evolution based on the finches and other animals he observed.

Dr. Steve Austin posted a video on YouTube "Where Darwin Went Wrong," showing how Lyell's mistaken uniformitarian teaching caused Darwin to misinterpret the formation of the Santa Cruz River valley, further leading him to misinterpret the limited variation observable within created kinds. Morris explains that a kind is approximated by the modern designation of genus or family.

Scriptures pertaining to the global Flood
Dr. Morris begins his book with the scriptural setting for the global Flood. Both creationists and evolutionists have a set of presuppositions by which they interpret the data. He advises Christians to adopt a worldview coinciding with the revealed truth of God's Word because scripture is reliable concerning ancient historical events. Although the Bible lacks depth in scientific details, it does provide enough information to begin reconstructing major events like creation and the Flood.

Morris refers to the Apostle Peter's warning that in the last days scoffers would come, following their own agendas. This describes our modern society that ridicules all things biblical. The scoffers proclaim that "all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation" (2 Peter 3:4). They insist that the processes observed today are the only ones that have ever operated. Uniformitarianism dominates education with the chant of "the present is the key to the past." This mantra has produced the Big Bang theory, the theory of evolution, and geology based on an earth billions of years old.

Uniformitarian gradualism says that things have always proceeded just as we see now. While this is taught in classrooms, this idea is not in vogue with geologists, most of whom accept uniformitarian actualism, a combination of gradualism with catastrophism. They believe that rare catastrophic events shape much of geology, but accept uniformity of process in between in order to maintain the millions of years required by evolutionary theory. Morris makes some important observations about naturalism and its consequences:

"The `religion' of naturalism and its cardinal doctrine of uniformitarianism completely dominate the academic sphere at all levels, both public and private, including many schools that call themselves Christian....Today's ascendency of uniformitarianism is nothing less than a fulfillment of Peter's prophecy [about scoffers in the last days]....A blind adherence to uniformitarianism guarantees an erroneous conclusion on at least those occasions in the unobserved past when God tells us He supernaturally intervened.... [Peter] charges that uniformitarians "willingly are ignorant of" (2 Peter 3:5) evidence for past supernatural action. This is the cause of their inability to think correctly and of their resulting wrong conclusions."

The Worldwide Flood
The change in public opinion concerning the great Flood took place among the clergy first. They had no ready answers for "Where did all the water go if the Flood covered all the high mountains?" It seemed impossible that water covered the Himalayans and other high altitude mountain ranges. Thus, they caved to the geologic knowledge of the mid-1800s, abandoned the Genesis account, and taught their parishioners the Flood was allegorical or local. It is always a mistake to reconcile the Bible with science because science is often incomplete or entirely mistaken.
At the onset of the Flood, Genesis 7:11 says the fountains of the great deep erupted, They initiated a sequence of tectonic events that contributed most of water for the Flood and reshaped the surface of the earth.

Psalm 104:6b-8 says that at the end of the Flood, the mountains rose up and the valleys sank down, describing what tectonic forces were doing. The mountains got higher, and the valleys got lower, and Morris said the ocean basins got deeper. The surface of the earth was drastically reconfigured. The one great supercontinent that rose up when God caused the dry land to appear out of the ocean began breaking apart during the Flood, producing the seven continents. Collisions of tectonic plates caused mountains to form, pushing them to great heights, like the Himalayans. Morris describes how this happened, so that the deepened ocean basins gave the Floodwaters somewhere to go.

Christian Compromise Degrades Scripture
Morris describes various movements or groups within Christianity who have compromised biblical teaching about creation and the Flood and misinterpret the Genesis accounts as poetic or allegorical. Theistic evolution, progressive creationism, Intelligent Design, and the Gap Theory all distort the clear teaching of Genesis in some way.

The Gap theory holds a high view of scripture, but puts long ages between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Intelligent design advocates range from agnostics to those Christians who accept long ages and uniformitarianism. They consider the Flood as local or allegorical. The same is true of progressive creationists who follow Hugh Ross' teachings. Theistic evolutionists believe the tempo and mode of evolution was directly orchestrated by God. Morris says they all "degrade Scripture by placing man's opinions above the obvious teaching of the text." Here Morris says,
"While it is not impossible for someone to be a Christian and still believe in one of these compromises, it is impossible for any one of these views to be true if Christianity is true. If any are true, then Christianity's core doctrines are wrong."

There are many oral accounts of a global flood in ancient cultures around the world, but none is more fascinating than that of the ancient Miao tribe of China. In many places their lengthy ancient oral account exactly parallels the Bible. Dr. Morris treats his readers to an extended quote of the Miao epic verse. It is close enough to the Genesis account to be considered a very loose paraphrase.

Dr. Morris spends several chapters on scriptural considerations, and he covers some of the problems with radiometric dating and how the Flood provided the necessary prerequisites for the Ice Age, which are all very important. His description of the megasequences in Grand Canyon and elsewhere comprises a significant and powerful update of The Genesis Flood, and is a valuable aspect of this book.

Morris' references to scientific literature are few, although he does list important creationist books that have extensive references to peer-reviewed, scientific literature. There are notes at the end of the book that guide the reader who wants to explore further.

Also, scattered throughout his book are questions we can ask our evolutionary friends that would be difficult for them to answer and would hopefully cause them to question the truth of evolution. Our goal is to give them reasons to believe in the Bible and reject the theory of evolution.

Dr. Morris repeatedly compares uniformitarian interpretations to those of catastrophic Flood geology, asking penetrating questions that boil down to "Which makes more sense in this geological setting?" In each case, the obvious answer is catastrophic geology.

I was especially pleased with his detailed descriptions of the successive strata within Grand Canyon megase¬quences, which show conclusively that placid seas transgressing onto land couldn't possibly have created them.

For instance, he begins describing some metamorphic rock near the bottom of Grand Canyon, referred to as Vishnu Schist. This can be correlated with similar rock across the North American plate, indicating its wide lateral extent.

This relationship suggests that the strata seen in Grand Canyon are not localized, but spread across the North American continent. Morris wonders "how such huge rock masses could have been metamorphosed on such a grand scale," because metamorphism requires exceptional forces occurring only in tiny zones today. Morris says,

"We can clearly see the ferocity of the Flood's initial activity when we examine the rocks. In Grand Canyon, the first thing on the record is a mighty episode of erosion, an unconformity. Here, the underlying metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks are beveled off to an amazingly flat surface."

This section of the book discusses the worldwide occurrence of the Great Unconformity. In The Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology, by Tarbuck & Lutgens, they assume that an unconformity represents a long period of time during which deposition ceased, erosion removed previously formed rocks, and then deposition resumed. The Great Unconformity is very interesting, probably indicating at what level the rush of Floodwaters began beveling off the preexisting metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary Precambrian rocks. Morris then describes the wide lateral extent and thickness of sediments produced by the Flood.

The Tapeats--A Deposit of Wide Lateral Extent Characteristic of the Global Flood.
The first sedimentary layer atop the beveled flat surface of the Vishnu Schist, where one sees the Great Unconformity, is the Tapeats Sandstone, a Cambrian rock. It covers much of North America, and reaches into Greenland and Europe, making it intercontinental in scope. The Tapeats is dated from 515 to 520 million years old and varies from 125 to 325 feet thick. This flat-lying layer is composed of quartz sand grains with larger grains, cobbles and boulders clustered at the bottom.

The Tapeats is the lowest layer of the Sauk Megase-quence. Uniformitarian geologists would ascribe the Tapeats sediments to a slowly transgressing ocean; however this is untenable for several reasons. Morris says it is far too large an area to have been a migrating beachfront. He says it appears to have been the result of multiple surges of a single cataclysm. Morris describes the Tapeats as having the characteristic "fining upward" associated with deposition by turbidity currents, although most geologists consider it a sandy mudflow, "perhaps by a turbidity current or underwater landslide." Obviously, boulders, rocks and cobbles at the base of the Tapeats indicate that a very strong current transported them from a distant source. Turbidity currents are fast-moving density flows of sediment-laden water flowing down a slope under water. They produce beds of graded sediment, the coarsest material on the bottom and the finest sediment at the top.

It's hard to conceive of an underwater landslide that could affect such a large area. The enormity of the current that deposited the Tapeats was orders of magnitude greater than anything which has occurred in known history. It is strong evidence of the Flood. Whatever the cataclysm, it cannot be explained by the uniformitarian paradigm.

The Significance of "Fining-upward"
In an Impact article, Dr. Morris notes, "Evidence of underwater turbidity currents is found in the Tapeats Sandstone, the Redwall Limestone, and others." Turbidity currents produce turbidites. A hallmark of turbidite rock is a "fining-upward" of the particle size within the turbidite. The term refers to a progressive decrease in size of sediments from the bottom to the top of a layer of sediment and means that the sediment was deposited uninterrupted.

Dr. Morris uses the term "fining-upward" repeatedly in The Global Flood while discussing various rock units of the six megasequences found throughout the northern hemisphere. The sequence might begin with large boulders, rocks, pebbles or coarse sand at the bottom portion becoming gradually finer and finer in particle size towards the top of the turbi¬dite. The Tapeats contains hydraulically transported boulders tens of feet in diameter at its base, fining-upward from there.

Uniformitarian geologists describe the Tapeats as a conglomerate because of the large boulders and rocks at its base, claiming the Tapeats was deposited by a transgressing sea. They do not explain how a placid sea could transport boulders or what their source was.

Bright Angel Shale
Atop the Tapeats lies the Bright Angel Shale, another Cambrian stratum. It covers about the same area as the Tapeats. Morris remarks,

"The deposition of the Bright Angel can be considered a continuation of the ever-more-fining upward sequence of particle size of the Tapeats."

The Bright Angel shale is approximately 400 feet thick. It is also flat-lying, containing beds of dolomite and limestone. According to Morris, the water was deeper and slower moving when the Bright Angel was deposited by a bottom-hugging slurry. Such slurries can quickly produce the thick deposit of fine particles of shale and clay that normally require long times and calm waters to be deposited. The Tapeats and Bright Angel expand laterally farther and farther inland.

The Mauv Limestone
Morris walks his readers up the Sauk Megase¬quence (the Tonto Group), adding some details of the Mauv Limestone, which transitions from the Bright Angel. It too covers approximately the same area as the Tapeats and Bright Angel. The Floodwater was even deeper and the water's velocity was slower when it deposited the Mauv. This allowed extremely fine particles to agglomerate and settle along with precipitation of dissolved chemicals, continuing the fining-upward sequence begun at the bottom of the Tapeats.

Morris seems to be implying that the Tapeats, Bright Angel and Mauv are one megaturbidite. The Mauv is 650 feet thick and grades into the Bright Angel, making the total thickness of this sequence about 1400 feet. Dr. Morris says,

"To simplify the story, when shallow but powerful water first encounters the land and water energies are greatest, erosion is extensive. As velocities lessen and begin to curl back, only large boulders and cobbles can be deposited. As the water velocity tapers off with increasing depth and wider area, larger and then smaller sand grains drop out, then finer particles, and finally chemical precipitates. As transgression progresses, three zones are deposited laterally and essentially simultaneously." This explains why the base of the Tapeats contains the large boulders, while the Mauv contains the finest particles.

Tippecanoe Megasequence in Grand Canyon
"As the transgressing waters lost their initial energy, they began to curl back and return to the ocean from which they had come, eroding the recently deposited strata. Another transgression was soon to follow, and the sequence repeated," explains Morris.

Morris says the Sauk Megasequence is followed by an erosional unconformity. The next megasequence is named the Tippecanoe. This megasequence has been noted throughout the northern hemisphere, but it is entirely missing in Grand Canyon. Morris says it was evidently eroded. The Tippecanoe spans the Ordovician and Silurian periods of 500 to 400 million years ago. The erosion of this megasequence was complete and reached down into the Mauv Limestone. There was subsequent fill-in of the gouged out areas of the Mauv with dolomitic limestone of the Temple Butte Formation.

Morris describes the subsequent formation:

"The passage of time is not evident between the Temple Butte Limestone and the overlying Redwall Limestone, yet they are assigned to different Periods--Devonian and Mississippian, respectively--supposedly tens of millions of years apart."

Geologists have determined that the time gap between the Temple Butte and the Redwall is 72 million years. According to Morris, either the Ordovician and Silurian sediments were not deposited (a hiatus) or, more likely, he says, they were eroded by regressing Floodwaters, producing an extremely flat surface.

The Redwall Limestone
The Redwall Limestone is 500 feet thick. A geologist discovered dozens of nautiloid fossils in one of Grand Canyon's obscure side canyons, but the uniformitarian conclusion was that they were buried by a local disturbance. Dr. Steve Austin investigated this further and discovered billions of nautiloid fossils in this formation. He also noticed the fossils are oriented in the direction of the water current that suddenly buried them en masse. Morris says Austin traced them across several states. This means the cataclysm that buried these nautiloids in one fell swoop was far larger than anything ever observed in recorded history. This rules out uniformitarianism as a rational explanation, and is consistent with the global Flood.

Some additional remarks about the Redwall features, Morris says,

"The Redwall Limestone also contains abundant chert nodules made almost entirely of silica, which testifies to extremely hot waters (perhaps the "fountains of the great deep" of Genesis 7:11) involved in its formation.... Dynamic water movement is also called for by the enormous carbonate cross-beds present in the Redwall, requiring deep, fast-flowing water currents. This formation was not deposited in calm seas, as is often taught.
The Redwall was deposited in the early-to-middle stages of the Flood."

Morris adds,

"The Temple Butte and the Redwall Limestone represent the end stage of the third fining-upward sequence of beds known in geology. The Kaskaskia Megase¬quence supposedly spans the time period from about 400 to 320 million years ago, according to uniformitarian thinking."

Absaroka Megasequence
The Absaroka Megasequence "includes all the rest of the strata in Grand Canyon: from the Surprise Canyon Formation and the Supai Group up to the Kaibab Limestone." Dr. Morris feels these strata probably represent the middle stage of the Flood.

Dr. Morris includes additional details of the formations, such as the uniformitarian age of each, their thicknesses, what fossils they contain and whether or not they are bounded by unconformities and erosional features.
Uniformitarian geologists have interpreted the Coconino Sandstone as fossilized wind-blown sand dunes.

"Recent research funded by ICR has found strong evidence that the Coconino cross-beds are best interpreted as underwater sand waves (very large ripple marks)."

The angle of repose, i.e. the slope, for desert sand dunes is up to 34 degrees, but cross-beds usually have dips of 25 degrees. Amphibian or lizard tracks have been preserved in the Coconino. If the Coconino had been a desert, their animal tracks wouldn't have been preserved. Tracks must be produced in wet conditions and rapidly cemented to be preserved; otherwise they will be eradicated by winds or further downpours.

South of Grand Canyon Village, where the Coconino is 1000 feet thick, there is indisputable evidence that the sediment is water-deposited. It covers 200,000 square miles, with similar beds of the same age on other continents, This implies that the Flood deposited these beds before the supercontinent divided into its several parts. No desert of this magnitude exists now. Derek Ager traced thick, widespread beds of chalk, limestone, and coal across several continents in The Nature of the Stratigraphical Record.

Morris mentions that the contact between the Hermit Shale and the Coconino Sandstone is "knife-sharp." We recently featured the six-million-year time gap between these two formations. Someone on Amazon Discussions for Darwin's Doubt thought it is possible for there to be a lack of erosional features in the contact zone, however, in addition to the lack of gullies, hills, and such over the 277-mile stretch of Grand Canyon, Dr. Morris says that channeling, worm burrows, animal tunnels, and root penetration are absent, that there is nothing to indicate the passage of millions of years. Only continuous deposition by the year-long global Flood could account for this.

This is a fine book for anyone who has had little exposure to geology and a good review for those who have.
NOAHS FLOOD. 4 Jan. 2015
By Amazon Customer - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase
Read this through already once, and will do so again. It is just so good to read. I am a firm believer in Noah's flood, and this is right up that alley.
6 of 10 people found the following review helpful
A wonderful integration of Biblical and scientific evidence 13 May 2013
By Morris Gildemeister - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
This book, written for the educated layperson, presents comprehensive scientific and Biblical evidence for the global flood. Although much geological and other scientific evidence is presented, the book is not highly technical in nature and the many illustrations and highlighted textual inserts describing specific aspects of flood related issues greatly enhance the presentation. The book is quite detailed and yet organized and presented in a very attractive and integrated manner.

I was especially pleased to note discussion of the likelihood that the rapidly shifting continental plates during the mountain building phase of the flood might well have resulted in a gyroscopic disequilibrium of the earth, causing a slow roll of the earth's axis. This concept is currently not widely accepted by scientists, secular or creationist, and yet astronomical observations recorded over a 4000 year period and collected by a noted Australian astronomer provide strong evidence that this indeed did happen. Such a slow roll might well account for climatically out of place plant and animal fossils as well as accounting for the characteristics of the geologic strata cited by the author.

This is a book all creationists will treasure. It presents compelling Biblical and scientific evidence supporting the reality of the global flood and places the flood solidly in the realm of real earth history.
0 of 1 people found the following review helpful
The Global Flood. 15 April 2014
By Linda Robinson - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
A really good book with lots of interesting information. The book is well written. I will read this one over and over!!
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