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The Four Temperaments [Paperback]

Rudolf Steiner
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
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Book Description

4 Jun 2008
"The two streams in the human being combine to produce what is commonly known as a person's temperament. Our inner self and our inherited traits co-mingle in it. Temperament is an intermediary between what connects us to an ancestral line and what we bring with us...Temperament strikes a balance between the eternal and the ephemeral..." From personal spiritual insight, Rudolf Steiner renews and broadens the ancient teaching of the four temperaments. He explains how each person's combination of temperaments - with one usually uppermost - is shaped. Steiner gives lively descriptions of the passive, comfort-seeking phlegmatic, the fickle, flitting sanguine, the pained, gloomy melancholic and the fiery, assertive choleric. He also offers practical suggestions aimed at teachers and parents for addressing the various manifestations of the temperaments in children, as well as advice intended for adults' personal development. Also available as an Audio Book

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Product details

  • Paperback: 40 pages
  • Publisher: Rudolf Steiner Press (4 Jun 2008)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 185584205X
  • ISBN-13: 978-1855842052
  • Product Dimensions: 0.8 x 9.5 x 12.8 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 76,423 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Product Description

About the Author

Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) called his spiritual philosophy 'anthroposophy', meaning 'wisdom of the human being'. As a highly developed seer, he based his work on direct knowledge and perception of spiritual dimensions. He initiated a modern and universal 'science of spirit', accessible to anyone willing to exercise clear and unprejudiced thinking. From his spiritual investigations Steiner provided suggestions for the renewal of many activities, including education (both general and special), agriculture, medicine, economics, architecture, science, philosophy, religion and the arts. Today there are thousands of schools, clinics, farms and other organizations involved in practical work based on his principles. His many published works feature his research into the spiritual nature of the human being, the evolution of the world and humanity, and methods of personal development. Steiner wrote some 30 books and delivered over 6000 lectures across Europe. In 1924 he founded the General Anthroposophical Society, which today has branches throughout the world.

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Human Temperaments Explained 22 Nov 2012
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
This simple and straight forward Steiner book is an easy to follow introduction to human temperaments and personality types. It is short and bite sized yet has enough detail to stand alone. I decided to supplement the examples of each temperament given by a simple online search of Steiner web sites. I would recommend this book to anyone starting out on a study of human behaviour and particularly to teachers hoping to provide individual learning strategies to pupils according to their temperaments.
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3 of 3 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Four Temperaments 17 Jun 2013
Format:Kindle Edition|Verified Purchase
Brilliant book, perfect delivery, great thanks.
A must read for those interested in psychology, learnt so much, very interesting!
R. Steiner
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By Jane
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
A very interesting and clearly written little book. I wanted to know more about Rudolf Steiner's thoughts on the four temperaments. This is a great purchase and a very good intro into the subject. When I say 'intro' I mean that it gives you just the right amount of information to understand the subject matter. There will be many other books out there about the four temperaments but nothing so simple and easy to read as this. So a good starter and go read the deeper books if you want to go into the subject matter further. I would thoroughly recommend purchasing this book first.
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Most Helpful Customer Reviews on (beta) 3.3 out of 5 stars  3 reviews
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars A brief introduction to the Four Sheaths and associated Temperaments in Anthroposophy 1 Jan 2014
By Nova137 - Published on
Covers the "4 sheaths" and their associated "Temperaments" among other associations within the Spiritual Science of Rudolf Steiner called "Anthroposophy" or "wisdom of the human being". This book is just a single lecture and is only a very brief introduction to this extensive spiritual science.

Temperament "strikes a balance between the eternal and the ephemeral." Temperament "is an intermediary between what connects us to an ancestral line and what we bring with us from former incarnations."

A person comes into the physical and manifests one of the 4 Temperaments predominantly, but all are present in every person to some degree.

The four sheaths are

1. Physical sheath with associated Temperament: Melancholic
2. Etheric sheath with associated Temperament: Phlegmatic
3. Astral sheath with associated Temperament: Sanguine
4. Ego sheath with associated Temperament: Choleric

The physical sheath we have in common with the mineral world; etheric sheath with the plant world; astral sheath with the animal world; Ego sheath separates and distinguishes us from other worlds. The Ego lives on to reincarnate again seeking another body.

Each Temperament is given a defining set of characteristics:

A person with a sanguine temperament needs love; respect and esteem for the choleric; an understanding that others experience pain for melancholic; friendships for the phlegmatic.

The Spiritual Science of Anthroposophy and understandings contained within it such as exemplified by The Four Temperaments and their associations inside a human being should help us achieve "a beautiful goal--the true and authentic love of others."
2 of 3 people found the following review helpful
2.0 out of 5 stars It was ok - shipping was more than the book 19 Feb 2013
By l - Published on
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
Insightful but it didn't go into much depth. It was a little hard to read but short enough to make it a quick read
0 of 4 people found the following review helpful
4.0 out of 5 stars great little book 2 July 2013
By ellenmlowry - Published on
Format:Paperback|Verified Purchase
I didn't anticipate it being so short, but its very well written nonetheless. I'm going to read it from start to finish on the toilet! Thanks
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