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The Four Horsemen: Riding to Liberty in Post-Napoleonic Europe Hardcover – 24 Apr 2014

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Product details

  • Hardcover: 456 pages
  • Publisher: OUP USA (24 April 2014)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0199978085
  • ISBN-13: 978-0199978083
  • Product Dimensions: 23.6 x 3.8 x 16.8 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 675,671 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
  • See Complete Table of Contents

Product Description


...astute and engagingly written (Gabriel Paquette, The Time Literary Supplement)

About the Author

Richard Stites was Professor of History and International Affairs, Georgetown University.

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3 of 3 people found the following review helpful By M. Baerends on 16 Jun. 2014
Format: Hardcover
Mighty interesting book about a number of revolutions in the early 1820s, indeed a period that arguably has not had the exposure it deserves. 'The four horsemen' are four different 'left-wing' (or rather, 'liberal') army officers that attempted, with varying degrees of success, military coups against the powers that be in Spain, the two Sicilies, Greece and Russia.
Stites argues that the officers in question, mostly veterans of the Napoleonic wars, felt betrayed by their respective monarchs who did not live up to the high expectations of a better world that was meant to rise from the ashes of post-Napoleonic Europe. Sadly for them, the 'Holy Alliance' proved stronger than expected, and the revolts in Spain, the two Sicilies and Russia all failed ultimately, either because of foreign intervention (French intervention in Spain in 1823, Austrian intervention in the two Sicilies and also in Piedmonte in 1821) or because of prompt reaction by the 'home' authorities (in the case of the Russian 'decembrists').
This is certainly a valuable book that covers this 'orphan' period well. I would have liked an inclusion of the events in Portugal in the same time period. This might have been possible by skimping a bit on what seems to be a lot of repetition in coverage of the various revolutionary movements; then again proving how related the various uprisings were (not in terms of planning but in terms of mutual sources of inspiration) is precisely one of Stites' points.
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