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The Credit Scoring Toolkit: Theory and Practice for Retail Credit Risk Management and Decision Automation Hardcover – 30 Aug 2007

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This is an extremely valuable and timely book on a very important topic ... Anderson has provided a great service to all who use Credit Scoring techniques. (Barry Scholnick PhD, Eric Geddes Associate Professor of Business, University of Alberta)

It is a superb mixture of a practical how to do guide for those wanting to use and develop credit scoring together with a way of putting the decisions it supports in context and the techniques it uses in a general modelling framework. (Professor Lyn Thomas, Professor of Management Science, Scholl of Management, University of Southampton)

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Amazon.com: 6 reviews
12 of 12 people found the following review helpful
A must-have for anyone working in retail credit 18 Aug 2008
By Fernando H. F. Rosa - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
As a professional statistician working in the banking industry I highly recommend this book as an invaluable reference for getting an overview of the credit risk management scenario as of today, as well as having an insight into its history and recent developments.

This book fills a long awaited gap for a comprehensive, thorough and complete outlook of the booming area of quantitative credit risk management. Since I graduated and started my professional career in the banking industry I was looking for such a text, both for personal use - as I tried to make a bridge between the academic knowledge acquired in the university and the business world - , as well as a pointer to indicate to colleagues from graduate school or other professionals wanting to start working on the area.

After buying lots of different books and spending hundreds of dollars I can finally say my search is over. This is a sound reference on credit scoring, serving both for the savvy risk professional wanting to brush up his skills as well as for the starter coming from the academy or other professional areas.

The book is outlined in eight thematic sections, which helps delivering the huge amount of information covered in a manageable way. Some of the highlights/weaknesses of the book are the following:

Section A: Setting the scene. This section covers an overview of credit, scoring and credit scoring setting the ground for what is coming next in the book. It glances through the Credit Risk management cycle (CRMC) and the reasons for and against use of scoring in credit retail operations. It also has a chapter on the history of credit as well as an introductory chapter on the mechanics of credit scoring, which summarizes the main technical aspects of scoring in the day-to-day business operation.

Section B: Risky Business. In this section the author contextualizes credit risk into the larger framework of risk management, relating it to the other three primary risks in the banking industry environment, namely business, market and operational risk. A nicely put overview of the philosophies of science on the Chapter on Decision Science is one of the highlights. It ends with a chapter on assessment of enterprise risks, from SME lending to middle and large corporations.

Section C: Stats and maths. This is the densest part of the book, covering in less than 100 pages and 4 chapters a content that spans over a dozen of statistics text-books. Kudos to the author for the extensive research carried but the section also has its shortcomings. Chapter 7 - ZPredictive statistics 101' abuses of mathematical notation and mixes some statistical concepts in its explanation of modeling techniques (specially regarding LPM - Linear Probability Modeling). Nonetheless, the author got the core concepts right and the overall coverage of the statistical methods (such as Logistic Regression and Regression Threes) in the other chapters are very good, with highlights to the definition of information value in terms of the Kullback-Leiber distance. The last Chapter on the section, on software and people resources is also very useful, going into some of the technical aspects for model implementation.

Section D: Data!: Data is the single most important aspect of any statistical analysis, and it is not different for credit scoring and decision automation. So it's not surprising that this is the largest section of the book and it deserves your special attention no matter your background. The chapters in this section cover the most relevant issues with data treatment, quality assessment and preparation that you are faced with in the industry. The chapter on Data preparation is particularly enlightening and discusses important decisions in credit scoring modeling, such as staggered versus static outcome windows, good/bad/indeterminate definitions, observation excludes, sampling considerations and use of external data.

Section E: Scorecard development. This section covers the practical aspects of day-to-day scorecard development, discussing transformation of variables (and statistical methods for it), characteristic selection, segmentation, reject inference, calibration, validation and development management issues. Highlights are its discussions of characteristic selection and reject inference, both comprehensive and filled with examples and references for further reading. It's the section that the scoring analyst will refer to the most while at the development of a new scoring model.

Section F: Implementation and use. A scorecard that's not implemented is useless by itself. This section covers the implementation of one or more developed scorecards, along with all the impacts to portfolio and business, and the monitoring of the implemented model. The Chapter on Monitoring is a highlight of this section, covering all the major issues with scorecard monitoring, such as misalignment, population and score drifts, stability reports, book rates, selection process, policy rules and proper treatment of overrides. It also has a nice chapter on finance (26), which gives insights into how to analyze financial impacts of current and tentative decision processes. There is also a linkage to Basel II model parameters, such as the Loss Given Default (LGD).

Section G: Credit Risk management cycle. This is a brief overview of other components of the CRMC, such as marketing, application processing, account management, collections and recoveries and fraud. The chapters in this section are somewhat concise but it seems to be intentional, as the focus of the book is specifically on credit scoring. Nonetheless, enough of the topics is covered to give the reader a good notion of how scoring fits into the credit cycle and other potential applications of the statistical techniques and process improvement. The chapter on Fraud is fairly comprehensive if you take in account that this is a book about credit risk (and fraud, strictly speaking is a concern of operational risk).

Section H: Regulatory environment. As the author poses, since the 1960s there has been an increasing regulation of financial institutions, and retail consumer credit did not escape it. This section of the book covers issues such as the Equal Credit opportunity Act (ECOA) in the US and other Fair Lending related legislation, as well as data privacy, capital adequacy and anti-discrimination. Of particular interest for practitioners worldwide are the comparisons of such legislation against a set of English-speaking countries, such as the US, Canada, Australia, UK and the Republic of South Africa. Although it does not cover the country I'm working on currently (Brazil), its broad coverage and analysis gave insights into understanding Brazil's current legislation on the matter and implications on credit risk model development.

I believe the author has done an excellent job on assembling all this information together in this format and highly recommend it for beginners and practitioners alike. The list price is somewhat above average but it's definitely worth it, as the only other option I have found so far to acquire the information covered by the book is to work in a retail credit area of a big player in the financial industry.
4 of 4 people found the following review helpful
Amazing contents.. 16 Jun 2010
By Kbcard - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
I have experiance of developing scoring models over 11 years. But I never have seen like this reference book which has most important things. It contains from the start of scoring models to the end of scoring models, so if you have interest in scoring models and retail credit risk management then never miss this oppertunity for you..
10 of 14 people found the following review helpful
Overpriced and Overrated 16 Jun 2010
By Limorkil - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover Verified Purchase
This is by no means a bad book, but do not let the high price tag fool you into thinking this is the best out there. It is very comprehensive, although everything is either at an annoyingly high level or an unhelpful low level, with nothing much between. You can get a feel for WHAT people do when they create scoring models, but not necessarily WHY or HOW they do it.

I think the worst feature is that the book is very uneven, almost like it was written by two people: one experienced and non-technical, the other highly technical but working in a different field. The non-technical parts are highly readable, if somewhat wordy and slightly vague. Then, in parts, the book switches to "statistics 101" mode and throws a lot of jargon at you which - even for those who can understand it - is not terribly enlightening. Maybe the author had someone else write those parts, or maybe he copied heavily from some statistical papers without really understanding what he was writing.

Don't get me wrong: this book is a pretty good overview. It is certainly no worse than 90% of the subject matter out there and the high level parts are very engaging. But if you were thinking paying >$150 would get you something more in depth or a different perspective or approach then you will probably be disappointed.
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
If you work in the industry, this should be on your bookshelf 13 Jun 2010
By Bailey Klinger - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
This book is the best resource out there for professionals working on credit scoring. There is no shortage of papers and books taking 'deep-dives' into particular topics and technical details of risk analysis, but I was long frustrated by the lack of a big picture overview that could integrate all the steps in scoring development and deployment in the real world with sufficient detail, until coming across Raymond Anderson's book. As pointed out by the previous reviewer, this book does not go into the nitty-gritty of all the statistics, but that is one of its biggest strengths: Anderson demonstrates his mastery of the technical aspects by giving all the necessary detail for the practitioner, and pointing the way to the best resources for those requiring more detail within each topic. The Credit Scoring Toolkit ends up giving the reader a deep understanding of how all the pieces fit together, as well as a detailed and practical map through each phase of model building and implementation that could only otherwise come from years of sifting through the weeds. The bibliography alone is worth the (hefty) sticker price- it is a resource that will pay for itself a thousand times over.
1 of 1 people found the following review helpful
Remarkable 9 Feb 2009
By Dimitri Shvorob - Published on Amazon.com
Format: Hardcover
I find the title a bit misleading, as this is not a technical book: quantitative methods are not discussed in sufficient detail, and I am not convinced that, having read the volume, one will know how to construct or evaluate a scorecard. (Consider "Consumer Credit Models: Pricing, Profit and Portfolios" by Thomas instead for a pleasantly hands-on introduction). However, I am deeply impressed by the volume's encyclopedic reach and attention to, it seems, every facet of real-world retail credit risk management.
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