The second book from the highly acclaimed author of PHANTOMS IN THE BRAIN, V. S. Ramachandran, THE ARTFUL BRAIN probes further into the strange and extraordinary architecture of the brain and asks: how do we recognise people? How does the brain formulate language? Does the structure of the brain affect the way we look at art? V.S. Ramachandran is at the cutting edge of the most exciting discoveries about that most mysterious and vital of organs - the human brain. Through the gripping stories of the people he has treated, he draws the reader directly into the heart of the emerging field of experimental neurology. Why is it that some people hear colours and see smells? How can a man speak to his mother happily on the phone but, when he sees her, be convinced that she is an imposter? In this lively and accessible study, Ramachandran shows that the most extreme and unusual mental processes can reveal profound truths about the way we all think - and even ways to improve it.