"Yet archaeologists ... have failed to engage the larger intellectual issues--especially the challenge of integrating texts and artifacts in writing the real 'revisionist' histories of ancient Israel... one of the revisionists' major fault is that they ignore, cite selectively and cavalierly, misinterpret, distort, or otherwise abuse modern archaeology..." William G. Dever
William Dever, eminent American archaeologist, specializing in the history of Israel and the Near East in Biblical times, discussed two main trends in both archaeology and Biblical studies. The first was over-specialization, as archaeology became more theoretically sophisticated, less textually wedded, and more anthropologically oriented. The second development came when Biblical studies entered the historio-graphical crisis in the 1990s, that now sometimes called the 'Minimalist-Maximalist' controversy.
New archaeology moved away from being Biblical to a study of culture, it became interdisciplinary. In addition to radiocarbon dating and electron microscopes, advanced techniques introduced included neutron activation, gas chromatography, and DNA analysis. In the past three decades, archaeologists have made great strides in recovering the lost world of the Old Testament. Dozens of digs in the Levant changed experts' perception of ancient Israel and its neighbors, which is very well demonstrated here, by its author Jodi Magness.
This scholarly book provides an overview of the archaeology and history of ancient Palestine - modern Israel, and Jordan - to the advent of Islam in 640 CE. The archaeology of Jerusalem and the Second Temple, until 70 CE. It provides a historical background for the the ancient Near East world, as well as Palestine. Major sites as Masada, and Petra are explored with archaeology and history, along with cultural material as coins, glass, pottery, and vessels - of each period. I admired especially its plot plans, beautiful maps, and various plates which make the archaeology of the Holy land vivid.