The R&R Instrumental, which arguably began in early 1955 when Lenny Dee's Plantation Boogie, featuring his driving organ sound, reached # 19 Billboard Pop Top 100, was a natural extension of a formula that dated back to the Big Band Era of the 1930/40s. Many of them were themes on Clarence "Pinetop" Smith's 1928 Boogie Woogie, but just as many more were simply instrumental interpretations of famous Pop tunes. That approach was then carried on into the 1950s and 1960s by the bands of Billy Vaughn, Don Costa, Frank Chacksfield, Percy Faith, Les Baxter, Nelson Riddle, Bert Kaempfert, Henry Mancini, Dick Jacobs and Lawrence Welk. Few of those bands opted to try their hand at the emerging R&R sound, however, so in stepped organist/pianist Bill Doggett who really set the tone for the R&R Instrumental with his legendary Honky Tonk Parts 1 and 2 in 1956 (those can be found in Volume 5 of this series).
Quickly following his lead were saxophonists Sil Austin, Noble "Thin Man" Watts, Bill Justis, Lee Allen and King Curtis, bassist Bill Black, pianists Paul Gayten and Floyd Cramer, pianists/organists Ernie Freeman, Dave "Baby" Cortez and Doc Bagby, percussionists/drummers Sandy Nelson, Preston Epps and Cozy Cole, guitarists Duane Eddy, Lonnie Mack, Link Wray, Santo & Johnny and Chet Atkins, and multi-instrumental groups like The Wailers, Rock-A-Teens, Dick Dale & His Del-Tones, Fendermen, Ventures, Fireballs, and Johnny & The Hurricanes. These and so many more will be found throughout this fantastic 5-volume series from Ace of London, complete with their usual copious liner notes also containing vintage photos and poster/record reproductions and discographies, not to mention excellent sound reproduction of only ORIGINAL recordings.
Those tracks in this Volume 4 that never became national hit singles (but are still sought after by hard-core collectors of the R&R Instrumental) are: 4 (uncharted B-side of Hank Levine & His Orchestra's Oct 1961 # 98 Image - Part 1 on Vogue International 112 and ABC-Paramount 10256 at track 4); 6 (uncharted B-side of Lonnie Mack's November 1965 # 78 Honky Tonk `65 on Fraternity 951 - not in this volume); 10 (uncharted B-side of The Megatons Feb 1962 # 88 Shimmy, Shimmy Walk, Part 1 on Checker 1005 at track 9); 13 (a 1964 release on Quality 1631X and United Artists 722); 14 (a 1958 release on RCA Victor 47-7323); 16 (part of a November 1960 U.K. E.P. on London RE-1260); 17 (1962 release on Impact 27); 18 (1963 release on Jubilee 5445); 19 (a 1958 release on Class 221); 21 (from the 1963 Del Fi LP 1228 "The Centurians - Surfers' Pajama Party Recorded Live On The U.C.L.A. Campus"); 22 (1956 release on Specialty 576); 23 (1967 release on Original Sound 72); 24 (1959 release on RCA 1104); 25 (from the 1966 Mustang LP M-900 "KRLA King Of The Wheels"); 27 (1965 release on Original Sound 50); 27 (December 1961 U.K. release on London 45-HL-U.9476); 28 (uncharted B-side of the 1963 Busters hit Bust Out - Arlen 735 - at track 2); 29 (uncharted side of the Feb 1959 Bill Black's Combo # 17 Smokie - Part 2 at track 30).
Charted songs in this volume (not already mentioned above) are (all Pop entries except where noted): Brontosaurus Stomp - The Piltdown Men - # 75 Sept 1960 - Capitol 4414; Peter Gunn - Ray Anthony - # 8/# 12 R&B Jan/Feb 1959 - Capitol 4041; Rinky Dink - Dave "Baby" Cortez - # 9 R&B/# 10 July/Aug 1962 - Julia/Chess 1829; Raunchy - Bill Justis - # 1 R&B/# 2 Nov/Dec 1957 - Phillips 3519; Scratchy - Travis Wammack - # 80 Dec 1964 - ARA 204; Tuff - Ace Cannon - # 3 R&B/# 17 Dec 1961/Jan 1962 - Hi 2040; The Swingin' Shepherd Blues - The Moe Koffman Quartet - # 23 Feb 1958 - Jubilee 5311; Asia Minor - Komoko - # 8 March 1961 - Felsted 8612.