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Tales Before Tolkien: The Roots of Modern Fantasy [Mass Market Paperback]

Douglas A. Anderson
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)

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Book Description

29 Nov 2005
“A superb collection, a splendid and much-needed book. Anderson has cleared away the dross and shown us the golden roots of fantasy before it became a genre.”
–Michael Moorcock, author of The Eternal Champion

Many of today’s top names in fantasy acknowledge J.R.R. Tolkien as the author whose work inspired them to create their own epics. But which writers influenced Tolkien himself? In a collection destined to become a classic in its own right, internationally recognized Tolkien expert Douglas A. Anderson, editor of The Annotated Hobbit, has gathered the fiction of the many gifted authors who sparked Tolkien’s imagination. Included are Andrew Lang’s romantic swashbuckler “The Story of Sigurd,” which features magic rings and a ferocious dragon; an excerpt from E. A. Wyke-Smith’s The Marvelous Land of Snergs, about creatures who were precursors to Tolkien’s hobbits; and a never-before-published gem by David Lindsay, author of A Voyage to Arcturus, a novel that Tolkien praised highly both as a thriller and as a work of philosophy, religion, and morality.

In stories packed with magical journeys, conflicted heroes, and terrible beasts, this extraordinary volume is one that no fan of fantasy or Tolkien should be without. These tales just might inspire a new generation of creative writers.

Product details

  • Mass Market Paperback: 517 pages
  • Publisher: Clearway Logistics Phase 1a; Reprint edition (29 Nov 2005)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0345458567
  • ISBN-13: 978-0345458568
  • Product Dimensions: 17.4 x 10.9 x 2.8 cm
  • Average Customer Review: 4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
  • Amazon Bestsellers Rank: 4,221,865 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

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Most Helpful Customer Reviews
4.0 out of 5 stars A lovely collection of fairytales 24 Aug 2013
Tales before Tolkien is a collection of classic fairy tales which inspired the author of The Lord of the Rings. That is what the front cover of the book promises and this is what you get. There are 22 tales, which were mostly written in the 19th and the 20th century. Every story starts off with a brief introduction about the author and the tale presented. My personal favourites are all of them but in particular I liked `The Elves', `The Griffin and the Minor Canon' and `The Dragon Tamers', dragons and cats being my favourite animals.

At the end of the book there is a list of recommended authors, which includes only those which were born five years and more before JRR Tolkien. Those with an asterisk to their name have work included in this book. Such notable authors as Hans Christian Anderson and H.G Wells have not, which I found a bit of a pity. But apart from that this is a fine book and highly recommended.
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Amazon.com: 4.2 out of 5 stars  9 reviews
25 of 26 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Fairy Tales and Other Fantasies 6 Sep 2003
By Arthur W. Jordin - Published on Amazon.com
Tales Before Tolkien is an anthology of fairy tales and other fantasy stories published prior to Tolkien's works. Some of these authors are known to have influenced Tolkien, but all wrote on themes which Tolkien would probably have admired. All the authors were chosen to be at least five years older than Tolkien.
"The Elves" by Ludwig Tieck is a "literary fairy tale" in the German tradition and illustrates the dangers of visiting with fairies. "The Golden Key" by George MacDonald is a mystical tale of a boy and a girl who embark on a lifelong quest. "Puss-Cat Mew" by E. H. Knatchbull-Hugessen is a story of a young man and a cat against evil ogres and dwarves. "The Griffin and the Minor Canon" by Frank R. Stockton is a yarn about the friendship between a clergy man and a monster. "The Demon Pope" by Richard Garnett is a tongue in cheek story of Satan and the Sacred College.
"The Story of Sigurd" retold by Andrew Lang is an abbreviated version of the Nibelungenlied. "The Folk of the Mountain Door" by William Morris is a mystical tale of a god and goddess attending a naming rite in a Norse-like kingdom. "Black Heart and White Heart" by H. Rider Haggard is a story of an English gentleman who tries to steal the lover of a Zulu warrior. "The Dragon Tamers" by E. Nesbit describes the trials of a poor dragon who is always outwitted by one family. "The Far Islands" by John Buchan tells of a boy whose family is obsessed by the Western Isle. "The Drawn Arrow" by Clemence Housman is a story of the gratitude of kings. "The Enchanted Buffalo" by L. Frank Baum is a yarn about treachery and revenge in the Royal Tribe of buffalo. "Chu-bu and Sheemish" by Lord Dunsany is a fable about jealous gods. "The Baumhoff Explosive" by William Hope Hodgson is a cautionary tale about becoming too much like Christ.
"The Regent of the North" by Kenneth Morris is a tale about a Viking who will not forswear his religion for Christianity. "The Coming of the Terror" by Arthur Machen is a suspense story about frightening events in England during World War I. "The Elf Trap" by Francis Stevens relates the strange experiences of a Professor of Biology who meets a beautiful young lady in the back woods. "The Thin Queen of Elfhame" by James Branch Cabell is the story of a man who unintentionally finds true love. "The Woman of the Wood" by A. Merritt discloses the murderous actions of a man who loved a coppice. "Golithos the Ogre" by E. A. Wyke-Smith tells of the vegetarian ogre who has two plump children as house guests. "The Story of Alwina" by Austin Tappan Wright is an excerpt about the history of Queen Alwina of Islandia. "A Christmas Play" by David Lindsay recounts the efforts of the fairy Emerald to find husbands for three sisters when there are only two princes available.
These stories are representative of the fantastic short stories written prior to Tolkien. While several are fairy tales, others come from a wide variety of cultural myths. Many of the authors are well known today, but others are known only to the students of literature. In any case, these stories are worth reading just for the pleasure of it and, if such reading gives us any insight into Tolkien's works, so much the better.
Since these stories span a broad spectrum of treatments, I liked several more the others; some I didn't much like on first reading. Since each presents its own emphasis and mood, however, I suspect that my list would differ upon subsequent readings in other circumstances. Moreover, other readers will probably find themselves liking stories that I didn't much enjoy.
Highly recommended to Tolkien fans and anyone else who enjoys short works of fantasy.
8 of 9 people found the following review helpful
3.0 out of 5 stars some tastey tidbits 11 Sep 2003
By Ted Carlson - Published on Amazon.com
This collection of tales has a couple of real gems ("The Elves" and "The Dragon Tamers") for people looking for sources of Tolkien's ideas, and a number of ones we've all read before ("The Story of Sigurd"). As a whole, I think the collection is a bit misleading because Anderson admits in his introduction that some of the tales don't really have any connection to Tolkien at all, they are just included to show you what was being written in the field of fantasy around the turn of the century. I would rather he excluded those and just concentrated on the ones that Tolkien either said he had read or that he very likely did read. That gripe aside, the book is very well designed and presented. I liked the brief "sidebar" that opens each tale, but would have preferred a bit more depth there.
2 of 2 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Two Stories in Particular 20 July 2009
By Thomas Nguy - Published on Amazon.com
Format:Mass Market Paperback
Tales Before Tolkien collects popular fantasy fiction shorts that preceded Tolkien. The book's title implies that Tolkien may have incorporated borrowed elements in his work. That's hardly news. What drew me was the variety of stories and their undemanding lengths. A perfect bedside addition and great inducer of sleep. This book is also my introduction to the lyrical writings of George MacDonald and Frank Stockton; the author of 'The Golden Key' and 'The Griffin and Minor Canon'. 'The Golden Key' is one of the most atmospheric fantasy piece I've come across. I was also happy to discover an little known piece by Lord Dunsany, one of my favorite authors, titled 'Chubu'.
5.0 out of 5 stars Great introduction to pre-Tolkien fantasy 6 Aug 2014
By Mike - Published on Amazon.com
This book contains a diverse selection of short "literary fairy tales" written before Tolkien published The Hobbit. It is not, however, aimed at the Tolkien scholar: while some of the stories in this book very clearly influenced Tolkien, many others did not. Some are quite different in tone and content, and are simply enjoyable for their own unique merits. This book mainly provides a very broad, and very enjoyable, glimpse of the world of pre-Tolkien fantasy - a time when fantasy was much more patient and poetic than it is today. Many excellent works from this time have been overshadowed by Tolkien and forgotten, and hopefully this book will aid in their re-discovery.

There is no annotation and only a very brief introduction to each story, but included at the end is an excellent list of popular pre-Tolkien fantasy writers and their famous works. If you enjoy the stories in this book, you can go on to explore some of the longer works from the period - of the ones I have read, my favorites are "The King of Elfland's Daughter" by Lord Dunsany and "Mistress of Mistresses" by E.R. Eddison. Pre-Tolkien fantasy works are often more challenging than most of today's popular fantasy - they are not driven by fast-moving plots and dialogue, but instead by elegant prose, poetic imagery, metaphor, irony, and ideas. The average difficulty is comparable to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein or the works of Edgar Allen Poe (or in the case of Eddison, Moby-Dick).

I have been enjoying this collection immensely - some stories are magical, some heroic, some mysterious, some hilarious; some take place in imagined worlds, some in this one; they are each wonderful in their own way. This collection shows just how diverse the fantasy genre can be. I hope it leads many more readers to explore the rich world of pre-Tolkien fantasy. As much as I love the entertaining fantasy of today, there is a certain feeling of wonder and grandeur that comes only from the fantasy works of old.
2 of 3 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars A Nice Collection of Early Fantasies 5 Oct 2003
By John D. Cofield - Published on Amazon.com
Tales Before Tolkien is a nice collection of fantasy tales dating from the period just before Tolkien's birth to just before he began publishing his own works. Some of the stories, like Puss-cat Mew, Tolkien actually acknowledged having read and enjoyed as a youth. Others are not actually mentioned by Tolkien but possibly had an influence on him, while still others were probably not read by him but are indicative of the state of fantasy at the time he was active. None of these stories really measure up to Tolkien's standards (but then, what does?) but many are quite interesting and enjoyable to read. Each story has a brief sidebar giving some details about the author, and there is more information in a suggested reading section at the back. This is a very nice look at the state of fantasy writing just before Tolkien broke new ground.
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