About the Author
Stephen D. Lapan , PhD, is Director, C & I Doctoral Program, College of Education, Northern Arizona University, He has developed and taught courses in statistics, tests and measurements, program evaluation, action research, introduction to research, paradigms for research, and currently teaches introductory and advanced research courses. Recent awards include the Arizona Association for Gifted and Talented Honor Board Life Achievement Award, Northern Arizona University College of Education Distinguished Service Award for Research, and Northern Arizona University first campus wide Teaching Scholar award. MaryLynn T. Quartaroli , PhD, is Project Director of the NEXUS Math/Science NAU grant for Science Foundation Arizona. She is also evaluating programs funded by the U.S, Department of Education in projects as diverse as the Math Science Partnership and the Carol M. White Physical Education Program. Frances Julia Riemer , PhD, is Associate Professor in the College of Education at Northern Arizona University and Director of the University′s Women and Gender Studies Program. She is the recipient of a Fulbright Scholar Award, a dissertation fellowship from the Spencer Foundation, a post–doctoral fellowship from the National Academy of Education/Spencer Foundation, and an Elva Knight research grant from the International Reading Association.