This is a fabulous book. von Franz was a genius like her mentor Jung, but unlike him, she writes crisply and clearly. This volume beautifully addresses the main topics of Jungian psychology and provides insights sometimes difficult to glean from Jung's "Collected Works." Many of her observations and explanations are gems and greatly elucidate the topics addressed:
INDIVIDUATION & DREAMS (definitions, examples, value of):
p. 6: Every time a dream interpretation hits the mark, a piece of the unconscious is joined with consciousness, or else an autonomous complex is joined with the rest of the personality. In this way a continuously repeating process of coniunctio takes place.
THE INFERIOR FUNCTION & JUNGIAN TYPOLOGY (for understanding others & in individuation):
p. 16=Intro., 62=ES, 71=IS, 78-ET, 85=IT, 91=EN, 99=IN, 106=EF, 114=IF, 117=& Unconscious, 132=& Archetypes [E=extrovert, I=introvert, S=sensate, N=intuitive, F=feeling, and T=thinking]
p. 28: When the time comes for the development of the other functions, there are generally several phenomena: the superior function degenerates like an old car which begins to run down and get worn out, the ego becomes bored with the superior function, because everything you can do well becomes boring, and beyond that the inferior function, instead of appearing in its own field, tends to invade the main function, giving it an unadapted neurotic twist.
p. 33: If people have already reached the stage of being bored with their main function, they very often assure you with absolute certainty that they belong to the type opposite what they really are. The extravert swears that he is deeply introverted, and vice versa.
p. 81: If people can begin to laugh about their inferior function, that can be redeeming, for then everything is twenty times better
ACTIVE IMAGINATION (method, uses, and dangers):
p. 151: The right understanding of a dream, if it is more than intellectual, brings about a change in the conscious personality, which in turn affects the unconscious; but the effect from active imagination is stronger out of all proportions..[and] it is an invaluable means for the analysand in developing himself toward being less childishly dependent on the analyst...active imagination makes the autonomy of the analysand possible altogether.
RELATIONSHIPS AMONG PSYCHOLOGY, RELIGION, & SHAMANISM (cure vs. treatment):
p. 177: "The main interest of my work," writes Jung, "is not concerned with the treatment of neuroses but rather with the approach to the numinous. But the fact is that the approach to the numinous is the real therapy and as much as you attain to the numinous experiences, you are released from the curse of pathology. Even the very disease takes on a numinous character"...If it is not possible to establish a relationship with the numinous, no cure is possible; the most one can hope for is an improvement to social adjustment. p. 294: The roots of both priesthood and psychotherapy lie in the primitive phenomenon of shamanism and the existence of medicine men.
PSYCHOLOGICAL PROJECTION (Freudian vs. Jungian views, process, withdrawal, and dangers):
pp. 258-9: The original condition was one in which the inner and outer worlds were not sharply distinguished, that is, subject and object were to a great extent indentified with each other. Jung calls this the archaic identity. The primitive consciousness, like that of children, initially lives in a stream of events in which events in the environment and inner world are not distinguished, or only unclearly distinguished. [Sociological/psychological view of the Biogenic Law]
p. 260: The most blatant manifestation of projection is in self-righteous political convictions--'isms' and in passionately advocated theories...As soon as tolerance and humor disappear, we can presume that projection has entered the picture...it is difficult not to be drawn in ourselves Since affects and emotions are extremely contagious.
JUNGIAN ANALIST TRAINING (including transference & counter-transference):
pp. 8-9: Jung always required of analysts that they should ultimately work the most on continuing to make progress in their own individuation. In so doing, they take their analysands along with them on their journey, without trying to influence them directly (which would be a misuse of power).
pp. 276-7: Someone who has not acceded to the depths of the unconscious and seen there 'the ways of all spirits of sickness' can hardly possess enough real empathy for the serious psychic suffering of his fellow human beings. He will only treat them by the textbook
GROUPS AND MASSES (nature, process, uses, and dangers):
p. 188: Only a person who doubts himself feels compelled to win over as many admirers as possible so as to drown out his own doubt
pp. 291-2: At first it seems a great relief for the individual to feel protected by a group and removed from himself. In the group, therefore, the sense of security increases and the feeling of responsibility decreases. Suggestibility also increases enormously, a fact which includes, however, a loss of freedom.
PSYCHOLOGY AND DRUGS:
p. 297: "We think it is enough to discover new things, but we don't realize that knowing more demands a corresponding development of morality...I am profoundly mistrustful of the 'pure gifts of the gods.' You pay dearly for them. Beware of Greeks bearing gifts
p. 303: Intoxicating substances are not the only dangerous addictions of our time Another dangerous form of addiction is ideological possession, which can make the individual just as 'drunk,' puffed up and dissociated as a drug, and in addition misleads him into wanting to impose his ideas on society through force.
THE PUER & PUELLA AETERNUS:
p. 323: Save ourselves...by seeing and acknowledging that these two archetypal images [puer & senex] can only exercise their effects of negative possession on us to the extent that our own experience of Self has not yet gone far and deep enough.