From the Back Cover
Throughout the ages architects have attempted to capture the essence of living systems as design inspiration. However, practitioners of the built environment have had to deal with a fundamental split between the artificial urban landscape and nature owing to a technological ′gap′ that means architects have been unable to make effective use of biological systems in urban environments. Protocell Architecture
is an edition of AD that shows for the first time that contemporary architects can create and construct architectures that are bottom up, synthetically biological, green and have no recourse to shallow bio–mimicry. In the next few decades, synthetic biology is set to have as much, if not more, impact on architecture as cyberspace and the digital. The key to these amazing architectural innovations is the Protocell.
About the Author
is Head of the School of Architecture & Construction at the University of Greenwich, London. Director of The AVATAR Research Group, he was previously Professor of Architecture and Digital Theory and Vice Dean of the Bartlett School of Architecture at University College, London. He is on the Editorial Boards of Architectural Design and Technoetic Arts
magazines. He lectures around the world and his work has been exhibited and published worldwide. He is a visionary architect and has an international reputation as an innovative architect, critic, theorist, teacher and author.
Rachel Armstrong is a medical doctor, author, AVATAR Researcher and Teaching Fellow at the Bartlett School of Architecture.