If you're a European, and you tend to think of the States as being populated by well-fed sedentary people driving enormous gas-guzzling SUVs, then prepare to have your prejudices exploded by this book.
Jeff Mapes commutes by bike to his job in downtown Portland, Oregon, and he isn't the only one. In many towns and cities in the U.S. people are re-discovering that cycling is a practical, low-cost, healthy way to get around, and as the numbers of cyclists grow, so the pressure for better cycling infrastructure and facilities grows with it. At the same time, the cost and pollution caused by traffic congestion are increasingly seen as negative by city authorities.
The result is a recipe for a renaissance in cycling in the States, which the author examines with a thorough and incisive eye. Mapes is a political journalist, so this book is written in a lucid and professional style that nonetheless doesn't subdue his evident passion for cycling.
His conclusions catch the zeitgeist particularly well:
". . . I see how learning to ride my bike in the city has changed my life. I still have a car and I still appreciate its utility. But I don't worry about high gas prices, road congestion or the lack of parking downtown. My car has become just another tool that I often don't need. Cars no longer have status in my mind. Once you spend most of your time on a bike, the difference between a Toyota Corolla and a BMW seems insignificant."
This book is probably unique, in the fact that it chronicles the beginnings of a cultural change in America which would have seemed impossible only a few years ago.
Highly recommended for city dwellers everywhere.
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This has totally changed the way I view cycling. I now commute to work and it is working for me - so much happier and shedding the pounds (whilst eating more!) I live in Singapore where cycling is a "dirty word" and I think I would actually move to Copenhagen/Amsterdam/London/Davis just to cycle more.
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38 of 43 people found the following review helpful
Bicycles are okay, but "a tricycle means independence"6 Mar. 2009
- Published on Amazon.com
A few confessions. First, I fall into the ideal reading demographic for this book. I own bikes. I ride bikes. And I am very interested in transportation issues, particularly as they pertain to bicycles. When Tom Vanderbilt's extraordinary book Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us) came out, the first thing I did with it was turn to the index and look up all the references to bicycles. (You say "nerdy" and I say "wonky"!)
And I live in the American Mecca (or "Amsterdam") of bicycling, namely Portland, Oregon, as does author Jeff Mapes.
But my most dramatic confession is this: I'm only halfway through Pedaling Revolution. (Eep.)
But at this point in the journey, the rest of the book could be printed in Swahili (I have nothing against the language, besides being unable to read it) and this would still be a five-star read. Why? Well, in a general sense, Mapes has done a fine job of giving me a historical context for the evolution of the bicycle in our society. Fair enough, but surely other books do the same?
They do. But Mapes brings a professional journalist's chops to this assignment. He peppers his account with interviews and human interest angles, and he knows the value of both a well-placed anecdote and statistic. To put it crudely, while Mapes' research was clearly Herculean, he doesn't let you see him sweat.
I'll be back to edit this review upon book's completion, but here are a few specifics that stick out in my mind this far:
By one UCLA professor's estimate, the sum total of all the parking spaces in the U.S. take up an area about the size of Connecticut. (Remember, that doesn't count roads!) Ouch.
Suffragette Belva Ann Lockwood (she twice ran for president in the late 1800s) was often spotted pedaling around Washington D.C. on her largish tricycle. As she said, "A tricycle means independence for women, and it also means health."
Along the lines of quotable quotes, try this one on for size: "The more I think about U.S. domestic transportation problems... the more I see an increased role for the bicycle in American life." George H.W. Bush, U.S. ambassador to China, 1975
14 of 14 people found the following review helpful
Exceptionally well written book that will have you taking notes17 July 2009
Jonathan T. Harding
- Published on Amazon.com
This is a very well written and readable book. As others have noted, it is interspersed with a interviews, anecdotes, and other journalistic elements that make for an entertaining read. For a non-fiction book on a relatively narrow topic like bicycling, it's certainly a page turner. I am already an avid bicyclists and a proponent of utility bicycling, but I am also a suburbanite in the not-so bike friendly South-east US. At first this book had me day-dreaming about living in Portland or Williamsburg, Brooklyn, but by the end I am inspired to engage in my own community for more liveable bicycle friendly streets in Charlotte, NC. Thank you Jeff.
20 of 24 people found the following review helpful
Overly optimistic (3.75 *s)25 Jun. 2009
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The author, not a hard-core cyclist by any stretch, after discovering in the 1990s that his city, Portland, OR, had a substantial bicycle network of roads and paths, began commuting on his bicycle to his job as a political reporter located only a few miles from his home in central Portland. His dedication to bicycle commuting led to this investigation of the extent to which bicycles have become utilitarian vehicles in other cities. The book looks at individual commuters as well as support structures and agencies that facilitate commuting by bicycle. While bicycle commuting is noticeable in some cities, it is an overstatement to say that a bicycling revolution is taking place in the US.
In reality, a few cities in the US, some small, some large, most with special demographic and geographical circumstances, all with concerns of congestion and environmental degradation, and, most importantly, the coincidence of having cycling-centered officials in city planning and transportation departments, have been able to make cycling safer and more enjoyable through a variety of measures such as creating bike lanes along existing roads, improved signage, and in some cases special bikeways. However, the author admits that the peak of bicycle ownership in the US actually occurred in the 1970s. The percentage of commuter trips on bicycles, even with recent upticks, still remains quite small in these few locales. The author does not squarely face the fact that, in the current architecture of American communities, places of work, living, and shopping are not co-located, which makes bicycle usage most impractical. There is no getting around the fact that our communities and lives are integrally tied to the automobile.
The author reviews key legislation and programs, ranging from the federal down to the city level, which facilitate bicycle commuting. Perhaps the key legislation was The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991, since renewed, which required state DOTs to designate a bicycle coordinator. In addition, supporters in Congress, like Rep Jim Oberstar from Minnesota, remain essential. Of more interest is the author's visits to various locales both in the US and Europe to see bicycle commuting in action. Nowhere in the US do cyclists come close to the standing that they have in Amsterdam and Copenhagen. A culture of sharing the roads exists in those places to such a degree that observing formal traffic rules, like stop signs and one-way indicators, seem to be beside the point for a safe, smoothly functioning system. In fact, helmets are seldom used, attesting to the confidence that bicyclists have in their system. Of course, speed limits within these cities are on the order of 30 km/hr or 19 mph.
In the US, small to medium-sized college towns are the most likely candidates for being bicycle-friendly, if for no reason other than most students do not have cars. Davis, CA is the foremost example with Boulder, Berkley, Eugene, and Madison being other bike-friendly cities. Madison has the added advantage of being home to several bicycle companies including the renowned Trek company. The author focuses on Portland and NYC as examples of large cities in various stages of being or becoming bicycle-friendly. Of course, Portland has achieved a great deal more than NYC, being of far more manageable size and having started decades ago in planning a bicycle network. NYC efforts are really in their infancy, though there has been a considerable shift in thinking regarding cyclists. Cities need to be attractive to prospective, educated residents for economic viability; Louisville has added bicycling infrastructure for just that reason. Some of the smaller cities mentioned, under strictures of contained growth, have become high-priced enclaves that, ironically, attract well-to-do newcomers who commute by driving to larger cities. In essence, that unexpected development is a setback to the bicycling movement.
Other topics are covered, such as the need to get kids riding bikes again and the obvious health benefits of cycling. These discussions are overloaded with too many programs and officials. In addition, the squabbling among bicycle activists becomes rather obscure concerning the relative merits and hazards of separate bikeways, bike lanes along existing roads, and simply sharing streets. Interesting terms like "bike boxes" or "road diets" are introduced. The author seems to be overly taken by bicycling as a counterculture and the various mass participation events involving bicyclists. The once-a-month Critical Mass rides held in such places as San Fran and Portland, where hundreds of cyclists ride through city streets effectively stopping automobile traffic, are a questionable, annoying tactic that is waning. And there is bike theater, like the Portland Nakid bike ride, which is no doubt entertaining, but more significantly indicates that the bicycling community in Portland will not be ignored.
The book is a nice overview, though hardly comprehensive, of the existence and possibilities of practical bicycling in the US. It is not concerned with bicycling as a sport. The book is more hopeful than realistic concerning the prospects for sufficient support, primarily from governments, to sustain steady growth in practical bicycling. Being able to point to a few positive examples of bicycling does not signify a thoroughgoing movement. The vast majority of bicyclists in the US have no real possibilities of cycling in environments like those of Portland or Davis. Most state and local DOT officials have little interest in making communities safe for bicyclists. For example, instead of wide shoulders or bike lanes along highways, bicycle-prohibitive rumble strips are installed. In most locales, the populace is not clamoring for infrastructure to support bicycling.
The book is interesting from the standpoint of what can exist for cyclists but is also frustrating because it differs so drastically from what most cyclists experience and there is the perception that the author is insufficiently aware of just how unusual his example cities are. In addition, it's not totally clear as to whom the book is targeted: potential cyclists or planners. As typical for a reporter, there is factual overkill which makes the book seem somewhat like a policy or program manual. Real cyclists get shoved to the background in this account.
6 of 6 people found the following review helpful
Inspiring Read!11 Aug. 2009
Wesley D. Cheney
- Published on Amazon.com
More than likely, most folks who pick this book up commute to work on their bike and make it to Critical Mass every month or so. Jeff isn't going to turn any suburbanite SUV drivers into fixie hipsters...but that's not the point.
I live in a city with a bike culture in its infancy. It's inspiring to read of how bicycles have been integrated into other cities; to learn from both the success and failures of others.
If you've been a regular reader of Bicycling Magazine, Dirt Rag, or even the Associated Press, then you'll probably have a few moments of deja vu: "Wait a minute, haven't I read this before?" Jeff is a professional journalist, and so the themes, if not content, of his shorter works have been recycled and collected into a larger tome.
I haven't finished "Pedaling Revolution" yet. The book was just so darn good that I had to get out and ride my bike!
5 of 6 people found the following review helpful
Must read- very enlightening15 Jun. 2009
P. L. Murray
- Published on Amazon.com
This is a must read. This book provides a great perspective of what can and should be done to support alternative transportation. Other countries are so far ahead of where we are in terms of thinking holistically about bike transportation. Cycling has benefits far beyond the obvious health and transportation benefits. Read the book and you'll see. After reading this book, I feel the mass media and the government has significantly short-changed the cyclists who have endangered their lives to help support alternative transportation. Next time you see a cyclist, instead of thinking why are they going so slow and get out of my way, you should be thinking why didn't I do that.